การพัฒนาศิลปะการแสดงจากประเพณีการแข่งขันเรือยาวบ้านจานเตยตำบลทุ่งกุลา อำเภอสุวรรณภูมิ จังหวัดร้อยเอ็ด

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อัจฉรา สุทธิสนธ์
คนึงนิตย์ ไสยโสภณ
อัชราพร สุขทอง

Abstract

The purposes of this qualitative research were; 1) to study historical background, components, roles, and values of the long-boat racing tradition of Ban Chantoei in Thungkula sub-district, Suwannaphum district, Roi-et province and 2) to develop the performing arts based on the long-boat racing tradition of Ban Chantoei in Thungkula sub-district, Suwannaphum district, Roi-et province. The data were collected through documentary studies, field studies, participatory observation, and in-depth interviews. The key informants of this study were experts, practitioners, and general people who are living at Ban Chantoei in Thungkula sub-district, Suwannaphum district, Roi-et province. The collected data were analyzed and findings are presented descriptively. The results of the study found that;


  1. The long-boat racing tradition of Ban Chantoei has been held for a long time as a worship ceremony to the God of Harbor or the guardian spirit known as “Chaopho-Wang-Uparat”. People believe that there will be rain according to the season after the worship ceremony. Furthermore, they also believe that the guarding spirit will protect people to live happily and reputedly. The worship ceremony begins by providing a shrine and offering a sacrifice to the spirit of Nang Ta-khian to ask for a permission to cut down a Hopea odorata tree to make a boat. The Baisi-Sukhwan ceremony is held for the luck before the boat competition. Then, rituals for boat decoration, teacher worship, sacred offerings, and worship for the Goddess of boat (known as “Mae Ya Nang”) will be held respectively. After the holy rituals, there will be a long boat competition. The long-boat racing tradition of Ban Chantoei leads to a unity of people in a community. In term of economy, incomes are generated from the event and tourism. However, the interaction of people within a community begins to disappear gradually since there is a conflict of interest generated from the long-boat racing tradition.

  2. The performing arts is developed based on the long-boat racing tradition of Ban Chantoei. The melody of the show is developed from “Lai Suang-Hua melody” where music instruments are wind instruments of the lower-Isan and the Pong Lang band. Performers will dress colorfully to represent the joy of the tradition. Silver ornaments will be used as a decoration.  The performing equipment consists of a Baisi offering dish, a paddle, a bowl of holy thread, and a bowl of candles and joss sticks. Finally, there are 14 dance patterns are designed and developed based on the long-boat racing tradition of Ban Chantoei.    

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บทความวิจัย (Research Articles)