Human Behaviors in Promoting Balance of Family according to Buddhist Psychology

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Sanu Mahatthanadull
Sarita Mahatthanadull

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This paper presents the qualitative research which consists of two objectives, namely:- 1) To examine the concept of balance of family in Buddhism and the theory of family behavior in Psychology, and 2) To suggest human behaviors in promoting balance of Family according to Buddhist Psychology. The data were collected and analyzed together with the in-depth interviews were carried out with 7 key-informants. The findings show balance of family implies a group of persons who live together in relationships consisting either of spouse or parents and child. Family members adopt a similar pattern of Buddhist virtuous behavior existing in equal and mutually beneficial amounts that result in a happy, good and balance relationship. Firstly, a Spouse family without children both needs to have (1) qualities of the virtues for the laity (gharavāsadhamma), (2) equitable (samajīvidhamma), (3) endowing with self-responsibilities as suggested in the Sīgālovāda Sutta, as well as (4) living together as deity spouse instead of ghost. Secondly, Parents and Children should reciprocally share the common Buddhist practices, such as (1) filial piety (kataññūkataveditā), and (2) self-responsibilities as in Sīgālovāda Sutta. However, the theories in psychology described relationships, beliefs, behaviors and equilibrium of the family. In addition, the fivefold supportive behavior is a key to promote the sustainable balance of family according to Buddhist Psychology. They are: Emotional, Esteem, Social Network, Tangible, and Informational support.

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