Influences of the Séance Ceremony on Politics in Southeast Asia


  • Patcharin Sirasoonthorn Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Naresuan University, Thailand
  • Wacharawuth Suesat Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Mahasarakham University, Thailand



Séance Ceremony, Schema Theory, Politics


This research aims to discuss how séance ceremonies have influenced politics in Southeast Asia. Four case studies of the séance ceremony from Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, and Myanmar were reviewed. Data from documentary studies from various sources, including AnthroSource, ASSIA, Wilson Web, CSA, Sociological Abstracts, and social media during 2000-2023, were examined. Schema Theory was utilized to explore the impact of ghosts on particular political actions. The researchers posited that schemata should be considered a fundamental framework for understanding the cognitive processes and behaviors of individuals. These cognitive structures shape individuals’ interpretations and social interactions within their environment. In the construction of knowledge units, individuals incorporate common elements and characteristics to categorize surrounding objects and phenomena. Three major findings are: 1) the rationality of alternative modernity is considerably integrated within the séance ceremony, thereby increasing the involvement in political activities; 2) rulers adopted the séance ceremony as a strategy for political benefits; and 3) the schema of rulers-ghosts-deities relates to changes in national policy of the four case studies.


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How to Cite

Sirasoonthorn, P., & Suesat, W. (2024). Influences of the Séance Ceremony on Politics in Southeast Asia. Journal of Liberal Arts Prince of Songkla University, 16(1), 271044.