A Study in Methods for Administering and Developing Koh Samui

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Somkit Lertpaithoon
Thira Jearsiripongkul
Supasawad Chardchawarn


Koh Samui is an important tourist destination which has provided a significant income for Thailand each year. However, a rapid growth in its economy and tourism and expansion of local community have affected the provision of public services, management of environment, and way of life of local people. This calls for a thorough study on the problems which have arisen from these impacts in order to find urgent solutions with an involvement of all stakeholders. The local authority, which consists of representatives of the local people, should be the main mechanism to tackle the problems effectively and appropriately in accordance with the island geography, customs, and the needs of its local people in order to facilitate its economic growth and development in a balanced and sustainable manner. This study reveals that the major problems arising in Koh Samui comprise: (1) problems concerning local administration which includes a problem of the structure and functions of Koh Samui Municipality, a budgetary problem, and a problem of coordination and integration with related local authorities; and (2) problems concerning the environment, community, and infrastructure, which include damage of natural resources, garbage, the urban development with the underestimation of social dimensions, losing local identity, overpopulation, unsustainable tourism, infrastructure, electricity management, water shortage, transport system and public health service. The developing of Koh Samui has been carried out by the reform of local administration by giving it a special status and form entitled “Nakhon Samui (Samui Metropolitan)”, zoning its administrative areas, broadening its functions and authority to provide public services, reforming revenue
management, reforming supervising systems as well as solving the problems concerning the environment, community and infrastructure, in accordance with the strategy to develop Nakhon Samui into a developed city in 4
dimensions, prospered city, environmental-friendly city, diversified city and safe city


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Lertpaithoon, . S. ., Jearsiripongkul, T. ., & Chardchawarn, S. . (2019). A Study in Methods for Administering and Developing Koh Samui. Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Suratthani Rajabhat University, 11(2), 1–55. Retrieved from https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jhsc/article/view/187070
Research Article
Author Biography

Somkit Lertpaithoon, Thammasat University

Prof. Dr.Somkit Lertpaithoon 

Faculty of Law , Thammasat University


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Sub - committee on Public Participation and Transfer of Power to Special Local Authorities, Committee on Local Administration, National

Assembly. (2016). Summary Report on Problems of Koh Samui. Bangkok: Secretariat of the Senate. (In Thai)

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Thongchai Wongchaisuwan and others. (2005). The Development of the Structure of Regional Administration. Bangkok: Office of the Public Sector Development Commission. (In Thai)

Somkit Lertpaithoon and others. (2003). A Study in Problems with Improving the Form of Administration and Development of Koh Samui. Bangkok: Department of Local Adminstration. (In Thai)


Ramnert Jaikhang (Interviewee) Pimchat Rossuthum and Punika Apirakkaisorn (Interviewer). Kohsamuimunicipality kohsamui district, Suratthani province. On 11th January 2018.