Legal Measures for the Prevention and Suppression of Corruption In Public Universities

Main Article Content

บุญเลิศ โพธิ์ขำ

Abstract

The purposes of this research were: 1) to study principles and theories of legal measures for the prevention and suppression of corruption, forms of corruption, and legal measures for the prevention and suppression of corruption, and 2) to propose the suggestions and legal measures to prevent and suppress the corruption in public universities. The sample of this research were 150 people using purposive sampling consist of 10 entrepreneurs who dealt with Nakhon Phanom Universtiy, 40 students from Nakhon Phanom Universtiy, 10 executives of Nakhon Phanom Universtiy, 40 lecturers in Nakhon Phanom Universtiy, and 40 operating staff in Nakhon Phanom University. This research was a qualitative descriptive study. The instruments of this research were in-depth interview and focus group discussion using descriptive statistic to analyze the data. The study found that the corruption problem in Thai society dramatically increased. The corruption was found in an entire process, for example, a project proposal, procurement system, the interest between the authority and the familiar person, laws circumvention, dividing a contract, bid rigging, delivering low standard goods, Ineffective checking, usualness of gift acceptance, appointment of the associate, and committing a crime under the section 157 of the Criminal Code. The forms of the corruption are: 1) the responsible officers in the university commit a crime under section 157 of the Criminal Code providing about dishonestly exercising or omitting to exercise, 2) using the university legal entity for cronyism, 3) the internal audit system lacks of efficiency and the interested staff lacks of the knowledge and understanding of the checking, 4) the punishment system was not frightened for the culprit due to the inefficiency of audit system, 5) the corruption in university connected to the private sector, the political sector and the government sector, and 6) The basis problem of the corruption was the attitude of the people in the society. The attitude, culture, and the strength of moral in the society reflected the corruption problems in Thai society. The proposal for suggestions and legal measures to prevent and suppress the corruption in public universities is based on the principles of good governance which consisted of the effectiveness, the rule of law, the equity, and the consensus oriented guiding the proposal for suggestions and legal measures to prevent and suppress the corruption in public universities in order to completely eliminate the corruption.  

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บทความวิจัย (Research article)

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