Influence of Parental Education on Nuptial Behavior: An analysis of Hindu Community in India

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Anshita Sharma


This study examines how the Hindu community, which has a long history of arranged marriages rooted in caste endogamy, has responded to popular schemas of developmental idealism (role of education in changing societal norm is one of them). The paper analyzes the often-cited argument that education substantially influences the process of spouse selection. The nationally representative (n=10,486) data of the second round of the Indian Human Development Survey (2011-2012) was analyzed to generate findings which suggested higher age at marriage and highly educated brides tend to arrange their own marriages. Exposure to education, and the fact parents are increasingly seeking the consent of their daughters in choosing their future husband play a role here. Specifically, multivariate analysis shows parents’ (particularly the mother of the bride) education plays a part in their willingness to obtain consent of their daughter in selecting their future spouse. This culminates either in self-choice marriages or jointly arranged marriages. Findings also showed the education level of bride is not significantly associated with their choice of mate.

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Sharma, A. (2019). Influence of Parental Education on Nuptial Behavior: An analysis of Hindu Community in India. Journal of Population and Social Studies [JPSS], 27(2), 168–180. Retrieved from
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Anshita Sharma, Jawaharlal Nehru University, India

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