The Influence of Family Structure Differences on Physical Activity of Children and Adolescents in China-Taking Social Capital and Health Behavior as Mediating Factors


  • Bei Lyu Chinese Graduate School, Panyapiwat Institute of Management, Thailand
  • Defa Zhang School of Basic Education, Taihu University of Wuxi, China
  • Yanchao Yang Faculty of Education, University of Macau, China


Family structure, Physical activity, Health behavior, Social capital


This research aimed to test the effect of social capital and health behavior between family structure and family health and to promote the formation of youth physical exercise awareness and behavior, not only the need to optimize the quality of family social capital, but also to pay attention to the construction of family social capital related factors. This paper explores the impact of social capital investment and health behavior acquisition on the degree of completion of the recommended amount of physical activity for children and adolescents under different family structures, based on the relationship between family structure and family health. In the study, the survey targeted children and adolescents aged 7-18 from 13 provinces and cities in China were conducted. After three stages, each administrative class selected 20 samples, and the final sample of 93,600 students was obtained. This study used a multi-level logistic regression model to verify the research hypothesis. The research found that the family structure differences in physical activity among children and adolescents have shown a diversified trend of development. The more stable the family structure is, the better the family sports atmosphere will be. The hierarchy of family structure has a positive effect on the shaping of children’s adolescent health behavior. The better the social capital is, the better the community sports atmosphere will be, and the higher the possibility of children and adolescents completing the recommended amount of physical activity will occur.


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How to Cite

Lyu, B., Zhang, D., & Yang, Y. (2023). The Influence of Family Structure Differences on Physical Activity of Children and Adolescents in China-Taking Social Capital and Health Behavior as Mediating Factors. Journal of Multidisciplinary in Social Sciences, 17(1), 37–46. Retrieved from



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