The Effects of Hybrid-Music Therapy Intervention on Attention Skills in a Child with Autism with Spectrum Disorder: A Single – Case Study


  • Preabkaew Sukumalchantra College of Music, Mahidol University
  • Ni-on Tayrattanachai College of Music, Mahidol University
  • Natee Chiengchana College of Music, Mahidol University


Hybrid-Music Therapy , Attention Skills, Autism Spectrum Disorder


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of hybrid-music therapy intervention on attention skills in a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study employed an ABAB single-case design. Participants were the five-year-old boy with autism and his parents. He received music therapy activities both onsite and online for a total of eight times. Music therapy activities consisted of singing, playing musical instruments, movement according to music and playing music-related games. The tools that were used in this study were the Music Therapy Individual Assessment Scale (IMTAP) on attention skills and parents interview form. Attention skills data were analyzed by visual analysis and interview data were analyzed by inductive analysis for qualitative data. The results showed that the mean scores of attention skills were 44 during the baseline phase (A1). Later in the music therapy activities phase (B1) the mean score increased to 92. Then when the attention skills data were collected in the baseline phase (A2) again, the mean score of attention skills decreased by 61 and increased to 94 in the music therapy activities phase (B2). The results concluded that hybrid-music therapy interventions were effective for promoting attention skills in children with autism.


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How to Cite

Sukumalchantra, P. ., Tayrattanachai , N.- on ., & Chiengchana, N. (2024). The Effects of Hybrid-Music Therapy Intervention on Attention Skills in a Child with Autism with Spectrum Disorder: A Single – Case Study. Journal Of Ratchasuda Institute for Research and Development of Persons With Disabilities, 20(1), 76–92. Retrieved from