A Model for Developing the Leaders of Civil Society Leaders to Protect and Anti- Corruption
The objectives of this research were to design a model for developing the civil society leaders to protect and anti-corruption by using the training curriculum construction, to evaluate the implementation of the curriculum and to make a comparative studying of knowledge, attitudes and behaviors on protect and anticorruption. The process consisted of four stages : 1) studying and surveying for assessing needs : 2) constructing and developing the curriculum : 3) implementing the curriculum and 4) evaluating and improving the curriculum. The samples consisted of 120 civil society leaders who were selected by the simple random sampling technique. The research instruments were questionnaires for evaluating knowledge on protection and anti-corruption with discrimination power of 0.29 - 0.71, difficulty index of 0.26 - 0.70 and 0.79 of reliability. The questionnaires for evaluating attitude with discrimination power of 0.34 to 0.78 and 0.77 of reliability, and evaluating behaviors with discrimination power of 0.30 – 0.77, and 0.88 of reliability. The evaluation forms were used to assess the congruence and appropriateness of training curriculum of 0.89. The statistics were percentage, mean, standard deviation and paired t-test. The study found that the most effective strategy of protect and anticorruption was curriculum construction to develop the civil society leaders. The curriculum consisted of 4 stages : 1) studying and analyzing problems, literature reviewing, studying the constitution of Thailand 2007, The 11th National Economic and Social Development Plan (2012-2016), analyzing economic and social conditions in at present and in the future, and organizing workshop for assessing needs ; 2) constructing and developing the curriculum on two steps; drafting and improving the curriculum before the actual cause and evaluating the appropriateness and feasibility of the curriculum; 3) implementing the curriculum 4) evaluating and improving the curriculum. This strategy provided an opportunity for developing the leaders of local organization to Protect and Anti-corruption through the training process. The contents of training curriculum consisted of five units, namely, 1) knowledge on leadership, 2) development of teamwork and network, 3) knowledge on Corruption and 4) knowledge and skills on Protect and Anti-corruption 5) knowledge on good government. The research results showed that the leaders of local organizations had higher scores on Protect and Anti-corruption, the level of knowledge, attitudes and behaviors on Protect and Anti-corruption after training as a whole than before training (p-value < 0.05).
Auychai Watha and Others. (2011). Program for strengthening the public network to prevent and suppress corruption. Bangkok : Office of the National AntiCorruption Commission. [in Thai].
Chaiyong Promwong. (1994). “Teaching Set Performance Test”. Teaching materials, Technology and Communication Studies, Unit 1 - 5. Bangkok : Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University. [in Thai].
Chanchai Arjinsamajarn. (2001). Team Management Skills. Bangkok : Expert Company Limited. [in Thai].
Cornell, Joanna A., (2007). Creating Environmental Stewardship : Evidence from a CommunityBase Adult Education Program. Ph.D. Dissertation, George Mason University.
Kullaya Tuntiphalachiwa (1994) Psychological teaching : the use of kindergarten lesson plans. Bangkok : Faculty of Education, Srinakharinwirot University. [in Thai].
Naruemon Maneengarm. (2004). A development of a program to promote an energy saving mind through service learning concept for prathom suksa six students. Bangkok : MA. Thesis, Chulalongkorn University. [in Thai].
Office of the National Anti-Corruption Commission. (2008). National Strategy on Prevention and Suppression of Corruption. Bangkok : Office of the National AntiCorruption Commission. [in Thai].
Office of the National Anti-Corruption Commission. (2010). Guide and guidelines for promoting the public network to prevent corruption. Bangkok : Office of the National Anti-Corruption Commission. [in Thai].
Phanudech Phattanatham. (2003). The commission of Counter Corruption : A Case Study of Countering the Corruption of Thai Political Appointees. Master of Science Thesis. Bangkok : Chulalongkorn University. [in Thai].
Phasit Chanabun. (2000). The Development of an Environmental Education Training Model on the Community Wastewater Management for the Community Committee in Khonkhaen Municipality. Master of Education Thesis (Environmental education) Mahidol University. [in Thai].
Rattikorn Jongphisarn. (2000). The effect of transformational leadership training on Kasetsart University students leaders. Doctor of Science Thesis Bangkok : Srinakharinwirot University Prasarnmit. [in Thai].
Sa-ngad Utthranan. (1989). Basic and principles of curriculum development. Bangkok : Mit Siam Printing House. [in Thai].
Sathien Paenlue. (2007). The development of training program enhancing leadership for Pince of Songkla University student leasers. Bangkok : Master of Education Thesis (Higher education), Srinakharinwirot University. [in Thai].
Sathien Wiriyaphannaphongsa. (2010. “Increase fraud every day” Kom Chad Luek Newspaper. Vol. 9 October 2010. [in Thai].
Silberman, Mel. (1998). Active Training : A Hand Booh of Thechniques, designs, Case Example, and Tips. 2nd edition. California : Jossey-Base Pfeiffer.
Sitthipol Klangmae. (2003) Creating awareness of forest fire prevention by process of Environmental Education : Case study of People raising cattle in Khao Phu Luang National Forest Reserve, Raroeng Subdistrict, Wang Nam Khiao District. Bangkok : Rajabhat Institute Phranakhon. [in Thai].
Somchart Kitjayunyong. 2001. Service team development. Bangkok : Expernet. [in Thai].
Srisuda Mana. (2004). Environmental education process, waste disposal of Phlapphla Narai Municipality, Muang District, Chanthaburi Province. Bangkok : Master of Science thesis. Kasetsart University. [in Thai].
Thidarat Supharb. (2005). Awareness of environmental conservation of people in Bang Sai District, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province. Master of Arts Thesis : Kasetsart University. [in Thai].
Thipawan Nuamthong. (2003). DEVELOPMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION TRAINING COURSE FOR REDUCING RISK BEHAVIOR FROM HOSPITAL WASTES ANGTHONG PROVINCE. M.Ed. Thesis : Mahidol University. [in Thai].
Vella, Jane. (1994). Training Though Dialougue. Sanfrncisco : Jossey-Base,
Volk, Trudi L and Cheak, Marie J. (2003). “The Effects of an Environmental Education Program on Students, Parents, and Community”. The Journal of Environmental Education, 34 (3). [in Thai].
Watcharakorn Phuenchot. (2006). Training kit development on the topic of Mangrove forest for students in grade 3 student. M.Ed. Thesis, Srinakharinwirot University, Prasarnmit. [in Thai].
Wibun Bunyatharokul. (2002). Instructor's Guide and Training Manager. Bangkok : Sutthakarn Pim, checkpoint. [in Thai].
Worawut Jerasujarittum. (2010). A Development of Enrichment Curriculum to Promote Youth Leadership Skills in Catholic Vocational Schools. Dissertation, Ed.D. (Educational Administration). Bangkok : Graduate School, Srinakharinwirot University. [in Thai].