Main Article Content
This qualitative research aims 1) to study relationship of context between Thai-Lao in Mekong River Sub-Region’s cultural context, 2) to examine educational cooperation under ASEAN’s education policy between Thailand and Lao, and 3) to study educational cooperation through Twin Schools between Thailand and Lao PDR according to the cross countries knowledge sharing process. It was conducted through documentary and field work. The 52 key informants included local administrators, schools’ directors, teachers, students, parents and other relevant educational personnel were selected by Purposive Selection method with criteria based on expertise and experiences and snowball sampling technique. The data were collected by interview and observation and analyzed by inductive method.
The research findings were as follows.
- Thai-Lao relational context of the cultural dimension in both sides of the Mekong River: the context showed close relations and ethnic ties. If ‘being Laos’ was viewed beyond being different in the nation-state, one could find that the residents of both sides of the Mekong River shared common beliefs and traditions. To put it another way, a majority of the residents were Buddhists and they still practiced long-held traditions or what was locally known as “Heet Sip Song, Kong Sip Si”.
- The Thai-Lao relationship could be categorized as the kinship or “blood relations” which have been passed on since the times of Lanxang and Ayuttaya Empires.
During the colonial period, the diplomatic relations were established between the two neighboring countries. The two sides of the Mekong River had exchanged the mutual official visits. The relationship was developed through the centers and development projects.
- The educational cooperation between Thailand and Laos under research began from personal relationship. The guidelines to strengthen the twin schools were as follows: Establishing The MOU , Conducting the mutual relationship activity, Organizing the Promotion of mutual understanding on language and cultural learning, Conducting of project of development of teachers and students, and Expanding the network relations.
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