Self-esteem of Ethnic Students: Developing Measurement Model and Testing Measurement Invariance


  • Natthapol Jaengaksorn Faculty of Education, Chiang Mai University


Self-Esteem, Measuring Model, Ethnic Group Students


The self-esteem of each individual affects a person’s behavior, and it is important for daily living. The objectives of this study were (1) to investigate the fit of the self-esteem measurement model for ethnic students to the empirical data, (2) to test the measurement invariance of the self-esteem measurement model across diverse ethnic groups of students and (3) to compare the extent of self-esteem of ethnic students across their backgrounds. The participants were 688 ethnic high school students who were studying in the second semester of the academic year 2018 in four provinces. The instrument of this study was the 5-rating scale questionnaire with Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficients ranged from 0.90 to 0.95. Data analysis was done by descriptive statistics, interential statistics and structural equation modeling.
The results revealed that (1) the theoretical measurement model fitted the empirical data with acceptable fit indices (p = 0.14, CFI = 0.99, RMSEA = 0.04, SRMR = 0.01). (2) the measurement model of the self-esteem was for different groups of ethnic students, was invariant in terms of measurement error and (3) the comparison of the self-esteem levels of ethnic students across backgrounds indicated that the scales of satisfaction of self-ability, family and society had statistical significance at the level of .05.


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How to Cite

Jaengaksorn, N. (2023). Self-esteem of Ethnic Students: Developing Measurement Model and Testing Measurement Invariance. Journal of Multidisciplinary in Social Sciences, 15(3), 78–85. Retrieved from



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