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Development of performing arts of Tum Drum dance of Thai-Laotian ethnic group in Ubon Ratchathani province aimed to study the Tum Drum dance performed by Thai-Laotian ethnic group in Ubon Ratchathani in terms of background, components, roles and values, and to develop performing arts Tum Drum dance to Thai-Laotian ethnic group in Ubon Ratchathani province using qualitative research. Results revealed that Tum Drum dance of Thai-Laotian ethnic group in Tambol Huai Khayoong, Warinchamrab district, Ubon Ratchathani province was established from local plays for entertainment of villagers, ceremonies, belief, and faith in rainmaking ritual during June-July. It was unique as consisting of 4 main dance movements and the costume was identical which wearing rattan nails, weaving patterns with colorful thread and decorating nail edge with white tuft along with Tum Drum rhythm and Pung Had. Researchers developed a pattern of performing arts as the dance of Lam Kam Huai Khayoong which included movement, rhythm, lyrics, and dress. Data was collected in documents and by a field trip which was analyzed for concepts to create components as follows. 1) Main components for performing Tum Drum dance of Thai-Laotian ethnic group in Ubon Ratchathani province consisted of lyrics, rhythm, musical instruments for performance, performers, dressing, props, and performance pattern. 2) Dance movement for performance. Researcher created dance movement and line adjustment for variety and attractions as well as according to presentation of unique Tum Drum dance in Tambol Huai Khayoong, Warinchamrab district, Ubon Ratchathani province.