The Study for Guidelines for emergency shelter for disaster victims in disaster-prone areas, Thonburi District, Bangkok

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Doungjai Limsaksri
Yanin Rukwongwan


This research aims: 1) to assess the physical condition of the temple area as a temporary shelter for the community; and 2) to study the problem on residential area in the temple area as a temporary shelter for the community. This research paper is qualitative research. The specific group of informants used in the study consisted of 5 abbots from temples in Thonburi District area which has a lot of slum communities. There were Civil temples located near slum communities with risks on emergency disasters and can be reached with the distance less than 1 kilometer. Five temples will be used as case studies of this research including: 1) Bang Sai Kai Temple; 2) Yai Sai Si Suphan Temple; 3) Kantatararam Temple; 4) Santi Tammaram Temple; and 5) Pradittharam Temple. Tools used for collecting data were survey form and structured interview form. The group of informants consisted of abbots. Obtained data were analyzed by using content analysis and the results were reported in the form of descriptive study. 

            The results revealed that: 1) After assessing physical condition of the temple area as a temporary shelter for the community, it was found that these 5 temples used as the case studies of this research had properties that could act as the temporary shelters for the communities compared to minimum international criteria on establishment of temporary shelter; 2) For residential dimension, physical condition of most current residential buildings was the obstacle for becoming temporary shelters.


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