The Use of Field Trip on Eighth Grade Bhutanese Students Geography Learning Experiences


  • Kinley Dema T Faculty of Education Rangsit University
  • Nipaporn Chalermnirundorn


Field trip, Geography, Students, Learning Experiences, Opinion


          This study investigated the effects of a field trip on the learning experiences and opinions of eighth grade Bhutanese students on learning geography. Qualitative research was carried out in one of the lower secondary schools in Western Bhutan. A purposive selection of 1 section out of 4 sections with 26 students were used. The data collected via behavior observation, students’ reflective journal and focus group discussion were analyzed using content analysis and triangulated to answer the 2 research questions. The findings showed that a field trip was effective in enhancing content knowledge and environmental awareness and social, collaboration and communication skills. The participants enjoyed the lessons which increased their engagement and interest. The study indicated that field trip was highly beneficial for learning geography and was recommended to incorporate in other subjects such as history, science and social studies.


Download data is not yet available.


Abbatiello, J. (2014). Perceived impact on student engagement when learning middle school science in an outdoor
setting (Order No. 3605450). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (1490994116).
Bhutan Council for School Examinations and assessment. (2017). Pupil performance report 2017 10. Retrieved 12
January 2017 from
Boxerman, J. (2013). Echoes from the field: An ethnographic investigation of outdoor science field trips (Order
No.3563696). Available from Pro Quest Dissertations &Theses Global. (1400006196).
Brower, M. (2016). Experiences and perceptions of outdoor recreational activities from a race, class and gender
perspective (Order No. 10126255). Available from Pro Quest Dissertations & Theses Global. (1808836109).
Cappadocia, H. (2010). Do overnight field trips make a difference? Perspectives from women who know ( Order
No.MR64422) . Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (741224391).
Coughlin, P. (2010). Making field trips count: Collaborating for meaningful experiences. The Social Studies, 101(5),
Creswell, J. (2007). Qualitative inquiry & research design (2nd ed.). CA: Sage publications.
Dhanapal, S., & Lim, C. (2013). A comparative study of the impacts and students’ perceptions of indoor and outdoor
learning in the science classroom. In Asia-Pacific Forum on Science Learning & Tea ching, 14(2),1-23
Estawul, S., Sababa, K., & Filgona, J. ( 2016) . Effect of fieldtrip strategy on senior secondary school students’ academic
achievement in geography in Human educational zone,Adamawa state, Nigeria. European Journal of Education
Ferderbar, C. ( 2013) . The effects of in- nature and virtual- nature field trip experiences on proenvironmental attitudes
and behaviors, and environmental knowledge of middle school students (Order No. 3588166). Available from
ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (1431179153).
Finchum, W. ( 2013) . How can teachers and students prepare for effective field trips to Historic sites and museums?
University of Tennessee– noxville. Retrieved 3 March 2013 from http://trace.ten
Gilbertson, E. (2012). When nature speaks: Evoking connectedness with nature in children through role- play in outdoor
programming ( Order No. MR84881) . Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (1284850488).
Giri, N., Utha, K. , Giri, K. , Gurung, B. , Krong, L. , Keller, H. D. , Willert, S. , & Keller, K. D.( 2016) . Quality of School
Education in Bhutan. Retrieved 24 June 2016 from
Hoisington, C., Savleski, N., & DeCosta, I. (2010). A Walk in the woods. Science and Children, 48(2),27-31.
Kenna, J. , & Russell III, W. (2015) Tripping on the core: Utilizing field trips to enhance the common core. Retrieved 16
November 2015 from http: / /www. socstrpr. org/ wpcontent/uploads/2015/07/MS06632-Kenna-et-al.pdf.
Kolb, D. (1984). Experiential learning: Experience as the source of learning and Development (Vol.1). Retrieved 29
August 2017 from -kolb .html
Krakowka, A. (2012). Field trips as valuable learning experiences in geography Courses. Journal ofGeography,
111:6,236244, DOI:10.1080/00221341.2012. 707674
Kulas, M. ( 2017) . What are the Benefits of Field Trips for Children? Retrieved 5 June 2018 from
Lanier, L. ( 2017) . The experiential learning impact of international and domestic study tours: class excursions that are
more than field trips. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 29(1), 129-144.
Leydon, J. & Turner, S. ( 2013) . The challenges and rewards of introducing field trips into a large introductory
Geography class. Journal of Geography 112: 248– 2612013 National Council for Geographic Education. DOI:
10.1080/ 00221 341.2013.833279
Lynch, L. ( 2015) . Inform al education in low socioeconomic communities: Teachers' lived experiences in planning and
leading field trips (Order No. 3712635). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (1706911499).
Mundilarto, M. & Pamulasari, H. (2017). Outdoor learning model through fieldwork to improve physics
achievement in dynamic fluid. Journal of TURKISH SCIENCE EDUCATION 14(3), 73-86, DOI: 10.12973/
Nabors, L., Edwards. L., & Murray, K. (2015). Activities and accreditation field trip handbook. Retrieved 21 May 2017
from: pdf.
Olukayode, S., & Tina, E. ( 2013) . Effects of cooperative learning and fieldtrip strategies on secondary school students’
knowledge of and attitude to multicultural concepts in social studies. Journal of Education and Practice, 4(22),
Orion, N., & Hofstein. K., (2015). Factors that influence learning during a scientific field trip in a natural environment.
Journal of Research in Science Teaching, Department of Science Teaching, Weizma nn Institute of Science,
Rehovot 761 00, Israel, 31(10) 1097-1119.
Partyka, R. (2016). Students' perceptions of an agricultural communications fieldtrip (Order No.). Available from
ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (1853877386).
Pereira, J. (2015). Environmental issues and international relations, a new global (dis) orderthe role of international
relations in promoting a concerted international system. Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional, 58(1),
Policy and Planning Division. (2017). Annual Education Statistics 2017. Thimphu: Ministry of Education, Royal
Government of Bhutan.
Pyke, L. (2015). Effects of field trips on alternative students' knowledge, skills, attitudes, and relationships (Order No.
1594919). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (1707670475).
Rabgay, T. (2014). A study of factors influencing students’academic performance in a higher secondary school in
Bhutan. RABSEL; CERD Educational Journal, 16(2), 74-97.
Randolph, T. ( 2013) . Mount Jefferson state natural area fieldtrip activity guide ( Order No.1553909). Available from
ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (1524708980).
Rovinelli, R. & Hambleton, R. (1977). Indexes of item objective congruence for multidimensional items. International
Journal of Testing, 3( 2) , retrieved 18 March 2017 from http: / / dx.
Royal Education Council. (2012). National Education Framework: Shaping Bhutan’s Future. Thimphu:
Royal Education Council.
Saini, A. (2009) . Geography as a discipline: digital library. Retrieved 23 May 2016 from
Shakil, F., Faizi, N., & Hafeez, S. (2011). The need and importance of field trip at higher level in Karachi, Pakistan.
International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 2(1),1-16. Retrieved 9 March 2017
from http://www. /pics/45.pdf.
Sigmon, B. ( 2014) . Effectiveness of a farm field trip. Retrieved 11 August 2016 from referer=&httpsredir=1&article=1012&context=cld_etds
Stromholt, S. (2015). How students engage in environmental science learning and engineering design across settings
(Order No. 3725127). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (1732168306).
Suter, W. (2012). Introduction to educational research: A critical thinking approach (2nd ed.). CA: Thousand Oaks.
Sweet, A. ( 2014) . The effectiveness of virtual and on- site dairy farm field trips to increase student knowledge in
science, social studies, and health and wellness standards ( Order No. 1573767) . Available from ProQuest
Dissertations & Theses Global. (1654187632).
Thinley, K. (2016). Using fieldtrip Strategy to Enhance the Learning Achievement and Interest of Seventh Grade
Bhutanese Students Towards History: Bhutan (master’s thesis).Phathum Thani: Rangsit University.
Yangdon, S. (2015). Bhutanese Students’Opinions toward the Use of the Concept Mapping strategy in Studying
Geography Contents on Global Issues: Bhutan (master’s thesis).Phathum Thani:
Rangsit University.
Zhang, Z., & Anderson, D. (2003). Teacher perceptions of field trip planning and implementation.Visitor Studies, 6(3),