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This research aims to study Buddhist ethical and customs concepts present in the Buddhist altar of Tai Yai people in Mae Sai district, Chiang Rai province which effect beliefs and values in their daily life. This research is a qualitative and survey study. Research data was obtained through documents, in-depth interview and non-participatory observation. The area ofstusy is the communities of Tai Yai people in Ban Pa Yang Pha Tak village, Moo 10, Wiang Phang Kham subdistrict and Ban Ko Sai, Moo 7, Mae Sai Subdistrict, Mae Sai District, Chiang Rai Province. The study found that the objectives, composition and arrangement of Buddhist altar of Tai Yai people reflects the holistic and hierarchical view of Tai Yai people towards the word and how they give the meaning to their natural surroundings and society. It also creates an ethnical conscience, bonding sense of their homeland which is the spiritual linkage to their beliefs, faith and background. The study of customs and ethics also related to the Buddhist altar revealed that there are concepts related to customs and ethics which associated to behaviour and practices that affect many aspects of life. The opinions of the new generation towards the establishment of Buddhist altar showed that the altar is still a necessity for the Buddhist family because it is considered as the pillar to hold the spiritual of all members of the family.
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