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This article is to study the historical background of Buddhism in Mon Kingdom and to explore the development of Buddhism in Mon region and to analyze the trend in the development of Buddhism in Mon region in the next decade. Furthermore, it is also supposed to examine the history of Mon people. Buddhism in Mon could have been a major prelude to a history of Buddhism in Myanmar in modern time. The results of the study indicate that nowadays, even the Mon people lost their own country; they observe the Buddha teachings deeply in their heart until the end of the Buddha Sasana. People have often asked what has been the trend in development of Buddhism on the people of Mon region of Myanmar. To really evaluate the effect of Buddhism on the people of Mon, one would have to turn back to its historical emerge of Buddhism in Mon or in Rãmaññadesa. It also would be useful to analyze the historical background of Buddhism in Mon region of Myanmar in the next decade.