The Development of a Descriptive Framework for Digital Television News Footage

Authors

  • Jitpisut Muangkaew School of Information Technology, Institute of Social Technology, Suranaree University of Technology, Thailand.
  • Nisachol Chamnongsri School of Information Technology, Institute of Social Technology, Suranaree University of Technology, Thailand.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14456/jiskku.2022.17

Keywords:

Metadata, Descriptive Framework, Television News Footage

Abstract

Purpose: This research aims to develop a descriptive framework for television news footage.

Methodology: Data gathering by observation and interviewing for the television news footage storage and retrieval process from 36 staffs and 19 users of 2 television stations. Then, using IFLA Five Generic User Tasks to analyzes search behavior and user requirements.
The descriptive framework for digital television news footage was developed based on
IFLA Library Reference Model (IFLA-LRM). And the developed framework was evaluated by
6 experts.

Findings: The results of the research found that staff members used 5W1H news writing principles to describe television news footage for support user requirements. And found that 15 major information are used to searching for television news footage. In which the user start searching for television news footage with specific word while the staff searching by specific name, specific search term and border term. The descriptive framework for digital television news footage consists of 8 core elements and 36 sub-elements. The expert evaluation revealed that the developed descriptive framework is suitable for television news footage retrieval. The names of the Thai elements and English elements are clear at a very good level (mean 4.67 and 4.33). The definitions and examples of each element are clear, easy to understand at a good level (mean 4.17). Finally, the developed descriptive framework has adjusted according to the expert’s recommendations, there are 40 elements in total, 9 primary elements and 31 sub-elements.

Applications of this study: The results of the study can be used as a conceptual framework for analyzing bibliographic elements or metadata elements that are useful for describing digital information that can meet the needs of information retrieval according to the user's information search process.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Caplan, P. (2003). Metadata fundamentals for all librarians. Chicago: American Library Association.

Chaichuay, W. (2013). Metadata scheme development for a digitized Inscriptions management (In Thai). Doctoral dissertation in Information Studies, Graduate School, Khon Kaen University.

Chaichuay, W. (2015). The guidelines for textiles collection information management in Ubonratchathani national museum. Veridian E-Journal, Silpakorn University, 8(2), 2422-2437.

Chamnongsri, N. (2009). Metadata development for management of a digitized palm leaf manuscript Doctoral dissertation in Information Studies, Graduate School, Khon Kaen University.

Chamnongsri, N. (2019). Metadata standards for palm leaf manuscripts in Asia. Communications in Computer and Information Science. CCIS Vol.846: MTSR 2018 Metadata and Semantic Research. (245-254). Nature Switzerland AG: Springer.

Chanvisatlak, P. (2016). Effect from Digital Media Era. Journal of Journalism, 9(3), 117-148.

Chaudhry, A. S., & AL-Sagheer, L. (2011). Information behavior of journalists: analysis of critical incidents of information finding and use. The International Information & Library Review, 43(4), 178-183.

Chen, Y. N., Chen, S. J., Sum, H. C., & Lin, S. C. (2003). Functional requirements of metadata system: from user needs perspective. Retrieved 22 May 2019, from https://dcpapers.dublincore.org/pubs/article/view/737

Chuebang, A., & Pawinant, P. (2016). Information behaviors of Thai rat newspapers reporters. Humanities Journal (Graduate School), Ramkhamhaeng University, 5(2), 109-117.

DCMI Usage Board. (2020). DCMI Metadata Terms. Retrieved 30 October 2021, from https://www.dublincore.org/specifications/dublin-core/dcmi-terms/

Hansar, P. (2011). Introduction to news writing. Bangkok: Inthanin.

Haynes, D. (2004). Metadata for information management and retrieval. London: Facet.

Hoaihongthong, S., & Kwiecien, K. (2019). Defining metadata elements for murals. Journal of Information Science, 37(2), 94-114.

IFLA International Federation of Library Associations and institutions. (2017). IFLA Library Reference Model: A Conceptual Model for Bibliographic Information. Retrieved 22 May 2019, from https://www.ifla.org/files/assets/cataloguing/frbr-lrm/ifla-lrm-august-2017_rev201712.pdf

IFLA Section on Cataloguing. (2005). Guidance on the nature, implementation, and evaluation of metadata schemas in libraries. Retrieved 30 October 2021, from https://www.ifla.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/assets/cataloguing/pubs/metadataschemas-20050731.pdf

International Press Telecommunications Council. (2018). IPTC photo metadata. Retrieved 30 October 2021, from https://iptc.org/standards/photo-metadata/

International Press Telecommunications Council. (2021). IPTC video metadata. Retrieved 30 October 2021, from https://www.iptc.org/standards/video-metadata-hub/recommendation/

Network Development and MARC Standards Office of the Library of Congress and the Visual Resources Association. (2018). Visual resources association core categories: VRA core Retrieved 30 October 2021, from https://www.loc.gov/standards/vracore/

NISO. (2017). ANSI/NISO Z39.87-2006 (R2017) Data Dictionary - Technical Metadata for Digital Still Images. Retrieved 30 October 2021, from https://www.niso.org/publications/ansiniso-z3987-2006-r2017-data-dictionary-technical-metadata-digital-still-images

Pongklang, P. (2017). Management of the television media in the 21st century. Association of Private Higher Education Institutions of Thailand, 23(1), 90-102.

Poonsong, T., Chaichuay, W., & Changthong, J. (2016). Analysis of information features of bood manuscript in Phatthalung. Veridian E-Journal, Silpakorn University, 9(2), 699-714.

Public broadcasting communities. (2021). Public broadcast core: PB core. Retrieved 30 October 2021, from https://pbcore.org/

Royal Institute. (2011). Dictionary of the royal Institute 2011. (In Thai). Retrieved 30 October 2021, from https://dictionary.orst.go.th/

Ruangsuwan, S., Manmart, L., & Kabmala, M. (2017). Analysing metadata elements for quality and reliability assessment of primary in medical research synthesis. Journal of Information Science, 34(4), 83-115.

Tiyapoom, W. (2018). Development of document storage and retrieval system: a case study office of the president Silpakorn University Sanamchandra palace campus (In Thai). Master thesis in Arts, Graduate School, Silpakorn University.

Wichein, S. (2021). Development of folk Gajasastra inherited wisdom of the Kui in Surin province knowledge repository. (In Thai). Srisaket Rajabhat University Journal, 15(1), 42-53.

Downloads

Published

2022-07-25

How to Cite

Muangkaew, J. ., & Chamnongsri, N. . (2022). The Development of a Descriptive Framework for Digital Television News Footage. Journal of Information Science, 40(3), 40–61. https://doi.org/10.14456/jiskku.2022.17

Issue

Section

Research Article