Main Article Content
The purposes of this research were: 1) to study principles and theories of legal measures for the prevention and suppression of corruption, forms of corruption, and legal measures for the prevention and suppression of corruption, and 2) to propose the suggestions and legal measures to prevent and suppress the corruption in public universities. The sample of this research were 150 people using purposive sampling consist of 10 entrepreneurs who dealt with Nakhon Phanom Universtiy, 40 students from Nakhon Phanom Universtiy, 10 executives of Nakhon Phanom Universtiy, 40 lecturers in Nakhon Phanom Universtiy, and 40 operating staff in Nakhon Phanom University. This research was a qualitative descriptive study. The instruments of this research were in-depth interview and focus group discussion using descriptive statistic to analyze the data. The study found that the corruption problem in Thai society dramatically increased. The corruption was found in an entire process, for example, a project proposal, procurement system, the interest between the authority and the familiar person, laws circumvention, dividing a contract, bid rigging, delivering low standard goods, Ineffective checking, usualness of gift acceptance, appointment of the associate, and committing a crime under the section 157 of the Criminal Code. The forms of the corruption are: 1) the responsible officers in the university commit a crime under section 157 of the Criminal Code providing about dishonestly exercising or omitting to exercise, 2) using the university legal entity for cronyism, 3) the internal audit system lacks of efficiency and the interested staff lacks of the knowledge and understanding of the checking, 4) the punishment system was not frightened for the culprit due to the inefficiency of audit system, 5) the corruption in university connected to the private sector, the political sector and the government sector, and 6) The basis problem of the corruption was the attitude of the people in the society. The attitude, culture, and the strength of moral in the society reflected the corruption problems in Thai society. The proposal for suggestions and legal measures to prevent and suppress the corruption in public universities is based on the principles of good governance which consisted of the effectiveness, the rule of law, the equity, and the consensus oriented guiding the proposal for suggestions and legal measures to prevent and suppress the corruption in public universities in order to completely eliminate the corruption.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
[Causes of corruption problems and solutions in government agencies] Bangkok : Royal Thai Army
Apaipak,P. (2018). nǣothāng kān pō̜ngkan læ prāpprām kān thutčharit khō̜rapchan nai nūaingān phāk rat [Guidelines for the prevention and suppression of corruption in government agencies] Bangkok : Mahamakut Wittayalai University.
BBC News. (2019). ō̜rapchan : ʻandap khwām prōngsai Thai pī 2019rūang thang radap lōk læ ʻĀsīan [Corruption: Thailand Transparency Rankings 2019, falling both globally and ASEAN] Retrieved September 18, 2021, from http://www.bbc.com/thai/thailand-51217494
Chareonwongsak,K. (2006). konlamet det pīk khō̜ rap chan [Great trick on the wings of corruption]
Bangkok : Success Media Company Limited.
Chiangkul,W. (2006). ǣothāng prāp khō̜rapchan yāng dai phon : prīapthīap Thai kap prathēt ʻư̄n [Effective anti-corruption approach: comparing Thailand with other countries] Bangkok: Sai Than.
Pattamontri,U. (2015). kāntrūatsō̜p phāinai thī thansamai [Modern internal audits] Bangkok: Chamchuri Product.
Phiriyarangsan,S and Pongpaijit,P. (1994). ō̜rapchan kap prachāthipatai Thai [Corruption and Thai Democracy] Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University.
Phiriyarangsan,S. (2006). kān khō̜rapchan bǣp betset [Total corruption] Bangkok: Ruam Duai Chuai Gan.
Photiphirun,W. (2020). rātchakān Thai rai khō̜rapchan : kānsamrūat khwāmkhithen khō̜ng čhaonāthī rat tō̜ kānčhǣng bo̜sǣ kān thutčharit [The Thai Government without Corruption : Opinion Survey of Government Officials on Corruption Whistleblowing] Bangkok : Office of the Science Promotion Board. Research and innovation.
Phuangngam,K.(2007). songsœ̄m kānmī sūanrūam khō̜ng prachāchon nai kārok ra čhā yaʻam nā čhō̜ tām
ratthammanūn [Promote people's participation in the decentralization of power under the
Constitution] Bangkok : Mr. Copy Printing House.
Ratthaamrit,U. (2001). kānkǣkhai panhā kān thutčharit nai rabop kānmư̄ang læ wong rātchakān Thai [Solving the problem of corruption in the Thai political and bureaucratic system] Bangkok: The secretariat of the house of representatives.
Ratthaamrit,U. (2003). kānkǣkhai panhā kān thutčharit nai rabop kānmư̄ang læ wong rātchakān Thai [ Solving the problem of corruption in the Thai political and bureaucratic system] Bangkok: The secretariat of the house of representatives.
Sattarat,K. (2021).kān thutčharit khō̜rapchan læ patčhai thī song phon tō̜ kān thutčharit khō̜rapchan nai ʻongkō̜n phāk rat [Corruption patterns and Factors affecting Corruption in government organizations] Bangkok: Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University.
Sereerangsan,T. (2010).nakkānmư̄ang Thai : čhariyatham phonprayōt thapsō̜n kān khō̜rapchan : saphāp panhā sāhēt phonkrathop nǣothāng kǣkhai [Thai Politicians: Ethics, Conflicts of Interest Corruption: Problems,Causes, Effects, Solutions] Bangkok: Sai Than.
Uwanno,B. (1999). kānsāng thammāphibān nai sangkhom Thai [Building good governance in Thai society] Bangkok: Winyuchon.
Wasee,P. (2003). thammāphibān kap khō̜rapchan nai sangkhom Thai rabīap wāra hǣng chāt patirūp sangkhom Thai nai Chaiwat surawichai [Good Governance against Corruption in Thai Society, “National Agenda to Reform Thai Society”, Chaiwat Surawichai] Bangkok: Mpth.
Wasee,P. (2004). rao čha pō̜ngkan kǣkhai panhā kān thutčharit khō̜rapchan nai yuk patirūp kan yāngrai [We’re going to prevent and solve the problem of corruption in the reform era by what method] Bangkok: Civil Service Association of Thailand.