วรรณกรรมเพลงพื้นบ้านกันตรึม: กรณีศึกษาการเปลี่ยนแปลงที่สัมพันธ์กับสังคมและวัฒนธรรมของกลุ่มชาติพันธุ์ไทยเขมรตามแนวบริเวณชายแดนไทย-กัมพูชา

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คนึงนิตย์ ไสยโสภณ
ประทีป แขรัมย์

Abstract

The objectives of this qualitative research were; 1) to study physical changes of Kuntruem song Litterateur and 2) to study changes of Kuntruem song owing to social and cultural dimensions. The data had been collected through a documentary study and a field-trip study. The collected data had been analyzed basing on the principle of folkloristics. The results of this study found that:


  1. The Kantruem song is influenced by Cambodian culture. Traditionally, it is used to perform as a part of the JoleMamuad ritual. However, it is also used to perform for entertaining purposes nowadays. The song’s title is from a sound of drum. According to its physical changes, the study showed that the traditional Kuntruem has been developed to be a modern Kuntruem or Kuntruem rock by mixing the northern Khmer dialect with other Thai dialects, standard Thai, and foreign languages. The prosodies of Kuntruem song are based on patterns of Thai country song, Morlam, and string. The content of Kuntruem song reflects people’s ways of life, society, culture, and technology which is popular during that time. The melody of Kuntruem song is an integration of Thai country style, Morlam style, and string style. Musical instruments consist of universal musical instruments and traditional musical instruments where the Kuntruem fiddle is used as a main musical instrument. The performers of Kuntruem comprise of musicians, singers, and dancers. The performers are wearing traditional dresses, international suits, and short or long evening gowns which is similar to a dressing of Thai country singer while the dancers are dressing alike the dancers in Thai country band or Morlam band. The performing stage is made from a disassembled steel frame.

  2. According to changes of Kuntruem song owing to social and cultural dimensions, the study revealed that the cross-social interaction, the advancement in communication technology, the cultural influx, and the economic changes are factors influenced the changes of Kantruem song. The early-mentioned changes make the Kuntruem song to be popular among various group of people. It also increases more incomes to the Kuntruem performers and the musical businesses. Further, this also makes the Kuntruem performers and the musical businesses to assemble as a group to help and take care each other. Most importantly, such the phenomena help the Kuntruem song to be conserved, inherited, revived, and developed for the sustainable persistence of Kuntruem song, finally.

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บทความวิจัย (Research Articles)