https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/issue/feed Trends of Humanities and Social Sciences Research 2023-09-11T00:00:00+07:00 Assoc. Prof. Dr. Phanintra Teeranon tphanintra@hotmail.com Open Journal Systems <p>“ปัญญาเพื่อความเข้มแข็งของชุมชน” (Wisdom for Community Empowerment) คือปณิธานของมหาวิทยาลัยพะเยาที่วารสารมนุษยศาสตร์และสังคมศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยพะเยา ยึดมั่นในเจตนารมณ์ของมหาวิทยาลัยพะเยาและถือเป็นหลักปฏิบัติด้วยการคัดสรรบทความที่มีคุณภาพมาเผยแพร่ เพื่อให้ผู้อ่านได้รับความรู้และแนวคิดที่ตั้งอยู่บนหลักการทางวิชาการ อันจะนำไปสู่การสร้างสรรค์สังคมให้เป็นสังคมที่มั่นคงและพร้อมที่จะเผชิญกับสถานการณ์ทุกรูปแบบ เพื่อเป็นการแลกเปลี่ยนและเผยแพร่ความรู้ทางวิชาการทั้งทางทฤษฎีและปฏิบัติ และการเสนอผลงานวิจัยที่เนื้อหาครอบคลุมสาขาวิชาด้านมนุษยศาสตร์และสังคมศาสตร์ โดยมีกำหนดการเผยแพร่ ปีละ 2 ฉบับ และตีพิมพ์ทุก ๆ 6 เดือน/ปี (ฉบับที่ 1 มกราคม – มิถุนายน และ ฉบับที่ 2 กรกฎาคม – ธันวาคม)<br /><strong>**วารสารมนุษยศาสตร์และสังคมศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยพะเยา ไม่มีมีการเก็บค่าธรรมเนียมการตีพิมพ์ใดๆ ในขั้นตอน**</strong></p> https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/259948 Thai demographic structure and opportunity in crisis of physical retail businesses 2022-05-03T15:19:37+07:00 Thamonwan Theerabunchorn e_mail4fern@yahoo.com Supaporn Plomlersee e_mail4fern@yahoo.com Kanokpit Wichayaworanan e_mail4fern@yahoo.com <p>Modern technology in the digital world bring about a change in the way of doing business especially in the retail business. Instead of shopping from physical store, they shop from online store. Result in a crisis of physical retail business which it has to deal with. Therefore, the objectives of this article are: 1) To study the changes in the demographic structure of Thailand 2) To study the crisis of global retail business and Thailand 3) To explore the opportunities of the physical retail business. The study founds that the market competition in the retail business that has new entrants such as online stores. They facilitate shopping from anywhere in the world, 24 hours a day, hence consumers changing their behavior towards online shopping more. As a result, sales through the physical retail business decreased and some business had to be closed. However, in the crisis, there is an opportunity arising from the change in the demographic structure of Thailand towards an aging society. Whose behavior likes to meet and socialize with friends outside the home and the target location for them is a physical retail store. The physical retail business will have to adapt to seek opportunities in the development of space utilization in existing stores that focus on selling into a space of experience. And innovations are used to help facilitate the elderly who come to use the service, <br />which will be a way for businesses to survive.</p> 2023-09-11T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Phayao University https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/259117 Motivations influencing the intention to take examination for governmental personnel of Gen Z in the Northeast Region by Thai University Students 2022-03-12T15:20:43+07:00 Natthayanee Chantaplaboon natthcha@kku.ac.th Chantira Pothiboonrueng natthcha@kku.ac.th <p>The research aimed to study the motivations influencing the intention to take the examination to be governmental personnel of Generation Z in the Northeast Region of Thailand. The research was done quantitatively. The sample was Generation Z in the Northeast Region who intended to take the examination by applying the quota sampling method of 500 samples from education institutions in the 20 Northeastern provinces. The research instrument was a questionnaire, divided into 3 parts: the general information applied checklist method; the motivations and intention to take examination applied 5-scale of Likert scale. The questionnaire has a reliability value of 0.89. The data analysis was done using frequency, percentage, mean, and standard deviation for general information and the level of motivations and intention, and multiple regression analysis was applied to analyze the relationship between the motivations and intention to take the examination. There were 401 completed questionnaires that were taken for further analysis. The findings presented that Generation Z had the overall motivation to take <br />the examination at the low level (<img title="\LARGE \huge \dpi{120} \huge \bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\LARGE&amp;space;\huge&amp;space;\dpi{120}&amp;space;\huge&amp;space;\bar{x}" />= 2.51, S.D. = 1.21), and had the intention to take <br />the examination at the medium level ( <img title="\LARGE \huge \dpi{120} \huge \bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\LARGE&amp;space;\huge&amp;space;\dpi{120}&amp;space;\huge&amp;space;\bar{x}" />= 2.71, S.D. = 1.10). The motivations influencing the intention to take the examination to be governmental personnel of Generation Z in the Northeast Region of Thailand were cultural motivation (Beta = 0.26), personal motivation (Beta = 0.25), psychological motivation (Beta = 0.24), and societal motivation (Beta = 0.16). The suggestion was that the family played a very important role in Gen Z’s decision and they should foster their children to serve in the public sector in order to make a change in the society and the country.</p> 2023-09-11T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Phayao University https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/258060 Mind characteristic to sport achievement of athlete from Thailand National sports University Suphanburi Campus 2022-02-01T11:50:23+07:00 Rachan Chaliawsil chaliawsil2516@gmail.com Thammarat Arkasvipath chaliawsil2516i@gmail.com <p>The research aimed to 1) study mind characteristic to sport achievement of athlete from Thailand National Sports University Suphanburi campus and 2) study relationship between mind characteristic to sport achievement of athlete from Thailand National Sports University Suphanburi campus. The samples of the study are 280 from Thailand National Sports University Suphanburi campus who are preparing to participate in the National Sports University game in 2021. The research instruments used in the study were measure of mind characteristic of sport successful; Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.88. The statistics used for data testing were percentage, mean, standard deviation and Pearson Correlation Coefficient.</p> <p>The results of the study were as follows:</p> <p><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">1. The mind characteristic to sport achievement of athlete from Thailand National Sports University Suphanburi campus found that 1) love, earnestness, an a proud of the sport they are participating with the average at 33.68 point, in very high level 2) reward and being famous with the average at 33.68 point, in medium level and 3) self-controlling for a fully ability of development with the average at 40.88 point, in high level.</span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">2. The analysis of relationship between mind characteristic to sport achievement of athlete from Thailand National Sports University Suphanburi campus, it was found that 1) love, earnestness and proud of the sport they are participating had the relationship with self-controlling for a fully ability of development at the higher lever (r=.769), 2) reward and being famous had the relationship with self-controlling for a fully ability of development at the higher lever (r=.700) and 3) love, earnestness, and proud of the sport they are participating had the relationship with reward and being famous at the moderate lever (r=.510) at a significant level of 0.01.</span></p> 2023-09-11T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Phayao University https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/260101 Factors of burnout among obstetrics and gynecology residents and fellowships in times of COVID-19 Crisis: a mixed-method research by Thai University Students 2022-04-17T12:21:14+07:00 Wiyada Luangdansakul nui.obgyn@gmail.com Yuthapong Buddharaksa yuthapongb@nu.ac.th Inthiporn Kositanurit inthipornk@nu.ac.th Nithra Kitreerawutiwong nithrakm@gmail.com <p>This research aimed to assess the prevalence of burnout syndrome (BS), contributing and protective factors for BS during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. We performed cross-sectional mixed-method research among Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB-GYN) residents and Fellowships at Bhumibol Adulyadej Hospital between December 2021 and March 2022. The Thai version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey was used to assess burnout before in-depth interviews. Based on review of the literatures, semi-structured interviews were undertaken. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and a content analysis approach<strong>.</strong> Results: A total of 19 participants were interviewed. Overall prevalence of OB-GYN residents and fellowships-BS was 63.2%. Significant contributing factors to BS: (i) high workload and work-life balance, (ii) workload on education (iii) research during training, (iv) cultural Values of Medicine, and (v). feared contracting COVID-19. The protective factors for BS reduction were: (i) peer and family support, (ii) support and protection from physician mentors and (iii) need free time.<strong> Conclusions:</strong> Prevalence of BS in OB-GYN residents and fellowships was 63.2%. Factors contributing to BS may predict the condition and protective factors to help develop guidelines for BS prevention.</p> 2023-09-11T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Phayao University https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/269694 Thai Idioms : the phenomena in Editorial of Tourism Authority of Thailand Magazine 2023-07-12T10:42:45+07:00 Patcharaporn Kachin patcharaporn.k@pkru.ac.th <p>The purpose of this study was to study the types, origins, and perspectives reflected in 180 Thai idioms appearing in the editorials of Tourism Authority of Thailand Magazine. from January 2008 to December 2022. It was found that there were 67 Thai idioms. Idioms. Take the Thai idioms that have been analyzed according to <br />the issues specified.</p> <p> The results of the study were as follows: 1) Types of Thai idioms were found in 4 categories, in descending order as follows: 1.1 types of words, word groups, and other types of sentences; 1.2 types of comparative words. 1.3 Types of repeated words or words 1.4 Types of rhyming words. 2) Origins of Thai idioms found in 5 characteristics, arranged in descending order as follows: 2.1 Habits, behaviors and expressions of people 2.2 Nature and environment 2.3 Others 2.4 Appliances 2.5 Names of body parts. 3) In terms of views reflected in Thai idioms, there were 4 views arranged in descending order as follows: 3.1 Economic conditions 3.2 Human behavior 3.3 Others 3.4 Civil events These studies have shown that idioms are a tool that can reflect attitudes, ways of thinking and way of life, beliefs and values of some people in society.</p> 2023-09-11T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Phayao University https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/259828 The design and develop a web-based lessons of 1633603 Web design and development in information technology to promote skills of learning information, Media and technology with 21st century 2022-04-08T13:27:08+07:00 Sarawut Duangbao daniel852_5@hotmail.com <p>The objectives of this research were 1) to design and develop the web-based lessons, 2) to study the quality of the web-based lessons, 3) to assess 21st century skills of the students who studied with web-based lessons in terms of information, media and technology skills, and 4) to study the students’ satisfaction towards the web-based lessons used in the course of 1633603, Web Design and Development in Information Technology. The sample group were 1) five experts in educational technology, web design and development, and information design, and 2) six students of the Library and Information Science Program at Phetchaburi Rajabhat University. The tools used in this research were 1) a web lesson quality assessment form, 2) a 21st century skills assessment form on information, media and technology skills, and 3) a satisfaction assessment form for the web-based lessons. The statistics used to analyze the data were frequency, percentage, mean, and standard deviation</p> <p>The results of the research were showed that 1) 10 web lessons which were developed for the course 1633603, Web Design and Development in Information Technology, were 100% complete. In addition, each lesson contained learning contents, illustrations, unit exercises, and video tutorial for both lectures and practical sessions, 2) the quality of the lessons on the website was at a high level (= 4.28, S.D. = 0.08), 3) the students' skills in information, media and technology in the 21<sup>st</sup> century were at a fair level (= 3.17, S.D. = 1.39). In addition, the students had good skills, knowledge, and abilities at a fair level, including the ability to interpret and translate the information in the medium that is needed to be presented. This could finally lead them to evaluate the value, correctness, appropriateness, and quality of information received from the media, 4) the students had a high level of satisfaction with the overall use of the lessons on the web (= 4.07, S.D. = 1.07).</p> 2023-09-11T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Phayao University https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/262725 A development of English proficiency test for undergraduate students of the University of Phayao 2022-09-12T14:04:41+07:00 Chuanpit Sriwichai chuanpit.sr@up.ac.th Chanapha Duangfai vilaglow@hotmail.com Narisa Paicharoen ying_narisa@hotmail.com Sanit Yuensak vayupak74@hotmail.com <p>This study aimed to develop English proficiency tests for undergraduate students of the University of Phayao based on the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages B 1 level and to evaluate the quality of the developed tests. There were 4 sets of the tests had been developed. Each set of the test consisted of 60 items, and it was divided into 4 parts including vocabulary, reading, grammar and writing, and conversation. There were 15 items in each part. The sample of this study were 227 third-year students from 18 faculties of the University of Phayao. The tests were verified content validity by 3 experts in the fields of English language and Education Evaluation and Assessment using Index of Item-Objective Congruence (IOC). Then the tests were tried out with the sample to analyze difficulty and discrimination based on 27 % technique of Chung-Teh-Fan. The criteria for index of difficulty and discrimination was the difficulty should be between 0.20 and 0.80 and discrimination should be at least 0.20. Next, the tests were analyzed reliability using KR-20 formula.</p> <p>The findings showed that overall, the Index of item objective congruence (IOC) of the tests was between 0.33 – 1.00. The IOC of each test was between 0.92-0.93. In terms of the standardized quality of the difficulties and the discrimination of the test, there were 49 qualified items in the first test, 48 qualified items in the second test, 49 qualified items in the third test, and 50 qualified items in the fourth test respectively. The reliability of each test was between 0.79 and 0.87. This indicated a good quality of the tests. </p> 2023-09-15T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Phayao University https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/268678 Language learning strategies used by Chinese students studying in online English language courses 2023-05-29T16:32:06+07:00 Chen Yidan 638853011@365.crru.ac.th Sornchai Mungthaisong 638853011@365.crru.ac.th Natthaphon Santhi natthaphon.san@crru.ac.th <p>students in online English language courses and investigated their relationship with academic achievement. The participants in this study consisted of 118 Chinese students who enrolled in the Fundamental English courses of the international program at the Faculty of Humanities, Chiang Rai Rajabhat University, Thailand. The research involved a mixed-methods approach, using both qualitative and quantitative data collection methods. The data was collected through online surveys and interviews with Chinese students studying in online English language courses. The results indicate that Chinese learners use a variety of language learning strategies (LLS), with Internet strategies being the most frequently used by high, medium, and low achievers, but not correlating with academic achievement. Time management strategies are the second most used, particularly among high achievers, while social strategies are used by all students. High achievers tend to use cognitive strategies more than medium and low achievers. The study found a significant correlation between LLS use and English academic achievement, with Memory, Cognitive, Metacognitive, and Self-Monitoring Strategies being strongly correlated, and Compensation, Social, Time Management, and Concentration Regulation Strategies correlated at a strong level. However, no significant relationship was found between Internet Strategies and academic achievement. These findings emphasize the importance of developing effective language learning strategies (LLS) training to support Chinese learners in online English language courses to improve their academic performance.</p> 2023-09-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Phayao University https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/257321 Factors affecting the academic achievement of students studying Biostatistics at the University of Phayao 2022-05-31T15:17:18+07:00 Kemmawadee Preedalikit kemmawadee.pr@up.ac.th Sulawan Yotthanoo sulawan.yo@up.ac.th <p>This research article aimed to study students’ attitudes and behaviors in studying biostatistics and also to study the factors affecting the academic achievement of students studying biostatistics at the University of Phayao. The sample was 261 students who enrolled for Biostatistics in semester two of the academic year 2020. The research instruments used in collecting the primary data were questionnaires and the evaluation form. The secondary data were obtained from the academic report system of the University of Phayao. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and linear regression analysis. The results showed that grade point average was the only factor affecting the academic achievement in biostatistics with a significant level of .05.</p> 2023-09-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Phayao University https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/259317 Conditions and problems of teaching and learning foreign languages of the international school of tourism, Surat Thani Rajabhat University 2022-04-08T13:07:15+07:00 Chuleewan Praneetham chuleewansru@gmail.com Intareeya Leekancha chuleewansru@gmail.com <p>The objective of this research was to study conditions and problems of teaching and learning foreign languages of the International School of Tourism, Surat Thani Rajabhat University. The samples were 194 students, who studied in the second semester of the 2021 academic year at the International School of Tourism. Research instrument was questionnaire. The mean and standard deviation were used to analyze the data. The findings indicated that the weak skills in learning a foreign language were listening skills (<img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}" /> = 3.25), speaking skills (<img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}" /> = 3.11), writing skills (<img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}" /> = 3.02) and reading skills (<img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}" /> = 2.95). The main reasons for not being proficient in a foreign language were insufficient vocabulary knowledge (<img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}" /> = 3.93), inadequate grammatical</p> 2023-09-20T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Phayao University https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/266601 The Lan Na Children’s Local Games and the Multiple Intelligences Encouragement 2023-03-29T10:19:02+07:00 Thitinadda Chinachan thitichin.25@gmail.com <p>This qualitative research aimed to study the elements of local games played by Lan Na children, and analyze how these games help encouraging the children’s skills <br />in accordance with Howard Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences. The analysis was based on the data of 145 types of Lan Na’s local games collected from the documents and from the fieldworks applying folklore methodology; the convenience and voluntary sampling method was applied to collect data from 20 key informants. The result revealed that the element of local games played by Lan Na children was composed of 7 components: 1) the objectives of the games, 2) the number of the players, 3) the playing venue, 4) the rule and the instruction, 5) the song lyrics (for singing along while playing games), 6) the equipment of the games, and 7) the gender of the game players. All types of Lan Na children’s local games could stimulate the children’s multiple intelligences. First, the bodily-kinesthetic was mostly found in all games. As for the interpersonal and the intrapersonal, they were usually found in tandem and in games played by more than 2 players or by team. Next, the linguistic-verbal and the musical were generally and concurrently found, but only in a few games and not obvious. Same as the logical-mathematical and the visual-spatial, they were also found only in some games and not distinct. Finally, the naturalist was generally related to the games requiring outdoor or natural playground. However, these games were less likely to be found at present due to the change <br />in environment and society. The result of this study could further benefit both the school and the parent; while the former could introduce these games in the physical education class, the later could apply these games in order to develop the children’s multiple intelligences in various dimensions.</p> 2023-09-20T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Phayao University https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/262546 The rituals in old city area in amphoe muang Phrae Chang wat Phrae: The study of the components and process of the ritual 2022-08-31T16:46:45+07:00 Khongamon Hemmaratrak amon607pr@hotmail.com Premvit Wiwatthanaset premvitv@hotmail.com Prajak Saisang amon607pr@hotmail.com Bundit Thipdet amon607pr@hotmail.com <p>This article aimed to investigate the components and processes of rituals in old city area in Amphoe Muang Phrae, Changwat Phrae. Researchers employed folklore methodology by taking the observation in 21 rituals in Amphoe Muang Phrae, Changwat Phrae. Based on the main purpose of the rituals, it can be classified into six ritual groups. They were 1) the group of making merit, 2) the group of important days in Buddhism, 3) the group of worship, 4) the group of dispelling unfortunate and 5) the group of renewal, and 6) the group of making apology. Each of these rituals reflected a blend of Buddhism, Brahmins, and spirits. The structures of the ritual were 1) the purpose of the ceremony <br />2) the date, time and place 3) the equipment 4) the participants and 5) the processes of rituals. These structures played an important role in the completion of the ritual. At the same time, the ritual was a structure of tradition and culture making the people in Changwat Phare to live together in the society happily.</p> 2023-09-20T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Phayao University https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/263955 Local resource base and food security of Ban Pa Nang Yoe community, Nong Bua sub-district, mueang district, Kanchanaburi province 2022-12-15T14:00:17+07:00 Nobparat Chaichana chimmanee2531@gmail.com <p>The purpose of this research was to study the context of Ban Pa Nang Yoe community, Nong Bua sub-district, Mueang district, Kanchanaburi province and the local resource base preservation model of Ban Pa Nang Yoe community affecting food security using a qualitative research methodology applied research methods in anthropology Collecting information from community leaders, community philosophers, representatives <br />of the elderly group representative of the group, even the house representative of the head of the household including 23 representatives of children and youth groups. The study area was Village No. 6, Ban Pa Nang Yoe, Nong Bua Sub-district, Mueang District, Kanchanaburi Province</p> <p>The results of the research were as follows: 1) Ban Pa Nang Yoe It is a community in Nong Bua Sub-district, Mueang District, Kanchanaburi Province. Pa Nang Yoe Forest is named according to the community context. Because in the area there are a lot of Yao trees. Yao tree is a vine plant family. At present, it is not visible because the community has expanded the arable area until the Ton Yao is extinct from the community. The landscape of Pa Nang Yoe community consists of mountains interspersed with plains at the foot of the mountains and plains along the banks of the Khwae Yai River. The structure of the community is semi-urban, semi-rural society. Most community members are engaged in agriculture. Relying on the local resource base by bringing the wisdom inherited from the ancestors to use in their lives. make the community have food security 2) The pattern for maintaining the local resource base of the community is (1) preserving the transfer of local food culture. Cultivate awareness of one's homeland from the family level and at the community level, and (2) strengthening the community's capacity to manage appropriate food. Starting at the household level community/local level Encourage community members to maintain the conventions. Food wisdom of the ancestors that have been passed down in the community. Encourage participation in various activities from the family level to the community level, creating awareness of self-development as a foundation for building sustainable community food security.</p> 2023-09-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Phayao University https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/264009 Social space of transnational migrant workers from Myanmar, Lao PDR, Cambodia in Bangkok and adjacent provinces 2023-03-02T11:37:45+07:00 Tanaradee Khumya fsoctnk@ku.ac.th <p>This study examines the social space of Myanmar, Lao and Cambodian workers using the concepts of migration, mobility, and social space. The social space in this study is defined as boundaries and freedom to live in a society that is under the relationship of power and the position of power relations which is made up of natural (physical, geographical) social and network and relationship patterns in society. This study used semi-structured interviews with 278 Myanmar, Cambodia and Laos migrant workers. The questions for interviews were translated into 3 languages: Myanmar, Lao and Cambodian. Descriptive Statistics, Mean Analysis, Standard Deviation of Data and F-test Statistics were used.A numerical measure of social space was calculated which the maximum score is 35. </p> <p>The study shows that the overall mean social space is 17.6. Lao workers have the highest measure of social space in Thailand, at 20.3, followed by Cambodian workers (17.0) and Myanmar workers (16.9). Considering social space by gender and nationality, Lao female workers scored highest. Their scores were and significantly higher than Lao male workers.</p> 2023-09-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Phayao University https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/266430 Social movement on the resolutions about the high voltage pole between 2011-2019 in mueang district, Udonthani province 2023-03-09T13:24:07+07:00 Worrawoot Jumlongnark worrawoot.j@msu.ac.th <p>This research aims to study the social movement on the resolutions about the high voltage pole in Mueang District between 2011-2019, Udonthani Province which affects the local people in the area especially being evicted from cultivating areas. This is qualitative research by using in-depth interviews and documentary research as tools of the study. Guidelines for the conduct of villagers' committees affected by the high voltage transmission line (NCPO) in accordance with the Resource Mobilization theory (RM) and the political opportunity structure analysis, the results of the research show that. 1) The villagers use direct anti-EGAT Officer personnel tactics, use the law and build a network to compete with the state agencies. 2) Since the coup of the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO) occurred on 22 May 2014, Thailand has come under an authoritarian regime which caused the blocking of popular movement and political expression. The researcher suggestion is that there must be a network of popular cooperation in urging the NCPO government to restore sovereignty to the people. Elections should be representatives from the people and lead to constitution amendments and must establish social movement as a strong organization. This is because it is very necessary to carry out the struggle to be effective.</p> 2023-09-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Phayao University