The Moral Organization Standards and Self-Assessment Tool: A Case of Evaluation, Improvement, and Revision from Thailand


  • Ittipaat Suwathanpornkul Department of Educational Measurement and Research, Faculty of Education, Srinakharinwirot University, Thailand
  • Chawapon Sarnkhaowkhom Department of Health Education and Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Kwantitsara Apisuksakul Department of Industrial Education, School of Industrial Education and Technology, King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok, 10520 Thailand
  • Wilailak Langka Department of Educational Measurement and Research, Faculty of Education, Srinakharinwirot University, Thailand


Evaluation, Moral organization, Moral standard, Organizational morality


Organizational morality is an important issue for various organizations. This research aimed to improve and revise the moral standards and moral self-assessment tools for organizations by conducting evaluation research through applying
qualitative and quantitative approaches. The sample comprised of key informants and samples from the government sectors, private organizations, and communities. The data was collected through focus group discussions and questionnaires before
the data was analyzed by utilizing a content analysis for qualitative data and a statistical analysis for quantitative data. The findings reveal that the revised moral standards for organizations consisted of three dimensions; system/mechanism,
operation, and outcomes; and five components: sufficiency, discipline, honesty, volunteering, and gratitude, while the revised self-assessment tool included 41 items at a 5-level rating scale with an overall efficiency score for moral standards between
4.20 and 5.00, an index of item objective congruence (IOC) of .60-1.00, a discrimination power for each item (r) at .722 - .927 and a very high level of reliability (α = .991). This study proposes several organizational moral standards within Thai organizations and recommends that these standards and self-assessment tools are implemented through organizations adopting the rules and regulations to help organizations become ethical organizations.


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How to Cite

Suwathanpornkul , I. ., Sarnkhaowkhom, C., Apisuksakul, K. ., & Langka, W. . (2023). The Moral Organization Standards and Self-Assessment Tool: A Case of Evaluation, Improvement, and Revision from Thailand. Journal of Multidisciplinary in Social Sciences, 19(3). Retrieved from



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