Logistics System Development of Import-Export Agricultural Products among Thailand and China: A Case Study of Thailand – Yunnan Province in Mekong River and 3A Route System (R3A)

Main Article Content

PUWANART FUGGATE

Abstract

The objective of this research is to study the system infrastructure, dynamic characteristics of transportation routes, the current situation of the market/marketing channels of the logistics and supply chain management of agricultural export industries in Thailand and China by the commercial port in the Lanchang – Mekong and carrying 3A (R3A). The study employs fact finding and information gathering including analyzing of opportunity and treat of mangosteen supply chain which export to Southern of China at present. The findings showed that the exporter and importer (Thai-Chinese) use R3A route system as main route to export mangosteen to Southern of China. R3A has both the opportunities and threats. The R3A threats are the Thai nation's trucks could not cross-loaded to the Yunnan province in China directly. As a result, there must be a change of vehicle or container at the border of Lao PDR and China. Bo-Ten/Bo-Han in which current is also used by the Cross Docking truck together before the transplant by labor. Mangosteenis damaged from this process because the labor used is a labor of the Lao PDR and used to throw in the transplant. Furthermore, facilities on the R3A route the Lao PDR to Jinghong Xishuangbanna also less. The route is also the maze and the highway 2 channels. Including point comfort, such as gas stations, toilet, rest stops and traffic signs, there is few, it may cause an accident. But the R3A route also has the opportunity to expand their exports. After the opening of the 4th Mekong River Bridge, the journey on the R3A route evens more convenience because they do not have to waste time waiting for a ferry crossing with car ferry. Make more routes are used. Include in the future if the ASEAN is open, and the transport cross country has a more liberal. This route will be able to expand the market to the nearby Yunnan province includes shipping to the Lao PDR, which is likely to expand even more. In the other hand, the exporting by Port System in Lan Chang river - Mekong River may not have mangosteen or fresh fruit export by this route but there are many goods which need a lot of export quantity and having long life time use this route to export. The exporting by Port System in Lanchang River - Mekong River extent every year. The treat of Lanchang River - Mekong River is the river level that unstable, in sometime of the year the river is too shallow to transport.

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How to Cite
FUGGATE, P. (2021). Logistics System Development of Import-Export Agricultural Products among Thailand and China: A Case Study of Thailand – Yunnan Province in Mekong River and 3A Route System (R3A). Journal of Management Science Chiangrai Rajabhat University, 15(2), 182–208. Retrieved from https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jmscrru/article/view/242371
Section
Research Articles
Author Biography

PUWANART FUGGATE, School of Logistics and Supply Chain, Naresuan University

Ph.D. (Postharvest Technology) School of Bioresources and Technology, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (2010), Currently a Lecturer in Faculty of Logistics and Digital Supply Chain, Naresuan University

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