A Qualitative Inquiry Into the Occupational Challenges Faced by Home-Based Caregivers of People Living With HIV in South Africa’s Gauteng Province

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Maditobane Robert Lekganyane


Community home-based caregivers caring for people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLWHIV) are instrumental in relieving the demand pressures experienced by healthcare service centers. Although their contributions to the healthcare system are essential, they do so under difficult conditions necessitating social work support. This study was conducted in the Gauteng province of South Africa in 2017 to explore the occupational challenges faced by community home-based care caregivers of PLWHIV. Following the qualitative research approach, eighteen caregivers were identified and sampled using purposive and snowball sampling techniques in semi-structured interviews. The data was manually analyzed according to Tesch’s eight steps of qualitative data analysis. This gave rise to four themes: reception by community members, uncooperative clients and families, unsupportive healthcare professionals, and working in unsafe conditions. Following relevant ethical principles such as informed consent, confidentiality, and anonymity throughout the study, trustworthiness was continuously upheld through the principles of prolonged engagement, triangulation, member checking, thick description, and audit trail. The need for psychosocial support programs for caregivers, community and family educational programs, and strengthening partnerships for caregivers, communities, and healthcare professionals is recommended, given the success of community home-based care (CHBC) services for PLWHIV.

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How to Cite
Lekganyane, M. R. (2024). A Qualitative Inquiry Into the Occupational Challenges Faced by Home-Based Caregivers of People Living With HIV in South Africa’s Gauteng Province. Journal of Population and Social Studies [JPSS], 32, 757–780. Retrieved from https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jpss/article/view/271739
Research Articles
Author Biography

Maditobane Robert Lekganyane, Department of Social Work, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa

Corresponding author


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