แนวคิดฮินดูทวาในการเมืองอินเดีย

The Hindutva in Indian Politics

  • อับดุรเราะฮหมาน มูเก็ม South Asian Studies Center, Institute of Asian Studies, Chulalongkorn University
Keywords: Bharatiya Janata Party, Hindutva, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh

Abstract

This academic paper presented “The Hindutva in Indian Politics” that studied about the Hindutva is moved by the Hindu volunteer Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), who need to protect the benefits of the Hinduism group. The Hindutva ideology is a political tool of RSS for building a ‘Pure Hindu State’ through ‘Hinduness’, ‘Hindi language’ and ‘Hindustan.’ Moreover, this ideology tried to protect and fight with the invader of the British Empire for freedom, to secure from the spreading and dependence of Christianity and Muslim idea, who both are the invader. This ideology was very strong from past to present and still influential on the Indian national political parties likes Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS), Janata Party (JP), and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the current Indian government is led by Narendra Modi.

The study found that (i) Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh used the Hindutva Ideology’ and it is a good relation with Indian national political parties like Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS), Janata Party (JP), and especially, and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), which were influenced on the Indian Political Policy (ii) Hindu volunteer has two wings of ideology: a moderate with tolerance and extremist with militant but both tried to promote the religious doctrine to spread the ideology to the public society in the national and international network. (iii) Hindu volunteer is campaigning to build the ‘Pure Hindu State’ and calling to holy war to fight with the invaders. (iv) Hindu volunteers used a national law, education system to promote Hindutva and opposed ‘the plural society idea’ of Indian National Congress policy and Mahatma Gandhi. The study is very fruitful to give an understanding of the Hindutva to the people who are staying together in the plural society.

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Published
2020-11-23
Section
บทความวิชาการ