Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences University of Phayao https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up <p>“ปัญญาเพื่อความเข้มแข็งของชุมชน” (Wisdom for Community Empowerment) คือปณิธานของมหาวิทยาลัยพะเยาที่วารสารมนุษยศาสตร์และสังคมศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยพะเยา ยึดมั่นในเจตนารมณ์ของมหาวิทยาลัยพะเยาและถือเป็นหลักปฏิบัติด้วยการคัดสรรบทความที่มีคุณภาพมาเผยแพร่&nbsp; เพื่อให้ผู้อ่านได้รับความรู้และแนวคิดที่ตั้งอยู่บนหลักการทางวิชาการ อันจะนำไปสู่การสร้างสรรค์สังคมให้เป็นสังคมที่มั่นคงและพร้อมที่จะเผชิญกับสถานการณ์ทุกรูปแบบ เพื่อเป็นการแลกเปลี่ยนและเผยแพร่ความรู้ทางวิชาการทั้งทางทฤษฎีและปฏิบัติ และการเสนอผลงานวิจัยที่เนื้อหาครอบคลุมสาขาวิชาด้านมนุษยศาสตร์และสังคมศาสตร์ โดยมีกำหนดการเผยแพร่ ปีละ 2 ฉบับ และตีพิมพ์ทุก ๆ 6 เดือน/ปี (ฉบับที่ 1 มกราคม – มิถุนายน และ ฉบับที่ 2 กรกฎาคม – ธันวาคม)</p> en-US <p>ผู้นิพนธ์ต้องรับผิดชอบข้อความในบทนิพนธ์ของตน มหาวิทยาลัยพะเยาไม่จำเป็นต้องเห็นด้วยกับบทความที่ตีพิมพ์เสมอไป ผู้สนใจสามารถคัดลอก และนำไปใช้ได้ แต่จะต้องขออนุมัติเจ้าของ และได้รับการอนุมัติเป็นลายลักษณ์อักษรก่อน พร้อมกับมีการอ้างอิงและกล่าวคำขอบคุณให้ถูกต้องด้วย</p> <p>The authors are themselves responsible for their contents. Signed articles may not always reflect the opinion of University of Phayao. The articles can be reproduced and reprinted, provided that permission is given by the authors and acknowledgement must be given.</p> premvitv@hotmail.com (รศ.ดร.เปรมวิทย์ วิวัฒนเศรษฐ์) hu.journal.up@gmail.com (น.ส.รัชฎาภรณ์ แก้วสืบ) Thu, 07 Oct 2021 16:34:00 +0700 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Punishment for Crime Prevention https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/199047 <p><strong>The crime is a social problem that exists in all societies and it never benefits anyone. The victim, the criminal, the government, the citizen, or the society, none of these gain any benefits from it. Due to this reason, there are many efforts have been made to seek for various legal and social measures to prevent the occurrence of the crime or to reduce it as much as possible. This study aims to study the legal crime prevention model by using the punishment as a tool and it is done by gathering and reviewing the information based on the academic papers, articles and the related research. According to the study, the punishment to contribute to crime prevention effectively is a punishment that is appropriate to the nature of the offender and the nature of the offense. Therefore, to punish the perpetrator, it is necessary to take factors related to crimes, criminals and the purpose of punishment in order to determine the form and level of punishment to be proportionate to the nature of the offense and the nature of the offender. The proportion punitive will result in fair punishment for both the offender, the victim, and the society, more importantly, it is can be used as an effective crime prevention tool. </strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> วิภาพร เนติจิรโชติ Copyright (c) 2021 Phayao University http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/199047 Tue, 05 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Creative Leadership Characterist Creative Leadership Characteristics of Secondary School Administrators Affecting the Effectiveness of Secondary Schools Under the Office of the Basic Education Commission. https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/238959 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This research aims to 1) To study opinions about characteristics of creative leadership of secondary school administrators. 2) To study the level of school effectiveness from the creative leadership characteristics of the secondary school administrators and 3) To study creative leadership characteristics of secondary school administrators affecting the effectiveness of secondary schools. The samples used in the research were secondary school administrators under the office of the basic education commission (northern region) in the academic year of 2019, amount 299 persons. The instruments used for the data collecting was a checklist questionnaire with five leveled rating scale. The research statistics were arithmetic percentage, mean, standard deviation and stepwise multiple regression analysis.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This research aimed to 1) study opinions characteristics of creative leadership of secondary school administrators. 2) study the level of school effectiveness from the creative leadership characteristics of the secondary school administrators and 3) study creative leadership characteristics of secondary school administrators affecting the effectiveness of secondary schools. The samples used in the research were 299 secondary school administrators under the office of the basic education commission (northern region) in the academic year 2019. The instruments used for the data collecting was the questionnaire with rating scale. The research statistics were arithmetic percentage, mean, standard deviation and stepwise multiple regression analysis.</p> <p>The research found that : 1) The opinion about the characteristics of creative leadership of the secondary school administrators were at a high level. 2) The school effectiveness level from the creative leadership characteristics of the school administrators were at a high level. 3) The creative leadership characteristics of the secondary school administrators affecting the effectiveness of the secondary schools were : operations to the goal (X<sub>6</sub>), motivation (X<sub>3</sub>), problem-solving ability (X<sub>5</sub>), vision (X<sub>2</sub>), imagination (X<sub>4</sub>) and flexible thinking (X<sub>1</sub>).</p> Jitrawee Suesut, Santi Buranachart, Sopa Umnueyrat, Namfon Gunma Copyright (c) 2021 Phayao University http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/238959 Tue, 28 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Historical learning Activities Providing to Promote the Community Role Model of High School Students. https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/222360 <p>The objectives of this article were to study the condition of organizing historical learning activities that promote local cultural conservation in high school level and to explore guidelines for organizing historical learning activities that promote the citizenship of the community role model for local cultural conservation.&nbsp; The sample of this study was 10 history teachers in Sukhothai high schools and 10 local community philosophers in local traditions and culture. A research instrument was a semi-structured interview. The results of this study indicated that the sample schools’ learning management for promoting local culture conservation was at a relatively low level. School curriculum did not respond to community needs. Teachers focused on using lecturing as an instructional method and relied on teaching materials from books. Learning materials from the community, personal media (local scholars, community philosophers) were not used in learning management. For organizing historical learning activities to promote local culture conservation,&nbsp;&nbsp; these activities should focus on enabling students to create knowledge by themselves with the following steps: 1) Attracting students’ attention through local culture in the community questions asked by students, 2) Seeking for information through students’ exploration for cultural resources in the community, 3) Accumulating knowledge through students’ knowledge extraction and collection of experience gained from community in tangible manner, and 4) Transferring knowledge through students’ application of obtained learning experiences in work creation and publication to interested individuals.&nbsp;</p> Chutamart Anukunwathaka, Charin Mangkhang, Sawaeng Saenbutr Copyright (c) 2021 Phayao University http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/222360 Tue, 28 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Guidelines of Integrated System Thinking Learning Management in Social Studies for Primary School Students https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/222365 <p>The aims of this research were 1) To study the condition of systemically integrated thinking learning management in social studies of primary school students. 2) To propose the guidelines of systemically integrated thinking learning management in social studies of primary school students. Sample Group used in this study was 10 students of the primary school who were selected voluntarily. The instruments used in the study were structural interview, qualitative analysis using inductive analysis by Thematic analysis. The result found that 1) Teachers have management of teaching which encourages less critical thinking of students. In teaching of some chapters, the teachers use only lecture and educational media discontinuously. Learning outside the class has limitations of study time and school. In the contents of management of teaching in some chapters, there are a lot of details. The teachers focus on personal study and recitation, so they can lead to discourage the students’ confidence and lack of thinking by step-by-step. Mostly, measurement and evaluation of management of teaching have been used with asking and answer between teachers and students. There are few of chapters using pretest and posttest of learning. 2) The guidelines of organizing activities of systemically integrated thinking learning management in social studies of primary school students should be established the management of teaching by 1) Arranging the groups of people, 2) The case study, 3) Using questions, and other activities such as self-seeking of knowledge, learning resource activity, role-play activity, and project activity.<strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </strong></p> Jutatip Injan, Sawaeng Saenbutr, Jarunee Dibyamadala, Charin Mangkhang Copyright (c) 2021 Phayao University http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/222365 Tue, 28 Sep 2021 15:20:54 +0700 Guidelines for Integrative Environmental Learning to Enhance Environmental Citizenship skills of Secondary School of Udomdarunee School https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/222373 <p>The purposes of this study were to 1) study students’ perception of integrative environmental learning conditions 2) to study environmental citizenship skills of students; and 3) to study guidelines for integrative environmental learning of students of Udomdarunee School, Sukhothai province. The samples consisted of 50 students in Matayomsuksa II at Udomdarunee School, Sukhothai province. The research instrument is the questionnaire on integrative environmental learning. The data were analyzed by using percentage, frequency, mean, standard deviation, and content analysis.</p> <p>The results of the study were as follows: 1) The student’ perception of integrative environmental learning conditions was at the moderate level. 2. Environmental citizenship skills of students was at a high level. And 3. The guidelines for integrative environmental learning arranged according to the the most opinions to the least as follows: 1. Using the truth data from the observation process to raise questions about environmental problems in the community in order to link to the subject matter of learning. 2) Building skills for searching, gathering knowledge, and solving environmental problems. 3) Creating a good attitude, public mind and ethics for environmental conservation. 4) Creating deep understanding about the environment and locality 5) The integration of knowledge of content that is redundant 6) Integrate environmental learning resources together between schools and communities 7) Teachers, students, and communities are involved in policy making and environmental activities. 8) Raising awareness about environmental problems. and 9) Impact and follow up news about environmental problems and provide useful opinions.</p> Rungnapa Tadngoen, Charin Mangkhang Copyright (c) 2021 Phayao University http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/222373 Tue, 28 Sep 2021 15:26:53 +0700 Development of Higher-Order Thinking Skills through the Flipped Classroom Teaching in Philosophy of Education Course https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/215826 <p>This research aimed to study the effect of flipped classroom on development of higher-order thinking skills through the Flipped Classroom teaching in Philosophy of Education Course. Use basic research patterns by&nbsp;conducting experiments based on a single group research plan, measuring two times before and after the experiment. Target groups include 1<sup>st</sup> year students, Bachelor of Education Program Lampang&nbsp; Rajabhat&nbsp; University registered in Philosophy of Education Course In semester 2/2561, 1 group of English and Psychology courses, a total of 15 students were acquired by means of a specific selection The tools used in the research consisted of tools used in learning management, and the tools used for collecting data are Advanced Thinking Skills Test Data were analyzed using basic statistics such as frequency, percentage (%), mean (), standard deviation (S.D.) and t-test Dependent Sample.</p> <p>The results of the study showed that students in Philosophy of Education course had an average score of advanced thinking skills before teaching using the classroom back to 11.42 points from the full score of 38 points, standard deviation 2.01 and the average score of advanced thinking skills after Taught by using the classroom back to 22.16 points from the full score of 38 standard deviation points 2.12 when testing the difference of advanced thinking skills before and after Teaching by using the classroom backwards, it was found that the higher-order thinking skills of students in the academic philosophy courses were significantly different at the level of .01. Shows that students who have taught by using the inverted classroom have higher thinking skills than before studying with statistical significance at the level of .01.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Panotnon Teanprapakun Copyright (c) 2021 Phayao University http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/215826 Wed, 29 Sep 2021 14:27:48 +0700 From an Integration of Linguistics to an Alteration of Attitudes towards English Language Teaching and Learning https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/198471 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; This research article aims to investigate both teacher’s and students’ attitudes towards linguistic integration concept associated with English teaching and learning. The purposively sampling included an English teacher and her 12 students of Grade 4 in Betty Dumen Border Patrol Police School in Pong Sub-district, Phayao province. After the implementation of <br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; the teaching, the questionnaires consisted 2 parts: attitudes towards the teaching and further comments were distributed to the teacher and the students. Mean and Standard Deviation were used to analyse data. The research results are divided into 2 parts, the attitude of teacher and students towards integrated English language teaching and additional suggestions and comments. With regard to attitude towards the teaching and integrated learning, teacher’s level of attitude was highest (X= 4.70, S.D. = 0.48) as well as the students’ attitude with highest level (X= 4.51, S.D. = 0.22). In the part of attitude towards English language teaching and learning, teacher showed their highest level of attitude (X= 5, S.D. = 0) whereas the students’ level of attitude was high (X= 4.40, S.D. = 0.20). In the aspect of suggestions and opinions towards integrated learning and teaching, teacher viewed integrated learning and teaching was beneficial to learners, particularly drawing her students’ attention and learning development, whereas the students viewed this method of teaching helped them learn and improve their learning development, both in pronunciation vocabulary recognition and writing at the sentence to paragraph level.</p> Chaloemphan Kaewkanta, Apinya Hantrakul, Phitsinee Sathientharadol, Narisa Paicharoen, Phennepha Klaisingto, Darinthorn Inthapthim Copyright (c) 2021 Phayao University http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/198471 Wed, 29 Sep 2021 14:55:20 +0700 Word Formations of Lanna Swear Words in Facebook https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/210068 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This article aims to analyze word formations of Lanna swear words in Facebook. The data were collected from swear words in comment sections on Facebook page ‘Meang Ngaw’ from January 2018 to December 2018. There were 72 Lanna swear words. The data was analyzed and the results were presented by descriptive analysis and percentage.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; The findings revealed that there were 4 main types of word formations: 1) a swear word formed by 1-word part 2) a swear word formed by 2-word parts 3) a swear word formed by 3-word parts and 4) a swear word formed by 4-word parts. Each main type was classified into 2 subtypes, 21 subtypes, 15 subtypes, 3 subtypes, respectively. When considering 4 types of word formations, it was found that swear words formed by 2-word parts was the largest types of word formation (56.94 %) followed by swear words formed by 3-word parts (29.17 %), 1-word part (8.33 %) and 4-word parts (5.56 %), respectively.</p> Sarawut Lordee, Karankorn Boonpa Copyright (c) 2021 Phayao University http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/210068 Wed, 29 Sep 2021 15:49:48 +0700 Portrayals of Iranian Women in Marjane Satrapi’s “Embroideries (2005)”: A Multimodal Analysis https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/243407 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Since the lives of veiled women especially in Iran have become academic interests regarding gender stereotype and sexism, several studies have purposed various perspectives on how they live, struggle and negotiate their power in the society. To extend this line of research, this study therefore aims at investigating the portrayals of Iranian women in Marjane Satrapi’s <em>Embroideries</em> by employing Multimodal Analysis (MA). Words and images were takeninto account for analysis that were then divided into five main issues to discuss<em>: colors, symbolic embroideries, Satrapi’s grandmother, speech bubble and panel frame and universal topics.</em> The findings revealed that women’s rights in Iran are oppressed by patriarchal and religious tradition, which ideologically align with the Middle East women stereotype. Interestingly, this memoir also portrays the images of Iranian women that contradict the traditions by presenting the pictures of unveiled women and the issues of plastic surgery and surgical procedure of women’s virginity restoration discussed among them. In addition to this, the author presents the hidden part of Iranian women, behind the closed door when men are away, where they straighten their power by using the universal strategy just like all women in the whole world do – gossip –to survive the hardship. However, the limitation of this study is recognized as the story was narrated through only the author’s lens. Therefore, the results and interpretations were specific and limited and might not be generalized to all women in Iranian society.</p> Atichat Rungswang Copyright (c) 2021 Phayao University http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/243407 Wed, 29 Sep 2021 15:58:25 +0700 The MahaBhuddhathaphisek Ceremony at Salachai Temple, Sala Subdistrict, Kokha District, Lampang Province: The Process of Performing and Symbolic Representations of Ritual https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/221762 <p>The study aimed to study the process of performing and symbolic representations in the MahaBhuddhathaphisek ceremony at Salachai temple, Sala subdistrict, Kokha district, Lampang province by using in-depth interviews and participatory observation. The study indicated that this ceremony was held to celebrate on the occasion that the temple had been founded for 100 years, including the completion of the reconstruction of the temple and the principal Buddha image of the temple.</p> <p>The ceremony was conducted for 3 days. The​ first​ day​ was​ known​ as the​ day​ of​ preparation, there​ was​ a​ procession to​ invite PhraUpakut​ for​ being the​ Guardian of​ the​ ceremony​ without​ any​ obstacles. The​ second day​ was​ the​ ceremony​ day, the​ first​ part​ started by having the​ eyes​ closed of​ the​ principal​ Buddha​ image, later it​ was​ a​ prayer ceremony​ called "SuadMonTan". As​ for​ the​ ceremony​ in​ the​ second​ period, it​ was​ opening​ ceremony​ of​ the​ principal​ Buddha's​ eyes​ which proceeded​ according to​ the​ sequence of​ steps specified until the​ end​ on the​ morning of​ the​ third day. ​And​ on​ the​ third​ day​ of​ the​ ceremony, there​ was​ a​ merit making ceremony​ dedicated to​ Thai alms, and​ there​ was​ a​ procession​ to​ invite​ PhraUpakut​ to​ his​ original location. Therefore considered as​ the​ completion of​ the​ MahaBhuddhathaphisek​ ceremony.</p> <p>The​ symbolic​ representations that​ appeared in​ the​ MahaBhuddhathaphisek ceremony​ include 1) PhraUpakut was a sign of peace and​ order without all dangers 2) Khanhakothak was​ a sign​ of​ humility 3) Khantang was​ a symbol of​auspiciousness 4) the​ opening ceremony​ of​ the​ principal Buddha​' s eyes was​ a sign​ of​ finding the​ light that​ meant the​ intelligence in​ life and​ 5) Khawmathupayas was​ a​ sign​ of​ perseverance and​ determination.</p> Wuttichai Saipanya, Premvit Vivattanaseth, Warunya Yingyongsak Copyright (c) 2021 Phayao University http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/221762 Tue, 05 Oct 2021 14:22:56 +0700 Factors Affecting Learning Behavior of Students Studying Statistics for Economist https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/241851 <p>This research aimed to study and compare about learning behavior of students studying Statistics for Economist. Samples of the study were 125 students studying the subject of Statistics for Economist in semester 2 for academic year 2018 and 2019. Analysis were done in 10 areas with classification on genders, age, GPA, monthly income and high school courses prior to University program. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Factors affecting learning behavior were analyzed using Ordered Probit Model.</p> <p>The results showed that students had overall learning behaviors in the subject of Statistics for Economist at Moderate level. The highest average was learning attitude and the least average was anxiety. Students with difference in genders, age, monthly income, high school courses prior to University and GPA causes in overall different learning behavior for the subject of Statistics for Economist at 0.01, 0.01, 0.01, 0.01 and 0.10 significant respectively.</p> <p>Result of the study, in factors affecting change into better learning behavior of Statistics for Economist subject, showed that male students have lesser chance in changing into better learning behavior than female students with 0.01 significant. Students with higher GPA have greater chance to change into better learning behavior than students with lower GPA. Students from Science and Mathematics courses, high school level, have greater chance to change into better learning behavior than students from Arts and other courses, high school level, with 0.01 significant.</p> Pitipat Nittayakamolphun, Tossaporn Kaewkwankrai Copyright (c) 2021 Phayao University http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/241851 Tue, 05 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0700 A Study of Environmental Conservation Approaches of Thamuang Tambon Community, Amphoe Selleum, Roi Et Province https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/253065 <p>The research aims to 1 ) &nbsp;study method and guidelines for Environmental Conservation &nbsp;Tumbon Thamuang Community, Selaphum District, Roi Et Province 2) Compare environmental conservation in community of Tambon Tha Muang, Roi-som District with different sex. Samples used in this study include people living in Tumbon Thamuang, Selaphum District, Roi Et using the formula of Yamane (Yamane, 1973) 400 persons. The tools used in this research consisted of questionnaires tests<strong>.</strong> The statistics used to analyze the data, including statistics and statistical Pair t-test. The results found that<strong>:</strong> 1) The people living in Tumbon Thamuang, Selaphum District, Roi Et at a high level with an average of 3.83 and standard deviation of 0.69 with the inspiration of the environment the most, followed by the environmental education and Behavioral environmental conservation, respectively. 2) The peoples living in Tumbon Thamuang, Selaphum District, Roi Et. Inspiration for the environment and conservation.</p> Saksri Suebsing Copyright (c) 2021 Phayao University http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/253065 Thu, 07 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Para-rubber Farmer’s Household Livelihoods under Para-rubber Monocropping Production System in Three Southern Border Provinces https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/243947 <p>This research aimed to look into para-rubber farmer’s household livelihoods under para-rubber monocropping production system in three southern border provinces. The samples were 155 para-rubber farmers having the para-rubber monocropping production system, using the purposive selection. Descriptive statistics were employed to analyze the data. The findings revealed the trend most affecting the para-rubber farmers’ household livelihoods was the change in natural resources and environment. Their household livelihood assets were overall at a moderate level. Almost half of para-rubber farmer households gained supports from the related government agencies. The key livelihood strategy of the para-rubber farmer households was social adaptation. The para-rubber farmers’ household livelihood outcomes were overall at a low level. The findings of this research will provide valuable information to policymakers as they formulate appropriate policies to develop para-rubber production.</p> Purawich Phitthayaphinant, Buncha Somboonsuke Copyright (c) 2021 Phayao University http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/243947 Mon, 01 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Guideline for management and preservation of colors of old town of Phayao https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/254974 <p>The research aims to 1) Study method and guidelines for Environmental Conservation Tumbon Thamuang Community, Selaphum District, Roi Et Province 2) Compare environmental conservation in community of Tambon Tha Muang, Roi-som District with different sex. Samples used in this study include people living in Tumbon Thamuang, Selaphum District, Roi Et using the formula of Yamane (Yamane, 1973) 400 persons. <br>The tools used in this research consisted of questionnaires tests. The statistics used to analyze the data, including statistics and statistical Pair t-test. The results found that<strong>:</strong> 1) The people living in Tumbon Thamuang, Selaphum District, Roi Et at a high level with an average of 3.83 and standard deviation of 0.69 with the inspiration of the environment the most, followed by the environmental education and Behavioral environmental conservation, respectively. 2) The peoples living in Tumbon Thamuang, Selaphum District, Roi Et. Inspiration for the environment and conservation</p> Watcharawich Jirawongsapan Copyright (c) 2021 Phayao University http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/254974 Thu, 07 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Perspectives on Approaches to Conducting Social Empirical Research with the Adoption of Structural Equation Model https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/242680 <p>Structural equation modeling (SEM) technic has long been adopted to test hypothesis and confirm theories with empirical data advancing knowledge in social sciences significantly. In fact, SEM experts introduced both Direct and Two-Step Approach for researchers to use and&nbsp; tackle research issues. From reviewing SEM empirical research in Thailand, the authors found that a number of studies did not display results of model fit assessment properly. More strikingly, some studies employed research practices, which may be not in line with deductive research principle. Therefore, the authors addressed future research implications about conceptual model development, proposing research hypothesis, alternative research technics and how to choose research topics in changing, disruptive economic and social environments.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> SAHANON TUNGBENCHASIRIKUL, Sanchai Tiewprasertkul Copyright (c) 2021 Phayao University http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Humanties-up/article/view/242680 Mon, 01 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0700