The Impact of Religiosity on Individual Perception of Wellbeing and Living Standards: A Cross-cultural Study on Selected Developing Economies

Main Article Content

Yuriy Bilan
Mihaela Simionescu
Sergej Vojtovič
Sergii Zapototskyi

Abstract

This study considers the impact of religion on perceptions of happiness and quality of life, and is especially focused on the adjunct effects of religion on the standard of living in the economically developing countries of Turkey, Ukraine, Senegal, and Morocco. The data have been collected using a survey carried out in 2012, and the empirical analysis was based on non-parametric tests and multinomial logistic regression. The results indicate that there are differences between devout followers of religion and atheists regarding gender, marital status, and perceptions of personal financial realities. Demographically, females, irrespective of whether they are married or single, tend to be more religious, and religious adherents, irrespective of gender, are such largely for the acquisitive aim of achieving improvements in standard of living or contentment with the standard of living which they have. When compared to atheists it was found that the latter was more affluent and thus stressed a more secular approach to life that emphasizes a sense of perennial discontent with social status and even a more acquisitive aim of procuring more money and status. Based on a mixed-effects generalized linear model that considers differences between countries as random effects, it may be concluded that negative perceptions regarding standard of living cause religiosity, but also allows for more satisfaction in daily life. Taking into account the countries that were selected for this study, it can be said that the results are truly cross-cultural in nature. Moreover, most of the conclusions that were reached are, to some extent, relevant to other developing economies of Eastern Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Bilan, Y., Simionescu, M., Vojtovič, S., & Zapototskyi, S. (2019). The Impact of Religiosity on Individual Perception of Wellbeing and Living Standards: A Cross-cultural Study on Selected Developing Economies. Journal of Population and Social Studies [JPSS], 27(4), 347 - 358. Retrieved from https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jpss/article/view/178640
Section
Articles
Author Biography

Yuriy Bilan, Centre of Applied Economic Research, Faculty of Management and Economics, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, Czech Republic

Corresponding author

References

• Barber, N. (2011). A cross-national test of the uncertainty hypothesis of religious belief. Cross-Cultural Research, 45(3), 318-333. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1069397111402465
• Baumeister, R.F. (2002). Religion and psychology: Introduction to the special issue. Psychological Inquiry, 13(3), 165-167. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327965pli1303_01
• Bilan, Y. (2014). Migration aspirations on the outskirts of Europe: Social and economic dimensions. Transformations in Business & Economics, 13(2B), 604-614.
• Brinkerhoff, M.B., & MacKie, M. (1985). Religion and gender: A comparison of Canadian and American student attitudes. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 415-429.
• Call, V.R., & Heaton, T.B. (1997). Religious influence on marital stability. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 382-392.
• Chmielewska, B., & Horváthová, Z. (2016). Policy levelling economic and social inequalities between rural and urban areas. Journal of International Studies, 9(2), 103-111. doi: 10.14254/2071-8330.2016/9-2/7
• Christiano, K. (2000). Religion and the family in modern American culture. Family, religion, and social change in diverse societies, 2000, 43-78.
• De Vaus, D., & McAllister, I. (1987). Gender differences in religion: A test of the structural location theory. American Sociological Review, 1987, 472-481.
• Deutsch, J., & Silber, J. (1999). Religion, standard of living and the quality of life. Contemporary Jewry, 20(1), 119-137.
• Greeley, A.M. (1991). Faithful attraction: Discovering intimacy, love, and fidelity in American marriage. New York: Tor Books.
• Headey, B., Schupp, J., Tucci, I., & Wagner, G.G. (2010). Authentic happiness theory supported by impact of religion on life satisfaction: A longitudinal analysis with data for Germany. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 5(1), 73-82. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1323686
• Hill, P.C., & Pargament, K.I. (2003). Advances in the conceptualization and measurement of religion and spirituality: Implications for physical and mental health research. American Psychologist, 58, 64–74. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066x.58.1.64.
• Kuru, A.T. (2009). Secularism and state policies toward religion: The United States, France, and Turkey. Cambridge University Press.
• Lejon, K., & Agnafors, M. (2011). Less religion, better society? On religion, secularity, and prosperity in Scandinavia. Dialog, 50(3), 297-307. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6385.2011.00619.x
• Lenski, G.E. (1953). Social correlates of religious interest. American Sociological Review, 18(5), 533-544.
• Miller, A.S., & Hoffmann, J.P. (1995). Risk and religion: An explanation of gender differences in religiosity. Journal for the scientific study of religion, 63-75. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1386523
• Mishchuk, H., & Grishnova, O. (2015). Empirical study of the comfort of living and working environment–Ukraine and Europe: Comparative assessment. Journal of International Studies, 8(1), 67-80. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14254/2071-8330.2015/8-1/6.
• Mukherjee, S.R. (2014). Global Halal: meat, money, and religion. Religions, 5(1), 22-75. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/rel5010022.
• Pacáková, V., & Kopecká, L. (2018). Comparing inequalities in health outcomes in European countries. Journal of International Studies, 11(4), 215-227. doi:10.14254/2071-8330.2018/11-4/15
• Park, C.L. (2005). Religion as a meaning‐making framework in coping with life stress. Journal of social issues, 61(4), 707-729. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.2005.00428.x
• Rakauskiene, O.G., & Volodzkiene, L. (2017). The inequality of material living conditions in EU countries. Economics & Sociology, 10(1), 265-280. doi: 10.14254/2071-789X.2017/10-1/19
• Ruiu, G. (2013). The origin of fatalistic tendencies: an empirical investigation. Economics & Sociology, 6(2), 103-124. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14254/2071-789x.2013/6-2/10
• Sandikci, Ö., Peterson, M., Ekici, A., & Simkins, T. (2016). Development and quality of life in turkey: how globalization, religion, and economic growth influence individual well-being. Journal of Macromarketing, 36(3), 304-320. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0276146715608919
• Sansi-Roca, R. (2007). Dinheiro vivo' money and religion in Brazil. Critique of Anthropology, 27(3), 319-339. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/0308275x07080360
• Simionescu, M., Ciuiu, D., Bilan, Y., & Strielkowski, W. (2016). GDP and net migration in some eastern and south-eastern countries of Europe. A panel data and Bayesian approach. Montenegrin Journal of Economics, 12(2), 161-175. doi:10.14254/1800-5845.2016/12-1/10
• Stavrova, O., Fetchenhauer, D., & Schlösser, T. (2013). Why are religious people happy? The effect of the social norm of religiosity across countries. Social science research, 42(1), 90-105.
• Streimikiene, D., Bilan, Y., Jasinskas, E., & Griksaite, R. (2016). Migration trends in Lithuania and other new EU member states. Transformations in Business & Economics, 15(1), 21-33.
• Suchecka, J., & Antczak, E. (2016). Analysis of household expenditures diversification on healthcare using structural-geographic methods. Economics and Sociology, 9(3), 119-132. doi: 10.14254/2071-789X.2016/9-3/11
• Wilcox, W.B. (2004). Soft patriarchs, new men: How Christianity shapes fathers and husbands. University of Chicago Press. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/009430610603500134
• WIN/Gallup International (2017). Religion data from End of Year Survey 2016.
• Yinger, J.M. (1970). The scientific study of religion. The MacMillan Company, New York, ETATS-UNIS.
• Zuckerman, P. (2008). Society without God: What the least religious nations can tell us about contentment. NYU Press