Local Environmental Conservation Activities as a Key Factor for Social Interaction (Case Study: Bagh-Shater Local Community)

Main Article Content

Mojtaba Vlibeigi
Elmira Sarhangi
Niloufar Karevani


One of the most significant issues of the local communities in Tehran, the capital of Iran, is creating social interaction. The implementation of local policies is necessary to encourage residents to continue social interaction. Accordingly, the purpose of this study is to examine how to enhance social interactions based on Perceived Residential Environment Quality (PREQ) indicators in local communities. Bagh-Shater, as one of the urban local communities in Tehran, was the population of this research. Likewise, 422 residents of the Bagh-Shater were selected as the sample. The results show that the effects model of the indicators of PREQ on social interaction can explain nearly half of the changes in social interaction. Also, the results show that strengthening local capacity in environmental management can be the basis for enhancing social interaction polices. In other words, it seems that maintenance and conservation of the local environment as a concept of value can not only currently bring together a variety of actors for local upkeep and care improvement, but can also significantly create social interaction.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Vlibeigi, M., Sarhangi, E., & Karevani, N. (2020). Local Environmental Conservation Activities as a Key Factor for Social Interaction (Case Study: Bagh-Shater Local Community). Journal of Population and Social Studies [JPSS], 29(-), 32 - 46. Retrieved from https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jpss/article/view/235178
Author Biography

Mojtaba Vlibeigi, Urban Planning Department, Buein Zahra Technical University, Iran

Corresponding author


• Adler, P. S., Du Gay, P., Morgan, G., & Reed, M. I. (2014). The Oxford handbook of sociology, social theory, and organization studies: Contemporary currents: Oxford Handbooks.
• Adriaanse, C. (2007). Measuring residential satisfaction: a residential environmental satisfaction scale (RESS). Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, 22(3), 287-303. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10901-007-9082-9
• Amérigo, M. (2002). A psychological approach to the study of residential satisfaction. Residential environments: Choice, satisfaction, and behavior. Praeger.
• Argyle, M. (1973). Social interaction (Vol. 103): Transaction Publishers.
• Bardhan, P. K., & Mookherjee, D. (2000). Capture and governance at local and national levels. American Economic Review, 90(2), 135-139. https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.90.2.135
• Bonaiuto, M., & Bonnes, M. (1996). Multiplace analysis of the urban environment: a comparison between a large and a small Italian city. Environment and Behavior, 28(6), 699-747. https://doi.org/10.1177/001391659602800601
• Bonaiuto, M., Aiello, A., Perugini, M., Bonnes, M., & Ercolani, A. P. (1999). Multidimensional perception of residential environment quality and neighbourhood attachment in the urban environment. Journal of environmental psychology, 19(4), 331-352. https://doi.org/10.1006/jevp.1999.0138
• Bonaiuto, M., Fornara, F., & Bonnes, M. (2003). Indexes of perceived residential environment quality and neighbourhood attachment in urban environments: a confirmation study on the city of Rome. Landscape and urban planning, 65(1-2), 41-52. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-2046(02)00236-0
• Bonaiuto, M., Fornara, F., Ariccio, S., Cancellieri, U. G., & Rahimi, L. (2015). Perceived residential environment quality indicators (PREQIs) relevance for UN-HABITAT City Prosperity Index (CPI). Habitat International, 45, 53-63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2014.06.015
• Bond, N. (2016). The Politics of Ferdinand Tönnies. In C. Adair-Toteff (Ed.), The Anthem Companion to Ferdinand Tönnies (pp. 181-204). Anthem Press.
• Canter, D. (1983). The purposive evaluation of places: A facet approach. Environment and Behavior, 15(6), 659-698. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916583156001
• Clark, C., & Robboy, H. (1992). Social Interaction: Readings in Sociology, Worth Publishers.
• Dempsey, N., Brown, C., Raman, S., Porta, S., Jenks, M., Jones, C., & Bramley, G. (2010). Elements of urban form Dimensions of the sustainable city (pp. 21-51): Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8647-2_2
• Drucker, S., & Gumpert, G. (1998). Public Spaces and the Right of Association. Free Speech Yearbook, 36(1), 25-38. https://doi.org/10.1080/08997225.1998.10556223
• Feiss, M., Fisher, R., Crayton, M., & Egner, C. (1977). Packaging of the bacteriophage λ chromosome: Effect of chromosome length. Virology, 77(1), 281-293. https://doi.org/10.1016/0042-6822(77)90425-1
• Fornara, F., Bonaiuto, M., & Bonnes, M. (2010). Cross-validation of abbreviated perceived residential environment quality (PREQ) and neighborhood attachment (NA) indicators. Environment and Behavior, 42(2), 171-196. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916508330998
• Francescato, G. (2002). Residential satisfaction research: The case for and against. In J. I. Aragonés, G. Francescato, & T. Gärling (Eds.), Residential environments. Choice, satisfaction, and behavior (pp. 15–34). Westport: Greenwood Press.
• Fuhse, J. A. (2009). The meaning structure of social networks. Sociological Theory, 27(1), 51-73. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9558.2009.00338.x
• Gehl, J. (1986). “Soft edges” in residential streets. Scandinavian housing and planning research, 3(2), 89-102. https://doi.org/10.1080/02815738608730092
• Graham, J., Plumptre, T. W., & Amos, B. (2003). Principles for good governance in the 21st century: Institute on governance Ottawa.
• Grigor, T. (2009). Building Iran: Modernism, architecture, and national heritage under the Pahlavi monarchs: Periscope Publishing, distributed by Prestel New York, NY.
• Haggerty, L. J. (1982). Differential social contact in urban neighborhoods: Environmental vs. sociodemographic explanations. The sociological quarterly, 23(3), 359-372. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1533-8525.1982.tb01018.x
• Homans, G. C. (1961). Human behavior: Its elementary forms: New York: Harcourt, Brace.
• Homans, G. C. (1974). Social behavior: Its elementary forms (Revised ed.). Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
• IRAN, T. I. R. O. (1984). The law of the definitions and rules of division of the country. Retrieved from http://rc.majlis.ir/fa/law/show/90769
• Jacobs, J. (2016). The death and life of great American cities: Vintage.
• Jacobsen, M., & Kristiansen, S. (2015). The Social Thought of Erving Goffman. Thousand Oaks California: SAGE Publications, Inc. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781483381725
• Jenks, M., & Jones, C. (2009). Dimensions of the sustainable city (Vol. 2): Springer Science & Business Media.
• Katouzian, H. (1981). The political economy of modern Iran: Despotism and pseudo-modernism, 1926–1979: Springer.
• Keefer, P., & Knack, S. (2008). Social capital, social norms and the new institutional economics Handbook of new institutional economics (pp. 701-725): Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-69305-5_28
• Keller, S. (1988). The American dream of community: An unfinished agenda. Paper presented at the Sociological Forum. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-69305-5_28
• Kemp, R., Parto, S., & Gibson, R. B. (2005). Governance for sustainable development: moving from theory to practice. International Journal of Sustainable Development, 8(1-2), 12-30. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJSD.2005.007372
• Kerlinger, F., & Pedhazur, E. (1973). Multivariate regression in behavioural research. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York.
• Koenig, S. (1953). Sociology, a book of readings: Prentice-Hall Canada.
• Marcus, C. C., & Francis, C. (1997). People places: design guidlines for urban open space: John Wiley & Sons.
• Masolo, D. (2002). Community, identity and the cultural space. Rue Descartes, 36(2), 19-51. https://doi.org/10.3917/rdes.036.0019.
• Newman, O. (1972). Defensible space: Macmillan New York.
• Pakzad, J. (2005). The Guide of Design of the Urban Spaces in Iran. Tehran, Housing and Urban Development Ministry.
• Parsons, T. (1991). The social system: Psychology Press.
• Riger, S., & Lavrakas, P. J. (1981). Community ties: Patterns of attachment and social interaction in urban neighborhoods. American Journal of Community Psychology, 9(1), 55-66. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00896360
• Scheuch, E. K. (2004). 2 Action theory as part of social science. Action Theory and Communication Research. Recent Development in Europe. Berlin, New York: de Gruyter. S, 13-33.
• Sharifi, A., & Murayama, A. (2013). Changes in the traditional urban form and the social sustainability of contemporary cities: A case study of Iranian cities. Habitat International, 38, 126-134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2012.05.007
• Statistical Centre of Iran, S. (2016). Population and Housing Censuses. https://www.amar.org.ir/english/Population-and-Housing-Censuses
• Tehran, D. o. S. a. C. S. o. t. M. o. (2015). urban local communtiy affairs. Teharn: Tehran Municipality Publications.
• Turner, J. H. (1988). A theory of social interaction: Stanford University Press.
• Turner, J. H. (2002). Face to face: Toward a sociological theory of interpersonal behavior: Stanford University Press.
• Weiss, T. G. (2000). Governance, good governance and global governance: conceptual and actual challenges. Third World Quarterly, 21(5), 795-814. https://doi.org/10.1080/713701075
• Werlen, B. (1993). Society action and space: an alternative human geography: Psychology Press.
• Work, R. (2002). Overview of decentralisation worldwide: A stepping stone to improved governance and human development. Paper presented at the Second International Conference on Decentralization, “Federalism: The Future of Decentralizing States.
• Yarshater, E. (1982). Encyclopaedia iranica (Vol. 2): Routledge & Kegan Paul.
• Yelaja, S. A. (1985). An introduction to social work practice in Canada: Scarborough, Ont.: Prentice-Hall Canada.
• Zad, V. V. (2013). Spatial discrimination in Tehran’s modern urban planning 1906–1979. Journal of Planning History, 12(1), 49-62. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1538513212459717
• Zapf, M. K. (2009). Social work and the environment: Understanding people and place: Canadian Scholars’ Press.