Development of Handwoven Pa Kao Ma Patterns to Enhance Community Economy of Roi Et Province

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Thanida Laemchalad
Kosit Phaengsoi


This article aimed to study the problems of handwoven Pa Kao Ma patterns in Roi Et communities in order to develop new handwoven Pa Kao Ma Patterns and to enhance the community economy of Roi Et. The samples were four Pa Kao Ma weaving communities in Roi Et, Consisting of Ban Nongkhwao, Ban Non Samran in Mueang district, Ban Kwang Yai and Ban Wai Lum in Thungkhaoluang district. The document and data were collected through survey, interview, observation, group discussion and workshop.

The Findings could be summarized as follows; 1) Some problems had involved with the current handwoven Pa Kao Ma patterns in Roi Et namely (1) the pattern looked the same as or similar to many products by other communities and no new patterns have been developed (2) the pattern did not be the represent the local identities which indicated self, community or ethnicity (3) some weavers were not able to intricate Khit patterns of their ancestral Pa Kao Ma (4) the pattern could not attract the younger generation to be interested in handwoven Pa Kao Ma (5) the pattern has been gradually disappearing, along with the senior weavers who have not been successful and (6) the communities lack the knowledge or new ideas to change the way of thinking for developing of new patterns. 2) The development of handwoven Pa Kao Ma patterns to enhance the community economy of Roi Et was achieved through collaborative work processes among members of the four communities, experts on fabric pattern design, and the researcher acting as a coordinator. The research outputs are eleven new handwoven Pa Kao Ma patterns that could be further developed.


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Laemchalad, T., & Phaengsoi, K. (2020). Development of Handwoven Pa Kao Ma Patterns to Enhance Community Economy of Roi Et Province. Journal of MCU Peace Studies, 8(3), 1166-1182. Retrieved from
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