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The objectives of this research article are to (1) study the current conditions and problems of villages, monasteries and schools in Bang Kho Laem, (2) study a model for the development of villages, monasteries and schools for promoting peaceful communities in Bang Kho Laem, and (3) develop and present a model for the development of villages, monasteries and schools for promoting peaceful communities in Bang Kho Laem. The research is qualitative by documentary and experimental studies with an in-depth interview of 4 groups of key informants, totaling 28 monks/people, an academic group of 7 experts’ discussion, and an experiment with 3 village communities, 3 monasteries and 3 schools, totaling 9 monks and people.
The research findings are: 1) for the current conditions and problems of villages, monasteries and schools to promote peaceful communities, there are changes according to times; hence, problems are found in many aspects, i.e. economics, society, politics, environment, and the obstacle is the participation among village, monastery and school; 2) a model for the development of villages, monasteries and schools for promoting peaceful communities consists of the principles of Loving-kindness (Mettā), Right Conduct (Sucarita), Reverence for the Dhamma (Dhamma-gāravatā), and Truthfulness (Sacca), the Dhammas those brought to support include the Four Kinds of Development (Bhāvanā), the Four Bases of Social Solidarity (Saṅgahavatthu), the Four Sublime States of Mind (Brahmavihāra), the Six Stages of Conciliation (Sāraṇīyadhamma), the Seven Conditions of Welfare (Aparihāniyadhamma) and the Seven Beneficial Conditions (Sappāya) integrating with the modern sciences of the 5C and sufficiency economy; and 3) in developing and presenting a model for the development of villages, monasteries and schools, it is proceeded by relationship-building activities driven by various projects into villages, monasteries, and schools, and putting Bhāvanā as the framework to develop the 4 aspects to up-lift the level of being volunteers aiming to the target of promoting peaceful communities.
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