The Correlation Between Self-Care Behavior with Application of Eastern Wisdom and Resilience Among Village Health Volunteers: A Cross-Sectional Study in Southern Thailand

Main Article Content

Kenika Jiratchayaporn
Wilawan Christraksa
Pattraporn Worrasirinara


The job of village health volunteers (VHVs) is to coordinate between Thai government departments and the public. Such work can lead to boredom, discouragement, and physical and mental exhaustion. Therefore, strengthening the positive ability of VHVs can help them cope with fatigue. It is essential to continue supporting VHVs; consequently, it is necessary to incorporate Eastern wisdom into healthcare provided for village health volunteers. Purposive sampling was used in this descriptive research to study the relationship between self-care behaviors by applying Eastern wisdom to support and enhance the mental strength of the VHVs. The sample consisted of 77 VHVs in Southern Thailand. Demographic data questionnaire, self-care behavior questionnaire by applying Eastern wisdom, and resilience questionnaire were used to collect data. Pearson’s correlation was used to analyze data. The relationship between self-care behavior by applying Eastern wisdom and resilience was found to have a statistically significant positive correlation (r = .246, p < .05). The relationship between self-care behavior by applying Eastern wisdom and resilience in this study was weak, but there was a positive correlation. Thus, health care providers should promote and integrate Eastern wisdom into self-care activities with VHVs.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Jiratchayaporn, K., Christraksa, W., & Worrasirinara, P. (2022). The Correlation Between Self-Care Behavior with Application of Eastern Wisdom and Resilience Among Village Health Volunteers: A Cross-Sectional Study in Southern Thailand. Journal of Population and Social Studies [JPSS], 30, 240 - 250. Retrieved from
Author Biography

Pattraporn Worrasirinara, Division of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University (Hat Yai campus), Thailand

Corresponding author


• Ahn, J., Kim, N. S., Lee, B. K., Park, J., & Kim, Y. (2021). Comparison of the physical and mental health problems of unemployed with employees in South Korea. Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health, 76(3), 163¬–172.
• Amelia, R. (2018). The model of self care behaviour and the relationship with quality of life, metabolic control and lipid control of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Binjai City, Indonesia. Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, 6(9), 1762–1767.
• Arpabuthsayapan, R., Nilaban, S., Inprom, N., Makan, S., & Klansuwan, A. (2019). ความคิดและพฤติกรรมร่วมกับการฝึกสติต่อความเข้มแข็งทางใจ ของผู้ป่วยเมทแอมเฟตามีน [Effective of cognitive-behavioral therapy and mindfulness for resilience quotient of Methamphetamine Use Disorders]. Journal of Health Science, 28 (Special Issue), 125–136.
• Barnard, A., & Furtak, A. (2020). Psychological resilience of volunteers in a South African health care context: A salutogenic approach and hermeneutic phenomenological inquiry. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(8), Article 2922.
• Buttharat, U., Sen-ngam, K., & Khamchan, P. (2015). การใช้ภูมิปัญญาตะวันออกในการดูแลผู้ป่วยของพยาบาลวิชาชีพในภาคใต้ของไทย [Using Eastern wisdom in nursing care for patients of registered nurses in the South of Thailand]. Songklanagarind Journal of Nursing, 35(2), 1–20.
• Connell, J., Brazier, J., O’Cathain, A., Lloyd-Jones, M., & Paisley, S. (2012). Quality of life of people with mental health problems: A synthesis of qualitative research. Health Quality of Life Outcomes, 10, Article 138.
• Department of Mental Health. (2018). คู่มือความรู้สำหรับอาสาสมัครสาธารณสุขหมู่บ้านที่เชี่ยวชาญด้านสุขภาพจิตชุมชน[Knowledge handbook for village health volunteers specializing in community mental health]. Prathammakhant Printing.คำนำ-สารบัญ-อสม.-ก.พ.61.pdf
• Grotberg, E. H. (1995). A guide for promoting resilience in children: Strengthening the human spirit. Bernard van Leer Foundation.
• Hartfiel, N., Havenhand, J., Khalsa, S. B., Clarke, G., & Krayer, A. (2011). The effectiveness of yoga for the improvement of well-being and resilience to stress in the workplace. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, 37(1), 70–76.
• Hatthakit, U. (2014). การพยาบาลแบบองค์รวมที่ผสมผสานภูมิปัญญาตะวันออก [Holistic nursing that combines Eastern wisdom]. Max Media Y2K Press Co., Ltd.
• Hatthakit, U., & Thanoi, W. (2012). การพยาบาลองค์รวมและการดูแลสุขภาพแบบผสมผสานการบูรณาการแนวคิดสู่การจัดการศึกษาพยาบาล [Holistic nursing and complementary therapy: An integration of the concepts into nursing education]. Thai Journal of Nursing Council, 27, 5–17.
• Hayat, Z. S., Khan, S., & Sadia, R. (2016). Resilience, wisdom, and life satisfaction in elderly living with families and in old-age homes. Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 31(2), 475–494.
• Hoffman, R. D., Thielmann, A., Buczkowski, K., Edirne, T., Hoffmann, K., Koskela, T., Lingner, H., Mevsim, V., Tekiner, S., Zielinski, A., Hoffman Cicurel, N., Petrazzuoli, F., Thulesius, H., Gerasimovska Kitanovska, B., & Weltermann, B. (2021). Gender differences in self-care for common colds by primary care patients: a European multicenter survey on the prevalence and patterns of practices (the COCO study). Journal of Gender Studies, 30(7), 756–771.
• Javadpour, A., Schofield, P., & Motamedi, M. (2019). Assessing correlation between psychological resilience and successful ageing. Mental Health & Human Resilience International Journal, 3(2), Article 000129.
• Jiratchayaporn, K., & Chetchaovalit, T. (2015). ผลของโปรแกรมการเสริมสร้างความเข้มแข็งทางจิตใจของวัยรุ่นตอนต้น ในโรงเรียนแห่งหนึ่งของจังหวัดสงขลา [Effect of resilience enhancing program in early adolescents in a school in Songkhla Province]. The Journal of Psychiatric Nursing and Mental Health, 29(3), 113–125.
• Keye, M. D., & Pidgeon, A. M. (2013). Investigation of the relationship between resilience, mindfulness, and academic self-efficacy. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 1(6), 1–4.
• Mei, J., Tian, Y., Chai, X., & Fan, X. (2019). Gender differences in self-care maintenance and its associations among patients with chronic heart failure. International Journal of Nursing Sciences, 6(1), 58–64.
• Mickler, C., & Staudinger, U. M. (2008). Personal wisdom: Validation and age-related differences of a performance measure. Psychology and Aging, 23(4), 787–799.
• Mukaka, M. M. (2012). A guide to appropriate use of Correlation coefficient in medical research. Malawi Medical Journal, 24(3), 69–71.
• Orem, D. E. (1991). Nursing: concepts of practice (4th edition). Mosby Year Book.
• Padthapee, C., & Prasertsuk, N. (2016). พฤติกรรมการส่งเสริมสุขภาพประชาชนของอาสาสมัครสาธารณสุขประจำหมู่บ้าน อำเภอบ่อพลอย จังหวัดกาญจนบุรี [Health promotion behavior for people operated by village health volunteers in the district of Boploi, Kanchanaburi Province]. Veridian E-Journal, Silpakorn University, 9(3), 1190–1205.
• Park, S. J., Kim, S. Y., Lee, E. S., & Park, S. (2020). Associations among employment status, health behaviors, and mental health in a representative sample of South Koreans. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(7), Article 2456.
• Pharr, J. R., Moonie, S., & Bungum, T. J. (2012). The impact of unemployment on mental and physical health, access to health care and health risk behaviors. International Scholarly Research Notices, Article 483432.
• Phophichit, N. (2016). ปัจจัยเชิงพุทธจิตวิทยาที่มีความสัมพันธ์กับความเข้มแข็งในการฟนพลังของวัยรุ่นในกรุงเทพมหานคร[Buddhist psychological factors related to the resilience of Adolescents in Bangkok]. Journal of MCU Peace Studies, 5(1), 253–263.
• Piyasiripon, N. (2018). ชุมชนพหุวัฒนธรรมท่ามกลางวาทกรรมชาตินิยมในพื้นที่ 3 จังหวัดชายแดนภาคใต้ของไทย [Multicultural communities amid a nationalist discourse in the 3 southern border provinces of Thailand]. The National Defense College of Thailand Journal, 60(2), 59–72.
• Pongpirul, K. (2021). Village Health Volunteers of Thailand. CHW Central.
• Seyedoshohadaee, M., Kshtelee, F. B., Fatemi, N. S., Saravi, M., & Haghani, H. (2018). The effect of self-care education on the resilience of the patients with heart failure. Journal of Client-Centered Nursing Care, 4(3), 165–171.
• Songprakun, W., & McCann, T. V. (2012). Effectiveness of a self-help manual on the promotion of resilience in individuals with depression in Thailand: A randomized controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry, 12, Article 12.
• Srisatidnarakul, B. (2010). ระเบียบวิธีวิจัยทางการพยาบาล [The methodology in nursing research] (5th edition). You and I Intermedia.
• Suvarnarong, K. (2014). วิถีแห่งโยคะ: ศาสตร์ที่ท้าทายต่อบทบาทของพยาบาล [The path of yoga: The science challenging nurses’ role]. Journal of Nursing Science, 32(4), 15–24.
• Vella, S. L. C., & Pai, N. B. (2019). A theoretical review of psychological resilience: Defining resilience and resilience research over the decades. Archives of Medicine & Health Sciences, 7(2), 233–239.