Investigation of grammatical errors committed by Turkmen learners of English
The domination of English as a global language has penetrated every corner of the world and that includes a Central Asian country, Turkmenistan. English has replaced Russian and is currently a compulsory language for the Turkmens. However, little has been known of Turkmen learners’ English proficiency. This study was therefore conducted to investigate such issues by analysing paragraphs written by 17 participants and identifying their grammatical errors. The theoretical framework for the analysis is adapted from Byrd and Benson (1994) who divided grammatical errors into three stages with 12 sub-categories. The results demonstrate that the highest number of errors occurred in the second stage (intermediate problems), which are mainly related to word-level errors. It is however worth noting that the number of errors does not necessarily correspond with the severity of errors. Arguably, these grammatical errors of Turkmen English learners may be caused by their native language interference.
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