Thai Food Security under the Convention of UPOV 1991

  • วันเฉลิม จันทรากุล นักศึกษาหลักสูตรปรัชญาดุษฎีบัณฑิต (เศรษฐศาสตร์การเมืองระหว่างประเทศและการพัฒนา) มหาวิทยาลัยรังสิต
Keywords: UPOV1991, food security, farmers rights, breeding, farmers


The purposes of this study were to study the origin of the UPOV 1991 Convention, to study the effects on Thai food security and to discover for appropriate solutions. The results of the study indicated that UPOV 1991 was the agreement to provide a monopoly on new plant species to companies and breeders which confirmed about the factors of production to capitals for exploitation and surplus value to farmers. In terms of effects on Thailand were the effects on seed storage and breeding exchange of small farmers, the effects on biodiversity and food security of agriculturist, the effects on long term of plant monopoly, the effects on difficulty to access to new plant varieties of farmers, the effects on more expensive seeds, and the effects on convenience for large corporations to access to biological resources without benefit sharing causing food and agriculture insecurity and ability to develop the plant bleeding. Lastly, the appropriate solution was the population should publicly dispute in terms of farmer right, biodiversity and food security.


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