Digital Relationship Through Multi-Sensory Activity for Homebound Older Adult
Keywords:Digital relationship, Multi-sensory activity, Homebound older adult, Electroencephalogram
Purpose of the study: This research article aimed to develop online digital activities for homebound older adults through the principle of an interface design for this age group and examined outcomes while performing and following online digital actives by using an electroencephalogram (EEG).
Methodology: The researchers used the main findings from a previous study to develop a mobile phone interface design and multi-sensory activity for homebound older adults and examine the result by measuring the relaxation via their brain waves (i.e., EEG) while using the designed application. The tangible results were detected through a mobile EEG device while performing and two weeks after using the developed application in 20 homebound older adults.
Main findings: The main finding suggested that the appearance or the size of the buttons, text, screen touchpoints, color contrast ratio, etc., is useful for up to 62.5 percent of homebound older adults to feel more relaxed during using this application. This design guideline works well with 75% of the homebound older adults who have a bachelor's degree or higher. Early older adults 60-69 years old accounted for 75%. Both males and females have the same capability and usability. After using the application for two weeks, older adults tended to be more relaxed, up to 85% percent in comparison to previous emotional state.
Applications of the study: The main findings and the testing procedure will help the homebound older adults have more confidence, easier accessibility to mobile phones, and expand this knowledge in various interface designs.
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