Effectiveness of School-Based Smoking Cessation Programs
Keywords:Smoking cessation, School-based professional community, smoking cessation, school-based, adolescents, randomized clinical trial
This study aims to examine the evidence of whether or not school-based smoking cessation programs help students in public schools to stop smoking and to determine the effectiveness of school-based smoking cessation programs. The systematic review of studies published in peer-review journals over the last 10 years (2008-2019) by using key terms related to adolescent smoking cessation. The literature search was conducted from December 2019 to January 2020. The two researchers read 14 full-text articles and assessed them by using Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) appraisal tools. There were seven different interventions reported, including a cognitive-behavioral approach, motivation interviews, a parental intervention program, physical activities and motivation interviewing, a peer-led program, a mother–adolescent dyad with health education, proactive telephone counseling interventions and the Project Ex curriculum. The papers were reviewed, and 11 were randomized controlled trials and three were quasi-experimental studies. The sample size of the studies ranged from 94 to 2,801 subjects. All of the articles included studies with both male and female subjects. The age of students being studied ranged from 11 to 19 years old. This study review provided a summary of knowledge about various methods of programs to stop smoking. This review highlights smoking cessation programs in public schools. Based on the evidence from this review, we recommend that the Project Ex curriculum and physical activites, along with motivational interviews to be included in smoking cessation programs in schools.
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