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This study had three objectives, which were (1) to compare energy consumption expenditure by types of energy (2) to investigate the inequality on household energy consumption expenditure and (3) to find out the factors determined household energy consumption expenditure. Secondary data from “the Socio-economic Household surveys compiled by the Thai National Statistical Office in 2006, 2011 and 2017 were adopted. Results indicated that on average household had about 10 percent on energy consumption expenditure to their total expenditure and it was raising gradually. Electricity, Benzene and Diesel Fuel were the major share of household energy consumption expenditure. This study had calculated the Gini co-efficient and the rich-poor gap to investigate the inequality on energy consumption expenditure among the households especially the rich and the poor. The result showed that Gini co-efficient and the rich-poor gap were relatively high, but still decreasing gradually. Results from the multiple regression analysis estimated by the ordinary least square method indicated that all independent variables had relationship to household energy consumption expenditure statistically which were, gender age and education level of the household head, number of household member, household income, number of appliance, number of room, dwelling type, type of tenure and number of vehicle that household belonging.
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