Satirical Short Stories in the Short Story Collections of “Krung Rak Krung Krai” and “Yib Ngao Ma Chak Ngao” by Sujit Wongted and Khanchai Boonparn


  • Pichamon Wannachat คณะมนุษยศาสตร์และสังคมศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยสงขลานครินทร์ วิทยาเขตปัตตานี
  • Supaporn Chanthong


behavior, satire, short story, social context


This research article aimed to explore satirical short stories of Sujit Wongted and Khanchai Boonparn in the two short story collections titled “Krung Rak Krung Krai” and “Yib Ngao Ma Chak Ngao”. Findings revealed that domestic and non-domestic social contexts are relevant to the writings as information sources. Two prominent domestic events included the coup staged by Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat and a modification to his administration’s economic development plan. A noteworthy non-domestic event was the Vietnam War (a.k.a., the Indochina War). The aims were to satirically depict flawed behaviors of individuals sharing their social circles while possibly inflicting embarrassment, anger, or psychological pain to them. There were two primary categories of individuals mentioned in these  stories: 1. Bangkok residents for being excessively individualistic, neglecting others in their social circles, nation, and other nations, and showing moral and ethical declination assumingly caused by the changed national administration policy towards materialism where nobility was measured by modernity; and 2. civil servants, premier, and politicians mentioned in the stories through six main writing techniques: 1) invective with mocking and provoking tones, 2) figure of speech through similes, metaphors, personification and symbols, 3) dramatic irony and verbal irony, 4) irony through title naming, character naming and questions, 5) using idioms and 6) using imagery. The point of the satires was the authors’ expectations for behavioral changes of those mentioned in the stories who shared their social circles.


Bamroongthai, W. (2008). Plaeng – yao wa – seadsee Praya Mahathep (Tong–pan): The successful methods of creative satire. Journal of Humanities Naresuan University. 5(1), 29 – 46. [in Thai]

Chiangkul, P. (2003). Thai politics in the period of Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat (1958 – 1963): Thai democracy. Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 29(2), 11 – 22.

Chitchamnong, D. (1998). Thai Literary Criticism 1957 – 1982. In Phisit Sornsawat (Ed.), Tor Mai Nai Sai Nam 200 Years of Thai Literary Criticism (2nd ed., pp. 218 – 291). Praphansarn. [in Thai]

______________. (2004). Power of Criticism: Literature. Praphansarn. [in Thai]

Grand prix. (2020). th-lexitron/grand-prix.

Modern Thai Dictionary. (2000). SE-EDUCATION.

Pattha, P. (2007). The Impact of American bases on Socio – Economic condition of Udornthani, A.D. 1962 – 1977. [Master’s thesis]. Silpakorn University.

Prasannam, N. (2005). Thai satiric short stories during 1992 – 2002: a study of themes and techniques. [Master’s thesis]. Chulalongkorn University.

Samranin, C., Boonprasert, P., & Leesattrupai, C. (2014). Strategies Satiric in Programme“CHOKHAOTUEN” /conference2014/proceedings/data/3401/3401-4.pdf

See which way the wind is blowing. (2021, March).ความหมายสำนวน see-which-way-the-wind-is-blowing/

Sudchai, C. (1986). Thailand’s economic development policy during the Sarit government; 1958 – 1963. [Unpublished master’s thesis]. Silpakorn University. [in Thai]

Supanwanid, I. (2005). Review of Thai short stories. Thai department Faculty of Arts Chulalongkorn University. [in Thai]

Suphaphong, S. (2004). Satirical Techniques in His Excellency M.R. Kukrit Pramote’s Short Stories. [Unpublished master’s thesis]. Mahasarakham University. [in Thai]

Wirawong, S. et al. (2011). Modern Thai poetry: Analysis and Thesis. Sayam. [in Thai]

Wongthes, S., & Boonparn, K. (1974). Hvib Ngea Ma Chak Ngea. Praphansarn. [in Thai]

______. (2011). Khrung Rak Khrung Khir. 4th ed. Praphansarn. [in Thai]

The Royal Institute. (2013). Royal Institute Dictionary 2011. (2nd ed). Nanmeebooks Publications CO., LTD. [in Thai]




How to Cite

Wannachat, P. ., & Chanthong, S. . . (2021). Satirical Short Stories in the Short Story Collections of “Krung Rak Krung Krai” and “Yib Ngao Ma Chak Ngao” by Sujit Wongted and Khanchai Boonparn . Journal of Liberal Arts Prince of Songkla University, 13(1), 145–187. Retrieved from