A Study of Myanmar Students’ Motivation for Learning English at Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University
Keywords:Motivation, Learning English, Students
The purpose of this study was to investigate the patterns of Myanmar students’ motivation for learning process in English language at Mahachulalongkorn rajavidyalaya University. The research examined the patterns of students’ motivation in terms of two motivational constructions which were instrumental motivation and integrative motivation. This research method in the study was both quantitative and qualitative methods. The numbers of 139 samples were selected out of 218 only Myanmar students. The participants in this study were randomly selected: 139 participants including 70 first-year Myanmar students who were Bachelor of Arts, and Master of Arts in academic year 2019-2020, and 69 second-year Myanmar students who were Bachelor of Arts, and Master of Arts, the faculty of Buddhism, Humanities, and IBSC in academic year 2019-2020 at Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University. The data were analyzed by using Statistical Package for the Humanities for Windows, and presented in descriptive statistics for percentage, mean score and standard deviation and content analysis method.
The results revealed that Myanmar students had higher level instrumental motivation than integrative motivation in learning process in English language at Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University. Moreover, there were many reasons why Myanmar students study many subjects, such as the English language at Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University. Many respondents had problems for learning process in English language at Buddhist Universities in Myanmar, such as the educational policies, traditional teaching methods. Especially, educational policies were not connected and collaborated each other Buddhist Universities in Myanmar. The results of interviews revealed from the situations of Myanmar students’ motivation in learning process in English language. Interestingly, the majority of Myanmar students showed their preference to study many subjects, such as the English language at Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University than at Buddhist Universities in Myanmar. Finally, the research findings could contribute to develop learning process in English language and to be international standard of university at Buddhist Universities in Myanmar.
Chunmei Long, Zhu Ming and Liping Chen. (2013). The Study of Student Motivation on English Learning in Junior Middle School-A Case Study of No.5 Middle School in Gejiu'. International Journal of Canadian Center of Science and Education, 6 (9), 136-137.
Chalermnirundorn, Nipaporn. (2002). Motivation and Language Learning Among Thai Students. Bangkok, Thailand: Assumption University of Thailand.
Guerrero, Mario. (2015). Motivation in Second Language Learning. United Kingdom: University of Leicester.
Ghusoon, Mahdi Mahlool. (2009). Learner’s Integrative Motivation to Language Learning and Literary content Based Instruction. Journal of Oadisiya University, 12(2), 28.
Liu, Hui-Ju. (2015). Learner Autonomy: The Role of Motivation in Foreign Language Learning. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 6(6), 1165.
Oroujlou, Nasser & Dr. Vabedi Majid. (2011). Motivation, Attitude, and Language Learning. Tehran, Lran Artesh Hwy: Payame Noor University.
Plt Off, Marut Rodboon. (2014). Motivation for Enrolling in an English Language Tutorial School. Bangkok: Thammasat University.
Saville Troike. (2006). Introducing Second Language acquisition. New York: Cambridge University.
Vibulphol, Jutarat. (2015). Students’ Motivation and Learning and Teachers’ Motivational Strategies in English Classrooms in Thailand. Bangkok: Chulalongkorm University.
Wang, Yuhuan & Huang, Fang. (2013). Analysis of Learning Motivation in Foreign Language Acquisition. International Conference on the Modern Development of Humanities and Social Science (MDHSS), 1(1), 159.
Yusoff, Mohd hafiz & Yacod, Azliza. (2015). Influence of Gamification on Students’ Motivation in using E-learning Applications Based on the Motivational Design Model. Malaysia: TA TI University.