An assessment An Assessment Model for Water Resource Management in the Lower Mekong Basin, The Lao People’s Democratic Republic -

Main Article Content

อนุชา เพียรชนะ

Abstract

The objective of this research is to evaluate the model of water resources management in the Southern Mekong Basin. There are 3 phases of research as follows: 1) Study economic, social, knowledge and needs in conserving natural resources, the environment, and participation at the household and workplace levels. The sample consisted of 194 people living in Pakse and 47 entrepreneurs in Pakse, totaling 241 people. 2) Develop the model of water resources management in the South Mekong Basin. Target groups are the Phon Kung village committee and Baan Lak Mueang, consisting of 46 people and representatives from the government agencies in Pakse, 18 agencies and 3) Assessment of water resource management model in the Southern Mekong River Basin. The target group are 30 representatives from Mueang Phon Thong District and 19 experts in water resources management. The research instruments are questionnaires, interview forms, group discussions and evaluation form. The statistics used for data analysis were percentage, mean, standard deviation and content analysis. The results show that in phase 1, Socioeconomic conditions, the sample group has an average household income of 201,151 baht / year and expenditures at the household level 122,714 baht/year, indicating that the overall economic conditions are good. Most of the respondents do not have debts. Social conditions of the respondents would obey the leaders and follow with government policies. When measuring knowledge needs and participation in the management of water resources in the Southern Mekong Basin Lao People's Democratic Republic found at moderate level (  X= 1.69, S.D. = 0.70). Phase 2: The development of a participatory water resource management model consists of 6 components : 1) principle, 2) objective, 3) system and mechanism, 4) management process, 5) evaluation and 6) success conditions. Phase 3 model evaluation results were found the management model was appropriate at a high level ( X = 3.53, S.D. = 0.89). The overall expert model assessment was found to be appropriate and feasible to a high level ( X= 3.69, S.D. = 0.76). In conclusion, an appropriate model for resource management in the Southern Mekong River Basin in Laos PDR must consist of 6 components for the study results to lead concrete practice and environment of champasak province. To propose to the district meeting and the party in the next step. And to determine the policy of the party in the water resource management of lower Mekong Basin.

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บทความวิจัย (Research article)

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