Developing Thai-language open educational resources: Problems and policy recommendations

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Jaruwan Ngamman

Abstract

This paper provides guidelines for developing Thai-language Open Education Resources (OER) in Mathematics and Science for Basic Education in Thailand and analyzes key challenges faced during this process. In-depth interviews were conducted with the heads of relevant agencies to determine the status of current policies and programs. To better understand the needs of educators, questionnaires were used to obtain the views of one segment of the educational community: homeschool parents. The research sample consisted of 112 homeschool families across Thailand. The general characteristics of the sample were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The results suggest that the existing resources are inadequate and that more should be done to ensure their quality and availability. The findings also point to a number of major impediments to OER development, most notably problems with telecommunication infrastructure. Policy recommendations are also discussed.

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