Stress Management for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) Patients Based on The Buddha’s Teaching of Mindfulness

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Miss Patcharin Hanwongburana


 This research article, aims to: 1) examine the state of SLE sickness and stress problems in terms of medical science, 2) study the Buddha’s teaching of mindfulness in Theravāda Buddhism, and 3) propose the stress management for the SLE patient’s mindset adjustment based on the Buddha’s teaching of mindfulness; it is qualitative research, it draws on documents, in including The Tipiṭaka, commentaries and sub-commentaries of Pāli Text Society’s English translation series; primary source texts from medical sciences, and Buddhist textbooks, research works and journals, together with in-depth interviews conducted with three groups of key informants total of 12 people: Buddhist scholars/experts, SLE doctors/ Nurses and SLE patients, and a focus group discussion among Buddhist scholars, Vipassana master, meditation teacher, psychologist and Buddhist psychology scholars.

My research findings are as follows:

1) SLE (auto-immune disease) is a chronic autoimmune disease affecting multiple organ systems. When the disease is active, immune responses can cause inflammation in cells which can affect one or many tissues of the human body.  Stress is one of the crucial factors for SLE activation; its medical or biological context is of physical and mental or emotional factors that cause bodily and mental tension                   2) The Buddha’s teaching of mindfulness, the four foundations of mindfulness help mental development, physical improvement and stress reduction.

3) The Buddhist approach to mindfulness and mindfulness practice are proposed as mindful stress management techniques for SLE patients’ mindset adjustment for application in their daily lives.  The Buddha’s teaching of mindfulness plays the most important role for this “stress management”; the key components of it called “Mindful techniques”: Moment in Moment Observation (M), Intelligence (I), Non-Judgement (N), Detachment (D), Forgiveness (F), Understanding Oneself (U), and Live with Love (L), aim to help patients adjust mindset and manage stress:



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How to Cite
Hanwongburana, M. P. (2020). Stress Management for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) Patients Based on The Buddha’s Teaching of Mindfulness. Journal Of International Buddhist Studies College (JIBSC), 6(1), 12-25. Retrieved from
Academic Articles


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In-depth interview
Dr.surawut Prichanond, Vichaiyut Hospital, 3 November 2019.