“When the Sea Retracts, the Life Shrinks” : Linguistic Devices and Representations of Sea Gypsies in the Thai Daily Newspaper Discourse

Main Article Content

Apichaya Kaewuthai

Abstract

This research article aims to study a type of news in the Thai daily newspaper discourse (online) that presents the story of the sea gypsies, the linguistic devices employed to refer to such representations of the sea gypsies and the representations of the sea gypsies which are presented through the discourse of Thai daily newspapers. The studied data consists of 10 online Thai daily newspapers, a total aggregate of 70 news texts. The study results show that the news category presenting stories of the sea gypsies in the greatest extent is the socio-cultural category, following by the political and educational category, and the public health category respectively. The composers of the Thai daily newspaper discourse have employed 4 linguistic devices, including word choices, sentence patterns, speech act, and metaphor. The linguistic devices were employed in the daily Thai newspapers in order to present the representations of the sea gypsies as follows: 1) the sea gypsies are “other people” who are different from the majority of the country; 2) the sea gypsies live a semi-vagrant lifestyle; 3) the sea gypsies have been directed, impeded, and displaced, making their lives change from the way they were; and 4) the sea gypsies are individuals that need assistance, support in problem-solving, and livelihood development.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Kaewuthai, A. (2021). “When the Sea Retracts, the Life Shrinks” : Linguistic Devices and Representations of Sea Gypsies in the Thai Daily Newspaper Discourse. Journal of Liberal Arts Prince of Songkla University, 13(1), 92-119. Retrieved from https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/journal-la/article/view/222191
Section
บทความวิจัย (research article)

References

Arunotai, N. (2003). For understanding the Moken Knowledge and myths about "Chao Lay" ethnic groups, Ethnicity and myth. Bangkok: Organization of Transfer Products and Packging. [in Thai]

Charoensin-o-larn, Ch. (1999). Development Discourse Power Knowledge truth Identity and Otherness. Bangkok: Research and Development Center, Krirk University. [in Thai]

Chotiudompant, S. (2008). Discourse, representation, identity, literary studies in social and cultural contexts 2. http://www. phdlitarts.chula. ac.th.

Chumchonthai (2012). Gypsy Way Crisis. Bangkok: n.p. [in Thai]

Eamanondh, J. (2006). A study of discourse about people with HIV/AIDS in Thai society using the Nexus Analysis approach. (doctoral dissertation), Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok. [in Thai]

Fairclough, N. (1995). Analysing discourse: textual analysis for social research. London: Longman.

Hall, S. (1997). Representation: cultural representation and signifying practices. London: Sage.

Hongladarom, Kr. (2000). Discourses on ethnic minorities in Thailand: a study of the relationship between form and meaning, Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University. [in Thai]

Kaewthep, K. (2002). Media and Culture Studies and Thai Society. Political Science Journal, 23 (3), 51-59. [in Thai]

Katanchaleekul, S. (2005). Chao Lay "The Cursed Identity", Lua eats people-Chao Lay-Ghost ancestors. Bangkok: Sirindhorn Anthropology Center. [in Thai]

Office of the Royal Society. (2013). Royal Institute Dictionary 2011.Bangkok: Office of the Royal Society. [in Thai]

Panpothong, N. (2013). Critical Discourse Analysis based on linguistics. Bangkok: Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn University. [in Thai]

Pongudom, R. (2005). The relationship between language and values on beauty: A study of advertising discourse on cosmetics in Thai. (Master’s thesis), Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok. [in Thai]

Silapasan, U, Phraya. (2005). Thai language principles. Bangkok: Thai Watana Panich. [in Thai]

Sirindhorn Anthropology Center. (2014). Gypsy culture skills Hundred stories. Bangkok: Parbpim. [in Thai]

Social Research Institute. (2019, October 10). Urak Lawoi, Moklen and Moken, experts on the sea of islands and the Andaman coast. http://www. chulapedia. chula. ac.th/index.php?

Suriya, Th. (2011). The relationship between language and representations of deathrow inmates and executions in Thai newspapers. (master’s thesis), Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok. [in Thai]

Van Dijk, T. A. (2008). Discourse and Power. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.