Important Roles Factors Affecting Social Cohesion

Main Article Content

Somruedee Sanguankaew
Kasetchai Laeheem
Wanchai Dhammasaccakarn
Jirachaya Jeawkok


Social cohesion concept has contribution to society in terms of creating social solidarity that is basic needs for all human beings and necessity of nation-state that provides the national stability. Endless development and paying more attention made this concept were enfolded by ideology of researchers in various disciplines. This paper firstly aims to propose the definition, meaning, important factors effect on fostering social cohesion as well as to discuss the limitations, the challenge of Thai multicultural society. Moreover, the study also proposes the community cohesion concept which was the way to resolve the complexity of the concept. Related studies and theories of the concepts were analyzed and synthesized. The finding revealed that the six social factors of social cohesion, namely membership attraction, perceived cohesion, participation, shared community values, social capital, and role of institutions were affected to social cohesion.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Academic Article


คณพศ สิทธิเลิศ. (2558). โครงสร้างหลวมของสังคมไทยในบริบทคุณลักษณะของคนอาเซียน. วารสารวิชาการวิทยาลัยสัoตพล. 1(1), 64-73. สืบค้น 17 พฤษภาคม 2563, จาก
ศิริจิต สุนันต๊ะ. (2556). สถานการณ์โต้แย้งเรื่องพหุวัฒนธรรมในประเทศไทย (Learning from the west? The state of the multicultural debate in Thailand). วารสารภาษาและวัฒนธรรม. 32(1), 5-30. สืบค้น 16 พฤษภาคม 2563, จาก
อคิน รพีพัฒน์, ม.ร.ว. (2548). การแสดงปาฐกถาพิเศษ ป๋วย อึ้งภากรณ์ ครั้งที่ 9. กรุงเทพฯ: สามลดา.
Baeker, G. (2002). Sharpening lens: Recent research on cultural policy, cultural diversity, and social cohesion. Canadian journal of communication. 27(2), 179-196. Retrieved December 20, 2019, from
Ball, K., Cleland, V.J., Timperio, A.F., Salmon, J., Giles-Corti, B., & Crawfor, D.A. (2010). Love Thy Neighbour? Associations of Social Capital and Crime with Physical Activity Amongst Women. Social Science & Medicine. 71(4), 807–814. Retrieved December 21, 2019, from https: //
Berger-Schmitt, R. (2000). Social Cohesion as an Aspect of the Qualities of Societies: Concept and measurement. EU Reporting Working Paper No.14. Retrieved November 28, 2019, from
Bollen, K.A., & Hoyle, R.H. (1990). Perceived Cohesion: A Conceptual and Empirical Examination. Social Forces. 69(2), 479–504. Retrieved December 17, 2019, from
Breidahl, N. K., Hotug, N., & KongshØj, K. (2018). Do shared values promote social cohesion? If so, which? Evidence from Denmark. European Political Science Review. 10(1), 97-118. Retrieved December 22, 2019, from
Bruhn, J.G. (2009). The Concept of Social Cohesion. Retrieved December 17, 2019, from https://
Burns, J., Hull, G., Lefko-Everett K., & Njozela, L. (2018). Defining social cohesion. Retrieved November 22, 2019, from
Cantle, T, (2001). Community Cohesion: A Report of the Independent Review Team. Home Office Building A Safe, Just and Tolerant Society. Retrieved December 19, 2019, from
Carron, A.V. (1982). Cohesiveness in Sport Groups: Interpretations and Considerations. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 4(2), 123-138. Retrieved December 22, 2019, from https://
Chan, J., To, H.-P., & Chan, E. (2006). Reconsidering Social Cohesion: Developing a Definition and Analytical Framework for Empirical Research. Social Indicators Research. 75, 273–302. Retrieved December 18, 2019, from
Chin, W.W., Salisbury, D.Wm., Pearson, W.A., & Stollak J. M. (1999). Perceived Cohesion in Small Groups. Small Group Research. 30(6), 751-766. Retrieved December 16, 2019, from https://
Cloete, A. (2014). Social cohesion and social capital: Possible implications for the common good. Verbum et Ecclesia. 35(3), 1-6. Retrieved December 19, 2019, from
Commission on Integration and Cohesion. (2007). Our Shared Future. Retrieved December 14, 2019, from
Council of Europe. (2004). A new strategy for Social Cohesion. Retrieved December 13, 2019, from
Decoster, S., Camps, J., Stouten, J., Vandevyvere, L., & Tripp, M. T. (2013). Standing by Your Organization: The Impact of Organizational Identification and Abusive Supervision on Followers’ Perceived Cohesion and Tendency to Gossip. Journal of Business Ethics. 118(3), 623–634. Retrieved December 16, 2019, from
Dekker, K. & Kempen, V.R., (2009). Participation, Social Cohesion and the Challenges in the Governance Process: An Analysis of a Post-World War II Neighbourhood in the Netherlands. European Planning Studies. 17(1), 109-129. Retrieved December 17, 2019, from https://
Doyle, A. M. (2005). The Influence of Motivation and Cohesion on Future Participation in Physical Activity (Master of Arts Thesis, Mc Gill University, Montreal: Canada). Retrieved December 14, 2019, from 0&dvs=1576325552182~273.
Eizaguirre, S., Pradel, M., Terrones, A., Martinez-Celorrio, X., & García, M. (2012). Multilevel Governance and Social Cohesion Bringing Back Conflict in Citizenship Practices. Urban Studies. 49(4), 1999-2016. Retrieved December 17, 2019, from Xavier_MartinezCelorrio/publication/239810160_Multilevel_Governance_and_Social_Cohesion_Bringing_Back_Conflict_in_Citizenship_Practices/links/5429465c0cf238c6ea7d1fae.pdf.
Fonseca, X., Lukosch, S., & Brazier, F. (2019) Social Cohesion revisited: a new definition and how to characterize it. Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research. 32(2), 231-253. Retrieved December 21, 2019, from 13511610.2018.1497480.
Forrest, R., & Kearns, A. (2001). Social Cohesion, Social Capital and the Neighbourhood. Urban Studies. 38(12), 2125–2143. Retrieved December 20, 2019, from doi/10.1080/00420980120087081.
Friedkin, N. E. (2004). Social cohesion. Annual Review of Sociology. 30(1), 409-425. Retrieved August 10, 2019, from
Green, A., Janmaat, J., & Han, C. (2009). Regimes of Social Cohesion. Retrieved May 14, 2020, from
Jeannott, S. M. (2003). Social Cohesion: Insights from Canadian research. Retrieved December 18, 2019, from
Jenson, J. (1998). Mapping Social Cohesion: The state of Canadian Research. Retrieved December 12, 2019, from
Kearns, A. & Forrest, R. (2000). Social Cohesion and Multilevel Urban Governance. Urban Studies. 37(5–6), 995–1017. Retrieved December 24, 2019, from
Kolsto, E. & Tyldum, G. (2006). Common Values and Social Cohesion in Ethnically Divided Societies. Ethnicity Studies. 2006(1) ,121-146. Retrieved December 24, 2019, from
Legun, K., (2008). From participation to social cohesion: an analysis of variation in the development of social capital in coastal British Columbia. (Master of Arts Thesis, University of British Columbia, Canada). Retrieved December 18, 2019, from https://www.
Lewicki, R. & Brinsfield, C.T. (2009). Social Capital: Reaching Out, Reaching In. USA: Edward Elgar.
Markus, A., & Kirpitchenko, L. (2007). Conceptualising social cohesion. In J. Jupp, J. Nieuwenhuysen, & E. Dawson (Eds.), Social Cohesion in Australia. 21-32. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved December 12, 2019, from doi:10.1017/CBO9780511481574.004
Maxwell, J. (1996). Social Dimensions of Economic Growth. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from http://
Mekoa, I. & Busari, D. (2018). Social Cohesion: Its Meaning and Complexities. Journal of Social Sciences. 14(1), 107-115. Retrieved August 10, 2019, from
Norton, A. & Haan, A. (2013). Social Cohesion: Theoretical Debates and Practical Applications with Respect to Jobs. Background Paper for the World Development Report 2013. World Bank, Washington, DC. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from
Schiefer, D., & Van der Noll, J. (2017). The Essentials of Social Cohesion: A Literature Review. Social Indicators Research. 132, 579-603. Retrieved November 23, 2019 from 07/s11205-016-1314-5.
Sloane, L. (2016). The Joint Venture: Social Capital, Social Cohesion and The Process of Integration in The Dutch Participation Society. A case-study from the Netherlands (Master of Arts Thesis, Utrecht University, Netherlands). Retrieved December 19, 2019, from
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2011). Perspectives on Global Development 2012, Perspectives on Global Development. Retrieved December 14, 2019, from