Article A Morphological Study of The KACHINES Dialect Spoken in Myanmar


  • Padita Master of Arts in Linguistics, Graduate School, Mahachulalongkornrajavid yalaya University
  • Preecha Khanetnok Faculty of Humanities, Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University
  • Sakchai Posai Faculty of Humanities, Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University


Morphological Study, Kachinese Dialect, Myanmar


This research wants to discover a morphology study of the Kachinese dialct spoken in Northern Myanmar. This thesis objectives were 1) to study the morpheme of Kachinese dialect 2) to analyse the word-formation of Kachinese dialect and 3) to analyse the word-class of Kachinese dialect. The researcher was studied documentary method and on online interview. The researcher interviewed five key informants’ people who were born at Myitkyina in Kachin state in union of Myanmar. The researcher made interview on online voice record. There were simple forms and compound forms, and they can be classified based on Kachinese dialect. In Kachinese dialect, morpheme refers to monomorphemic forms, polymorphemic forms, composite forms, prefix-derived forms, infixed- derived forms and suffix-derived forms.

           The Kachinese dialect spoken at Kachin state in northern Myanmar. There were simple forms and compound forms, and they can be classified based on Kachinese dialect feature the morpheme refers to study of monomorphemic and polymorphemic forms such as composite forms, prefix- derived forms, suffix-derived forms and reduplicated forms. The compound word of Kachinese dialect was divided into three main types; nominalization compound, class term compound and word class compound.

The word-formation of Kachinese dialect spoken in Myitkyina province is the creation of a new word which is a change in single word’s meaning. Kurabe, Keita ILCAA and André Müller has written about the Kachinese spoken language "MA thesis and PhD thesis books" the word - formation which are regular of Kachinese vocabularies in Kachinese to Burmese language. Generally, word formation of Kachinese language is a way of creating new words, which has several procedures such as compounding, affixation, nominalization, conversion, clipping, blending, and acronym. The researcher will focus on compounding, affixation and nominalization only. In this the word-formation, compound noun was grouped from original words, which were changed the meaning to more abstract but maintain some parts of those primitive word meaning. For example: /kȃshaﺎ/‘girl’ /num/-kȃshaﺎ/ ‘daughter.’ The word 'kȃshaﺎ/support its meaning, which has a concept of human, but when it was compounded with /dinghku-/family / and /ah nuﺎ/‘mother’ their meanings have changed to the occupation by the word relation in the equivalent level. For compound noun that change a whole meaning such as /ntaﺎ/house’, it will be kept in the lexicon.

Nominalization is a process of forming noun from some other word classes. For example, forming from verb to noun the affixation is constructed by adding a prefix word of compound, syllable extended the meaning of same in brief words usage. The word-classes of Kachinese dialect as a part of speech that are considered to be noun, pronoun, adjectives, numerals, verbs, adverb, prepositions, and final particles. Results studies can be carried out on such aspects to get a better understanding of the meaning and morphology of the Kachinese languages.


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How to Cite

Padita, Khanetnok, P., & Posai, S. (2022). Article A Morphological Study of The KACHINES Dialect Spoken in Myanmar. Journal of MCU Humanities Review, 8(2), 411–424. Retrieved from