Analysis of impact of COVID-19 pandemic on airlines business and future trend of airlines business in the post pandemic period

Main Article Content

Jutarat Laophram
Nutthapong Prakobkandee
Chuleewan Praneetham

Abstract

 The aviation industry has experienced many crises including the economic crisis or the pandemic crisis. According to the history, the industry recovered from the crisis within a year. However, the COVID-19 outbreak crisis, which was originally from the People’s republic of China in the late 2020 to world, is considered the most severe crisis compared to other crises in the history. The outbreak affects all industries. The airline business is one of the first businesses which has heavily been affected due to the travelling limitation and border closing policy in each country. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, relevant departments have issued both short-term and long-term measures to limit and prevent the spread of the infection. The purpose of this academic paper is to analyze crises that occurred in the past and their effects on the aviation industry; the impacts of COVID-19 on airlines business; the trend of airlines business after the pandemic; and the short-term and long-term measures owing to the outbreak of COVID-19

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Laophram จ., Prakobkandee ณ. ., & Praneetham ช. . (2021). Analysis of impact of COVID-19 pandemic on airlines business and future trend of airlines business in the post pandemic period. Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Suratthani Rajabhat University, 13(1), 112–135. Retrieved from https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jhsc/article/view/243114
Section
Academic Articles

References

กรมควบคุมโรค. (2563). โรคติดเชื้อไวรัสโคโรนา 2019 (COVID-19). [ออนไลน์].

เข้าถึงได้จาก https://ddc.moph.go.th/viralpneumonia/faq_more.php.

, พฤษภาคม 10]

จุฑารัตน์ เหล่าพราหมณ์. (2561). ปัจจัยเชิงสาเหตุระหว่างการรับรู้คุณภาพการบริการ

ความพึงพอใจ และความจงรักภักดีของผู้โดยสารสายการบินต้นทุนต่ำ

ในประเทศไทย. วารสารวิชาการการท่องเที่ยวไทยนานาชาติ. 14(2), 124-154.

คณะแพทย์ศาสตร์โรงพยาบาลรามาธิบดี. (ม.ป.ป.). 7 วิธีเว้นระยะห่างทางสังคม (Social

Distancing) ต้านภัย COVID-19. [ออนไลน์]. เข้าถึงได้จาก https://med.

mahidol.ac.th/th/infographics/172. [2563, พฤษภาคม 12]

สำนักงานการบินพลเรือนแห่งประเทศไทย. (2563ก, เมษายน 3). คำสั่งสำนักงานการบิน

พลเรือนแห่งประเทศไทย ที่ 85/2563 เรื่อง การระงับการดำเนินงานของสนาม

บินภูเก็ต. [ออนไลน์]. เข้าถึงได้จาก https://www.caat.or.th/th/ar

chives/49281 [2563, พฤษภาคม 13]

สำนักงานการบินพลเรือนแห่งประเทศไทย. (2563ข, เมษายน 26). ประกาศกพท.

เรื่องแนวปฏิบัติการให้บริการผู้โดยสารในเส้นทางการบินภายในประเทศ

ระหว่างสถานการณ์ระบาดของโรคติดเชื้อไว้รัสโคโรนา 2019 (COVID-19).

[ออนไลน์]. เข้าถึงได้จาก https://www.caat.or.th/archives/49815. [2563,

พฤษภาคม 13]

Bangkok Post. (2020a, March 18). Worse than 9/11: Coronavirus threatens

global airline industry. [Online]. Retrieved from https://www.

bangkokpost.com/world/1881190/worse-than-9-11-coronavirus-

threatens-global-airline-industry#cxrecs_s. [2020, May 6].

Bangkok Post. (2020b, April 29). Boeing to cut staff, plane output as pandemic

batters airline industry. [Online]. Retrieved from https://www.

bangkokpost.com/world/1910052/boeing-to-cut-staff-plane-output-

as-pandemic-batters-airline-industry#cxrecs_s. [2020, May 6].

Bangkok Post. (2020c, April 9). Air Canada to rehire 16,500 workers laid off due

to pandemic. [Online]. Retrieved from https://www.bangkokpost.

com/world/1896340/air-canada-to-rehire-16-500-workers-laid-

off-due-to-pandemic. [2020, May 6].

BBC. (2020, April 28). British Airways to cut up to 12,00 jobs as air travel

collapses. [Online]. Retrieved from https://www.bbc.com/news/

business-52462660. [2020, May 9].

Business Insider. (2020, May 18). The coronavirus outbreak has triggered

unprecedented mass layoffs and furloughs. Here are the major

companies that have announced they are downsizing their

workforces. [Online]. Retrieved from https://www.businessinsider.

com/coronavirus-layoffs-furloughs-hospitality-service-travel-unem

ployment-2020. [2020, May 12].

CAPA. (2020, March 17). COVID-19. By the end of May, most world airlines

will be bankrupt. [Online]. Retrieved from https://centreforaviation.

com/analysis/reports/covid-19-by-the-end-of-may-most-world-

airlines-will-be-bankrupt-517512. [2020, May 12].

Forbes. (2020, May 5). Airlines warn of 54% higher fares with social distancing,

argue likelihood of transmission in-flight is low. [Online]. Retrieved

from https://www.forbes.com/sites/marisagarcia/2020/05/05/

airlines-warn-of-54-higher-fares-with-social-distancing-argue-likelihood-

of-transmission-in-flight-is-low/#1eaefa59696e. [2020, May 13].

Günay, F., Bayraktaroğlu, E., and Özkul, K. (2020). Assessing the short-term

impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on foreign visitor’s demand for

Turkey: A scenario analysis. Journal of Ekonomi. 4, 80-85.

Haider, N., Yavlinsky, A., Simon, D., Osman, AY., Ntoumi, F., and Kock, R.

(2020). Passengers’ destinations from China: low risk of Novel

Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) transmission into Africa and South

America. Epidemiology and Infection. 148(41), 1-7.

IATA. (n.d. a). World aviation and world economy. [Online]. Retrieved from

https://www.icao.int/sustainability/Pages/Facts-Figures_WorldE

conomyData.aspx. [2020, May 8].

IATA. (n.d. b). IATA calls for passenger face covering and crew masks

opposes onboard social distancing. [Online]. Retrieved from

https://www.iata.org/en/pressroom/pr/2020-05-05-

/?fbclid=IwAR1EKGF9MyvS_H6ZGxTNrewP-VRtlHIfSmSFjwxzZhyD

pzMReBybmr79GFo. [2020, May 8].

IATA. (n.d. c). Slow recovery needs confidence boosting measure.

[Online]. Retrieved from https://www.iata.org/en/pressroom/

pr/2020-04-21-01/?fbclid=IwAR0VAXUMnqgpV8ACHD8KGAt3LoXCD7

aQ5KeA_4trPLRs9vtUh16gI7qMKk. [2020, May 10].

IATA.. (n.d. d). Passenger demand plunges in March as travel restrictions

take hold. [Online]. Retrieved from https://www.iata.org/en/

pressroom/pr/2020-04-29-01/?fbclid=IwAR2oi8lc6FhsCgBCuRexwP9

bBAamOHofGwxguxboapEWN_lAK17SJCt2HtM. [2020, May 10].

IATA. (n.d. e). Air passenger market analysis - February 2020. [Online].

Retrieved from https://www.iata.org/en/iata-repository/publications/

economic-reports/air-passenger-monthly-analysis---feb-2020/.

, May 10].

ICAO. (2018). Annex 9 to the convention on international civil aviation:

Facilitation, fifteenth edition. International Civil Aviation Organization:

Quebec.

ICAO. (n.d.). Economic impacts of COVID-19 on civil aviation. [Online].

Retrieved from https://www.icao.int/sustainability/Pages/Economic-

Impacts-of-COVID-19.aspx. [2020, May 10].

Leitmeyer, K .and Adlhoch, C. (2016). Review article: Influenza transmission

on aircraft – a systematic literature review. Epidemiology. 27, 743-

Lepp, A., and Gibson, H. (2003). Tourist roles, perceived risk and interna

tional tourism. Annals of Tourism Research. 30(3), 606-624.

Lufthansa. (n.d.). Social distancing while travelling Lufthansa group intro

duce obligation to wear a mouth and nose cover. [Online].

Retrieved from https://www.lufthansa.com/de/en/social-distancing.

, May 13].

Novelli, M., Burgess, L., Jones, A., and Ritchie, B. (2018). ‘No Ebola…still

doomed’ – The Ebola-Induced tourism crisis. Annals of Tourism

Research. 70, 76-87.

Pine, R., and McKercher, B. (2004). The impact of SARS on Hong Kong’s

Tourism industry. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality

Management. 6, 139-143

Schwartz, K., Murti, M., Finkelstein, M., Leis, J. Husek, A., Bourns, L. Meghani,

H., Saunders, A., Allen, V., and Yaffe, B. (2020). Lack of COVID-19

transmission on an international flight. CMAJ. 192(15), 1.

Silvertein, W.K., Stroud, L., Cleghorn, G.W., and Leis, J.A. (2020). First

imported case of 2019 novel coronavirus to Canada presenting as

mild pneumonia. Lancet. 395 (10225), 734

Slotnick, D. (2020, April22). Many of the world’s airlines could be bankrupt

by May because of the Covid-19 crisis. [Online]. Retrieved from

https://www.businessinsider.com/coronavirus-airlines-that-failed-

bankrupt-covid19-pandemic-2020-3. [2020, May 6].

Sobiearalski, J. (2020). COVID-19 and airline employment: Insights from

historical uncertainty shocks to the industry. Transportation

Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives. 5, 1-9.

Taylor, T., and Toohey, K. (2007). Perceptions of terrorism threat at the 2004

Olympic games: Implication for sporting events. Journal of Sports

Tourism. 12(2), 99-114.

Tew, P.J., Lu, Z., Tolomiczenko, G., and Gellatly, J. (2008). SARS: Lessons in

strategic planning for hoteliers and destination marketers.

International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management.

(3), 332-346.

The guardian. (2020, April 29). Airlines may not recovery from COVID-19 crisis

for five years, says Airbus. [Online]. Retrieved from https://www.

theguardian.com/business/2020/apr/29/airlines-may-not-recover-

from-covid-19-crisis-for-five-years-says-airbus. [2020, May 12].

The Stat Trade Time. (2020, April 20). From Covid-19 Issue: Cargo checks in

as the new passenger. [Online]. Retrieved from https://www.

stattimes.com/news/cargo-checks-in-as-the-new-passenger-air-

cargo/. [2020, May 11]

TSA. (n.d.). TSA (Transportation Security Administration) implements

additional COVID-19 safety measure at U.S. airports. [Online].

Retrieved from https://www.tsa.gov/news/press/releases/2020/05/07/

tsa-implements-additional-covid-19-safety-measure-us-airports.

, May 13].

UNWTO. (n.d. a). World tourism remains at a standstill as 100% of countries

impose restrictions on travel. [Online]. Retrieved from https://

www.unwto.org/news/covid-19-world-tourism-remains-at-a-

standstill-as-100-of-countries-impose-restrictions-on-travel. [2020,

May 12].

UNWTO. (n.d. b). International Tourism and COVID-19. [Online]. Retrieved

from https://www.unwto.org/international-tourism-and-covid-19.

, May 12].

WHO. (n.d.). Updated WHO recommendations for international traffic in

relation to COVID-19 outbreak: COVID-19 Travel advise. [Online].

Retrieved from https://www.who.int/news-room/articles-detail/

updated-who-recommendations-for-international-traffic-in-relation-

to-covid-19-outbreak. [2020, May 14].

Win, M.K., Chow, A., Ho, H.J., Tay, S.Y., and Leo, Y.S. (2017). Risk assessment

and laboratory investigation of respiratory illness in travelers returning

to Singapore 2012-2015: experience from the MERS-CoV Surveillance

programme. Epidemiol Infect. 145, 285-288.

Xie, M., and Chen, Q. (2020). Insight into 2019 novel coronavirus – An update interim review and lessons from SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV. International

Journal of Infectious Diseases. 94, 119-124.