Mental Health Among Hypertensive People and its Associated Factors: Findings From RISKESDAS 2018 Data

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Rozana Ika Agustiya
Siti Isfandari
Indri Yunita Suryaputri
Rofingatul Mubasyiroh
Lely Indrawati
Julianty Pradono


This study aims to investigate the complex relationship between general mental health issues, specifically depression, and hypertension, and to identify associated factors among individuals affected by these conditions in Indonesia. Using data from the Indonesia National Basic Health Research (RISKESDAS) in 2018, the study included a large sample of 88,590 individuals aged 30−59 with hypertension from various provinces and districts across Indonesia. The findings show that 11.5% of hypertensive individuals in the 30−59 age range in Indonesia experience general mental health problems, including common mental disorders, while 7.0% exhibit symptoms of depression. Importantly, individuals with multiple coexisting health conditions are more susceptible to mental health issues. Furthermore, factors such as female gender, lower educational attainment, unmarried status, unemployment, physician-diagnosed hypertension, and the presence of other concurrent health conditions are identified as contributors to an increased likelihood of experiencing general mental health problems and depression. Finally, this study emphasizes the importance of addressing mental health concerns among individuals dealing with hypertension and other non-communicable diseases in Indonesia, with a particular focus on those with lower educational levels, unmarried status, and unemployment.

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Agustiya, R. I., Isfandari, S., Suryaputri, I. Y. ., Mubasyiroh, R. ., Indrawati, L., & Pradono, J. . (2024). Mental Health Among Hypertensive People and its Associated Factors: Findings From RISKESDAS 2018 Data. Journal of Population and Social Studies [JPSS], 32, 813–828. Retrieved from
Research Articles
Author Biography

Rozana Ika Agustiya, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia

Corresponding author


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