International Relations and Islamic perspective
Keywords:International Relations, Islamic Perspective, War and Peace
Objective 1) To present international relations (IR) from the Islamic perspective; 2) To develop an understanding and explanation of the peaceful co-living between Muslims and non-Muslims in plural societies and states.
Methodology This study employs a qualitative approach by collecting and analyzing the secondary sources based on the interpretations of Islamic jurists (fuqaha) alongside Islamic history and the contemporary world.
Research Findings The study finds that international relations in the understandings of Islamic jurists connotes the relations among humans, which covers Muslims and non-Muslims. In Islamic history, Madinah was the model of managing relations among states through wars and treaties. According to the Islamic jurists, three categories of relations were: the territory of Islam (Dar al Islam), the territory of war (Dar al-Harb), and the territory of the treaty (Dar al-Sulh). Given the contemporary global issues in which Islam and Muslims have become significant actors linked with terrorism and threats to global peace, the explanation of the Jihad concept, in terms of interpretation and practice, is relevant.
Contributions This will be an academic reference for teaching and learning in politics and international relations, which has been highly influenced by the studies of interactions among the European states and society but limited in the analyses of Islamic history and contemporary global Muslim politics.
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