A Comparative Analysis of the Water Eco-civilization of the Major Cities in Laos-Based on a Hybrid Evaluation Method
As one of the most important countries along the Mekong River, Laos’ proximity to the river means its great influences, and thereby the water ecological civilization in Laos could be of great importance to the river. Therefore, the quantification and comparison of the water ecological civilization of the major cities in Laos would be beneficial to facilitate those cities to engage more actively. To quantify the water ecological civilization in Laos’ cities, this study utilizes a hybrid evaluation method that consists of entropy method and set-pair method to construct an evaluation indicator system for water ecological civilization of the major cities in Laos. We find that: (1) there are significant differences in water ecological civilization development among the major cities in Laos; (2) the boost of water eco-civilization in Laos should not merely rely on water ecology system, but also the balance improvement of water ecology system, water security system, water management system and water culture system.
Carlino, G. A., Chatterjee, S., & Hunt, R. M. (2007). Urban density and the rate of invention. Journal of Urban Economics, 61(3), 389-419. doi:10.1016/j.jue.2006.08.003
Priscoli, J. D. (2000). Water and civilization: using history to reframe water policy debates and to build a new ecological realism. Water Policy, 1(6), 623-636.
Skulmoski, G. J., Hartman, F. T., & Krahn, J. (2007). The Delphi method for graduate research. Journal of Information Technology Education: Research, 6, 1-21.
Vongpraseuth, T., & Choi, C. G. (2015). Globalization, foreign direct investment, and urban growth management: Policies and conflicts in Vientiane, Laos. Land Use Policy, 42, 790-799.
Zou, Z.-H., Yi, Y., & Sun, J.-N. (2006). Entropy method for determination of weight of evaluating indicators in fuzzy synthetic evaluation for water quality assessment. Journal of Environmental sciences, 18(5), 1020-1023.
Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Research and Development Institute Rajabhat Maha Sarakham University
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.