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The article consisted of three objectives: 1) to study the problems regarding the potential of women leaders in volunteering for taking care of the dependent elderly of Sawai subdistrict, Phrang Ku district, Sisaket province; 2) to study the process of developing women leaders in volunteering for taking care of the dependent elderly based on the Buddhist peaceful means; and 3) to develop and present the process of developing women leaders in volunteering for taking care of the dependent elderly of Sawai subdistrict, Phrang Ku district, Sisaket province. This was qualitative research involving documentary research and in-depth interview with 23 persons. The data were analyzed and interpreted for designing and creating a process for the development of women leaders in volunteering. From the study, it was found as follows:
- The problems of women leaders in volunteering for taking care of the dependent elderly were caused by physical and mental conditions that were easily sensitive, not strong and lack of self-confidence. As well as the social factor which was the lack of social acceptance.
- The process of developing women leaders in volunteering for taking care of the dependent elderly employed the four-step quality improvement principle consisting: Plan (determining the causes of the problems), Do (following the plan), Check (examining for any mistake or error), Act (accepting the change). As well as the application of the Buddhist peaceful means, namely, the Four Bases of Social Solidarity (Saṅgahavatthu) comprising:
1) Dāna referred to giving, sacrificing, and helping; 2) Piyavācā referred to kindly speech;
3) Atthacariyā referred to useful conduct by helping others; and 4) Samānattatā referred to behaving consistently friendly and like a good friend (Kalyāṇamitta).
- The presentation of the process of developing women leaders in volunteering, it was found that the Buddhist peaceful means, namely, the Four Bases of Social Solidarity (Saṅgahavatthu) had the results upon the women leaders as follows: the development of mutual feelings and the strengthening of the mind, learning to be the giver, being cheerful and smiley, having polite speech and behaving properly. All these led to the improvement of the work process, brainstorming, the building of consciousness, the implementation of work as well as the sharing of responsibility with mindfulness as a base.
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