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This research aimed to study: 1) the current and desirable states of the development of essential skills for primary school teachers in Saraburi province, and 2) the needs of the development of essential skills for primary school teachers in Saraburi province. The sample group of this research consisted of 359 administrators and teachers in Saraburi province, by using random stratified random sampling. The research instrument was a set of dual response questionnaires. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and Priority Needs Index. The research revealed that: 1) the current state of developing essential skills for primary school teachers was at the high level ("X" ̅=4.34, S.D.=0.59), 2) the desirable state of the development of essential skills for primary school teachers was at the highest level ("X" ̅=4.83, S.D.=0.40), and 3) the needs of the development of essential skill for primary school teachers were respectively sorted descending order of the needs as follows: 1) Creativity and Innovation 2) Communications 3) Life and Career Skills, 4) Digital Citizenship, and 5) Teamwork.
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