An Experimental Study of the Developmental Pattern of Chinese as L2 Mental Lexicon of Thai University Students

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Lin Caijun

Abstract

The purpose of this research were: 1) to study the development pattern of the organization of Chinese as L2 mental lexicon of Thai university students; 2) to explain the development route of the freshly learned new words of Thai university students in more detail and accurately; 3) to Provide teaching suggestions for Chinese vocabulary teaching for Thai university students. The populations of this research were 240 of second to fourth grade students of the 2558-2560 which were selected by purposive sampling and majored in TCL of school of sinology at MFLU. The instruments employed to collect data were free association testing and interviewing. The results of the study were as followed: 1) The participants' Chinese mental lexicon is mainly based on the syntagmatic relations, and gradually changes to the paradigmatic relations; 2) The participants' Chinese mental lexicon has a dominant semantic responses, but there is a temporary stabilization of the fossilization phenomenon, their vocabulary acquisition is still in the L1 lemma mediation stage; 3) The diachronic change direction of the participants' Chinese mental lexicon response type is from non-semantic responses to semantic responses, the route of development includes linear, U or ∩ route. This reveals that the acquisition of their Chinese vocabulary does not completely develop in a linear route, but with some U shaped or ∩ shaped developmental trend.

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