20 Years of Decent Work and Labour Governance in Global Supply Chains

Main Article Content

กฤษฎา ธีระโกศลพงศ์


From 1999 to 2019, An ambiguity of decent work to the interpretation of six discussions, which are (a) Integration of four strategic objectives to the new policy. (b) Implementation of decent work at the country level. (c) Decent work becomes to global goals. (d) Role of the director-general. (e) Hegemony of the International Labour Organization (ILO). (f) Formulation of indicators and measurement. After that, decent work is developed to a new paradigm of the ILO and lead to social upgrading in global supply chains. This perspective is called ‘global labour governance’, including public governance, private governance, and social governance. Furthermore, the governance not limited to labour standards but expand the role of technical cooperation. Meanwhile, the Decent Work Country Programme (DWCP) is faced by some problems because member states lack of participation and non- binding instrument.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
ธีระโกศลพงศ์ก. (2019). 20 Years of Decent Work and Labour Governance in Global Supply Chains. Journal of HR Intelligence, 14(2), 122-154. Retrieved from https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/hri/article/view/223698
Academic Articles


Alcock, A. (1971). History of the International Labour Organisation. London: Macmillan.

Anker, R., Chernyshev, I., Egger, P., Mehran, F., & Ritter, J. A. (2003). Measuring decent work with statistical indicators. International Labour Review, 142 (2), 147-178.

Baccaro, L. (2001). Civil society, NGOs, and decent work policies : Sorting out the issues. ILO/International Institute for Labour Studies.

Baccaro, L. & Mele, V. (2012). Pathology of path dependency?: The ILO and the challenge of new governance. International Labour Review, 65 (2), 195-224.

Barrientos, S., Gereffi, G., & Rossi, A. (2011). Economic and social upgrading in global production networks : A new paradigm for a changing world. International Labour Review, 150 (3-4), 319-340.

Barrientos, S., Gereffi, G., & Pickles, J. (2016). New dynamics of upgrading in global value chains : Shifting terrain for suppliers and workers in the global south. Environment and Planning, 48 (7), 1214-1219.

Bauer, M. W. & Ege, J. (2014). The Autonomy of International Bureaucracies. In S. Kim, S. Ashley & H. Lambright. (eds.) Public Administration in the Context of Global Governance (pp. 63-84). Cheltenham : Edward Elgar.

Bellace, J. R. (2011). Achieving social justice: the nexus between the ILO's fundamental rights and decent work. Employment Rights and Employment Policy, 15(5), 5-28.

Bernards, N. (2016). The International Labour Organization and the ambivalent politics of financial inclusion in West Africa. New Political Economy, 21(6), 606-620.

Bescond, D., Chataignier, A., & Mehran, F. (2003). Seven indicators to measure decent work: An international comparison. International Labour Review, 142(2), 179-212.

Bhattacharjee, A. & Roy, A. (2016). Precarious Work in the Asian Seafood Global Value Chain. Retrieved from https://www.ituc-csi.org/IMG/pdf/precarious_work_in_the_asian_seafood_global_value_chain.pdf

Boguslaw, J. E. (2000). Social partnerships and social relations: New strategies in workforce and economic
development. New York : Routledge.

Bonnet, F., Figueiredo, J. B., & Standing, G. (2003). A family of decent work indexes. International Labour Review, 142 (2), 213-238.

Boris, E., Hoehtker, D. & Zimmermann, S. (2018). Introduction : A Century of Women’s ILO. In E. Boris, D. Hoehtker & S. Zimmermann (eds.), Women’s ILO: Transnational Networks, Global Labour Standards and Gender Equality, 1919 to Present. Leiden : Brill.

Britwum, A. O. (2018). Power resources and organising informal economy workers. Global Labour Journal, 9(2), 249-253.

Bull, B. & McNeill, D. (2007). Development Issues in Global Governance : Public-Private Partnerships and Market Multilateralism. Oxon : Routledge.

Chen, M. A. (2016). Informal Employment : Theory and Reality. In S. Edgell, H. Gottfried & E. Granter (eds.), The SAGE Handbook of the Sociology of Work and Employment (pp. 407-427). Los Angeles : SAGE.

Cox, R. W. (1969). The executive head: an essay on leadership in international organization. International
Organization, 23 (2), 205-230.

Cox, R. W. (1977). Labor and hegemony. International Organization, 31 (3), 385-424.

Cox, R. W. (1983). Gramsci, hegemony and international relations: An essay in method. Millennium-Journal of International Studies, 12 (2), 162-175.

Deacon, B. (2013). Global social policy in the making : The foundations of the social protection floors. Chicag o: Policy Press.

Deacon, B. (2015). The International Labour Organization and Global Social Governance - The 100 Years Search for Social Justice within Capitalism. In A. Kaasch & K. Martens (eds.), Actors and Agency in Global Social Governance (pp. 45-63). Oxford : Oxford University Press.

Duncan, R. (2018). Oxford Learner's Dictionary of Academic English. 5th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dymond, W. (2001). Core Labour Standards and the World Trade Organization: labour's love lost. Canadian Foreign Policy Journal, 8 (3), 99-114.

Fields, G. S. (2003). Decent work and development policies. International Labour Review, 142 (2), 239-262.

Frey, D. F. & MacNaughton, G. (2016). A human rights lens on full employment and decent work in the 2030 sustainable development agenda. SAGE Open, 6(2), 1-13.

Ghai, D. (2003). Decent work: Concept and indicators. International Labour Review, 142 (2), 113-145.

Gereffi, G. (2014). Global value chains in a post-Washington Consensus world. Review of international political economy, 21 (1), 9-37.

Gereffi, G., & Lee, J. (2016). Economic and social upgrading in global value chains and industrial clusters : Why governance matters. Journal of Business Ethics, 133(1), 25-38.

Governing Body. (2010). The agenda of the 101st Session (2012) of the Conference. 309th Session, Geneva, November 2010. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/public/libdoc/ilo/GB/309/GB.309_2_1_engl.pdf

Hadwiger, F. (2015). Global framework agreements: Achieving decent work in global supply chains?. International Journal of Labour Research, 7 (1-2), 74-94

Harrod, J. (1987). Power, production, and the unprotected worker. New York : Columbia University Press.

Harrod, J. (2008). The International Labour Organisation and the world labour force : from “peoples of the world” to “informal sector”. Retrieved from https://www.scribd.com/document/2389635/The-International-Labour- Organisation-and-the-World-Labour-Force-From-Peoples-of-theWorld-to-Informal-Sector

Harrod, J. (2014). Patterns of Power Relations : Sabotage, Organisation, Conformity & Adjustment. Global Labour Journal, 5 (2), 134-152.

Hassel, A. (2008). The evolution of a global labor governance regime. Governance, 21(2), 231-251.

Hauf, F. (2015). The paradoxes of decent work in context: a cultural political economy perspective. Global Labour Journal, 6 (2), 138-155.

Haworth, N., & Hughes, S. (2003). International political economy and industrial relations. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 41 (4), 665-682.

Haworth, N., & Hughes, S. (2009). Decent work and the ILO : extending the agenda. Retrieved from http://www. ilera-directory.org/15thworldcongress/files/papers/Track_4/Tue_W1_HAWORTH.pdf

Hendrickx, F., Marx, A., Rayp, G., & Wouters, J. (2016). The architecture of global labour governance. International Labour Review, 155 (3), 339-355.

Hughes, S., & Haworth, N. (2009). The ILO involvement in economic and social policies in the 1930s. Retrieved from http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---inst/documents/publication/wcms_180784.pdf

Hughes, S., & Haworth, N. (2011a). International Labour Organization (ILO) : Coming in from the Cold. Oxon : Routledge.

Hughes, S., & Haworth, N. (2011b). Decent work and poverty reduction strategies. Relations Industrielles/Industrial Relations, 66 (1), 34-53.

International Labour Conference. (2016). Reports of the Committee on Decent Work in Global Supply Chains: Resolution and conclusions submitted for adoption by the Conference. Retrieved from http://www.ilo.ch/ wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---relconf/documents/meetingdocument/wcms_489115.pdf

International Labour Conference. (2019). Reports of the Standard-Setting Committee on Violence and Harassment in the World of Work : Instruments submitted for adoption by the Conference. Retrieved from https://www. ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---relconf/documents/meetingdocument/wcms_711242.pdf

ILO. (1932). The Depression and Social Policy in the United States. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/public/ libdoc/ilo/1933/33B09_15_engl.pdf

ILO. (1969a). The World Employment Programme. Retrieved from http://www.ilo.org/public/libdoc/ilo/P/09605/ 09605(1969-53-part-1).pdf

ILO. (1969b). History of the International Labour Organization. Retrieved from http://www.ilo.org/public/libdoc/ ilo/1969/69B09_243_engl.pdf

ILO. (1999). Decent Work. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/public/libdoc/ilo/P/09605/09605(1999-87).pdf

ILO. (2000). Perspectives on Decent Work: Statements by the ILO Director-General. Retrieved from https://www. ilo.org/public/libdoc/ilo/2001/101B09_131_engl.pdf

ILO. (2002). Decent Work and the Informal Economy. Retrieved from http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/ relm/ilc/ilc90/pdf/rep-vi.pdf

ILO. (2004). A fair globalization : creating opportunities for all. Retrieved from http://www.ilo.org/public/english/ wcsdg/docs/report.pdf

ILO. (2005a). The Millennium Declaration, the MDGs and the ILO’s Decent Work Agenda : Overview. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/public/libdoc/ilo/2005/105B09_526_engl.pdf

ILO. (2005b). The ILO and the Follow up of the World Summit on Social Development : background paper
for the United Nations Commission on Social Development. Retrieved from http://www.ilo.org/public/libdoc/ ilo/2005/105B09_16_engl.pdf

ILO. (2010a). Extending Social Protection to All. Retrieved from http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/--- dgreports/---dcomm/---publ/documents/publication/wcms_146616.pdf

ILO. (2010b). Global Jobs Pact - Policy Briefs No. 11: Responsible practices in supply chains. Retrieved from https:// www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---integration/documents/publication/wcms_149676.pdf

ILO. (2011). Labour Administration and Labour Inspection. Report V: Fifth item on the agenda. Retrieved from https:// www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---relconf/documents/meetingdocument/wcms_153918.pdf

ILO. (2013a). Guide to the millennium development goals employment indicators. Retrieved from http://www.ilo. org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_emp/---emp_elm/documents/publication/wcms_208796.pdf

ILO. (2013b). Towards the ILO centenary: realities, renewal and tripartite commitment. Retrieved from http://www. ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---relconf/documents/meetingdocument/wcms_213836.pdf

ILO. (2013c). Decent Work Indicators: Guidelines for Producers and Users of Statistical and Legal Framework Indicators. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---integration/documents/ publication/wcms_229374.pdf

ILO. (2014). Transitioning from the Informal to the Formal Economy. Retrieved from http://www.ilo.org/public/ libdoc/ilo/2013/113B09_153_engl.pdf

ILO. (2015). The Future of Work Centenary Initiative. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/--- ed_norm/---relconf/documents/meetingdocument/wcms_369026.pdf

ILO. (2016a). Decent work in global supply chains. Report IV : 105th Session, International Labour Conference. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---relconf/documents/ meetingdocument/wcms_468097.pdf

ILO. (2016b). Non-standard employment around the world : Understanding challenges, shaping prospects. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---dcomm/---publ/documents/publication/ wcms_534326.pdf

ILO. (2016c). Workplace Compliance in Global Supply Chains. Sectoral Policies Department. Retrieved from https:// www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_dialogue/---sector/documents/publication/wcms_540914.pdf

ILO. (2016d). Decent Work Country Programme : A Practical Guidebook, version 4. Retrieved from https://www.ilo. org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_mas/---program/documents/genericdocument/wcms_561025.pdf

ILO. (2017a). Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy (MNE Declaration). Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_emp/---emp_ent/---multi/ documents/publication/wcms_094386.pdf

ILO. (2017b). The Future of Work We Want : A Global Dialogue. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/ public/---dgreports/---cabinet/documents/publication/wcms_570282.pdf

ILO. (2017c). Work in a changing climate : The Green Initiative. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/ public/---ed_norm/---relconf/documents/meetingdocument/wcms_554315.pdf

ILO. (2018a). Decent Work and the Sustainable Development Goals: A Guidebook on SDG Labour Market
Indicators. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---stat/documents/ publication/wcms_647109.pdf

ILO. (2018b). Digital labour platforms and the future of work : Towards decent work in the online world. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---dcomm/---publ/documents/publication/ wcms_645337.pdf

ILO. (2018c). Status of DWCP Development by Region as at 15 September 2018. Retrieved from https://www.ilo. org/global/about-the-ilo/how-the-ilo-works/departments-and-offices/program/dwcp/lang--en/index.htm

ILO. (2018d). The Women at Work Initiative: The push for equality. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/ groups/public/---ed_norm/---relconf/documents/meetingdocument/wcms_629239.pdf

ILO. (2018e). Decent Work for Sustainable Development : Transformation towards sustainable and resilient societies. Retrieved from https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/18233HLPF_Decent_ Work_for_Sustainable_Development_2018.pdf

ILO. (2019a). Work for a Brighter Future. Global Commission of the Future of Work. Retrieved from https://www.ilo. org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---cabinet/documents/publication/wcms_662410.pdf

ILO. (2019b). ILO Centenary Outcome Document. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/--- ed_norm/---relconf/documents/meetingdocument/wcms_700622.pdf

ILO Country Office for Thailand, Cambodia and Lao People’s Democratic Republic. (2017). Decent Work Country Programme for Lao People’s Democratic Republic 2017-2021. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/ wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/---sro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_630313. pdf?fbclid=IwAR0VzoC-F1MF4qr6ITq_evzddbbSGpkQnET2QSSV1pG08V-vqRhRvgqTVnA

ILO Country Office for Thailand, Cambodia and Lao People’s Democratic Republic. (2019). Kingdom of Cambodia Decent Work Country Programme (DWCP) 2019-2023. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/ public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_710183.pdf?fbclid=IwAR1xPEnLHzmsM8MH38 pH37_qu8CyQiAi5XtrlcDLnKN4eHC9is6oIVJNXF0

ILO Office in Vietnam. (2017). The Decent Work Country Programme for Viet Nam, 2017-2021. Retrieved from https:// www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/---ilo-hanoi/documents/publication/ wcms_630293.pdf

ILO Liaison Office, Myanmar. (2018). Myanmar Decent work Country Programme 2018-2021. Retrieved from https:// www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/---ilo-yangon/documents/publication/ wcms_645042.pdf?fbclid=IwAR17iamJRcocbmggGbAmZT_F84kurDXLu8-KZeYsCtQ2HelpWvgDdH0CimA

Kille, K. & J. Reinalda, B. (2013). Secretary-General leadership in global governance : perspectives from the IO BIO Project. Retrieved from http://acuns.org/wpcontent/uploads/2013/06/Kille-Kent-J-Bob-Reinalda- Secretary-GeneralLeadership-in-Global-Governance-Perspectives-from-the-IO-BIO-Project.pdf

Lee, J. (2016). Global supply chain dynamics and labour governance: Implications for social upgrading. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---

MacNaughton G. & Frey D. F. (2010). Decent work, human rights, and the Millennium Development Goals. Hastings Race and Poverty Law Journal, 7, 303-352.

MacNaughton G. & Frey D. F. (2016). Decent work, human rights and the Sustainable Development Goals.
Georgetown Journal of International Law, 47, 607-663.

Maul, D. (2019). 100 Years of the International Labour Organization. Fortid - STUDENTENES HISTORIETIDSSKRIFT. Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/38651470/100_Years_of_ILO

Mayer, F. W., Phillips, N., & Posthuma, A. C. (2017). The political economy of governance in a ‘global value chain world’. New Political Economy, 22 (2), 129-133.

Meardi, G., & Marginson, P. (2014). Global labour governance: potential and limits of an emerging perspective. Work, employment and society, 28 (4), 651-662.

Moore, P. V. (2014). Legitimacy, tribridity, and decent work deficits. Globalizations, 11(3), 315-330.

Moore, P., Dannreuther, C., & Mollmann, C. (2015). Guest editors' introduction: The future and praxis of decent work. Global Labour Journal, 6 (2),127-137.

Morse, D. A. (1969). The origin and evolution of the I.L.O. and its role in the world community. New York : Cornell University.

Murphy, C. (1994). International Organization and Industrial Change: Global Governance since 1850. Oxford : Oxford University Press.

Newman, J., Barnes, M., Sullivan, H., & Knops, A. (2004). Public Participation and Collaborative Governance. Journal of Social Policy, 33 (2), 203-223.

Ostermeier, M., Linde, S, Lay, J. & Prediger, S. (2015). SMARTer Indicators for Decent Work in a Post-2015 Development Agenda : A Proposal. International Labour Review, 154 (3), 285-302.

Phillips, N., & Mieres, F. (2015). The governance of forced labour in the global economy. Globalizations, 12 (2), 244-260.

Plasa, W. (2015). Reconciling international trade and labor protection: Why we need to bridge the gap between ILO standards and WTO rules. London : Lexington Books.

Posthuma, A., & Rossi, A. (2017). Coordinated governance in global value chains: supranational dynamics and the role of the International Labour Organization. New Political Economy, 22 (2), 186-202.

Reinalda, B. (2001). Decision making within international organizations : An overview of approaches and case studies. Retrieved from https://ecpr.eu/Filestore/PaperProposal/6161c44f-f398-45ef-a48f-02da2d6f6cc9.pdf

Rodgers, J., Lee, E., Swepston, L. & Van Daele, J. (2009). The International Labour Organization and the Quest for Social Justice 1919-2009. Geneva : ILO.

Salido, J. & Bellhouse, T. (2016). Economic and Social Upgrading: Definitions, connections and exploring means of measurement. Retrieved from https://repositorio.cepal.org/bitstream/handle/11362/40096/1/S1600459_en.pdf

Schechter, M. G. (1987). Leadership in International Organizations : Systemic, Organizational and Personality Factors. Review of International Studies, 13 (3), 197-220.

Schmalz, S., Ludwig, C., & Webster, E. (2018). The power resources approach: developments and challenges. Global Labour Journal, 9 (2), 113-134.

Schroeder, M. B. (2014). Executive leadership in the study of international organization : A framework for analysis. International Studies Review, 16(3), 339-361.

Sectoral Policies Department. (2016). A comparative analysis of economic and social upgrading in the animation, electronics, gold and retail sectors. In ILO (ed.), Sectoral Studies on Decent Work in Global Supply Chains (pp. 1-6). Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_dialogue/---sector/documents/ publication/wcms_485367.pdf

Selwyn, B. (2013). Social upgrading and labour in global production networks : A critique and an alternative
conception. Competition and Change, 17 (1), 75-90.

Selwyn, B. (2016). The Grapes of Wrath: social upgrading and class struggle in global value chains. In K. van der Pijl (Ed.), Handbook of the international Political economy of production (pp. 98-114). Cheltenham : Edward Elgar Publishing.

Selwyn, B. (2018). Poverty chains and global capitalism. Competition & Change, Retrieved from https://journals. sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1024529418809067

Sinclair, G. F. (2017). To reform the world: International organizations and the making of modern states. New York : Oxford University Press.

Standing, G. (2008). The ILO : An agency for globalization?. Development and Change, 39 (3), 355-384.

Sutummakid, Niramon & Kulkolkarn, Kiriya. (2018). A Study on Just Transition: Preliminary Study on Impact of Climate Change on Labour in Thailand. Bangkok : Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung. (translated Thai Reference)

Thomas, H., & Turnbull, P. (2018). From horizontal to vertical labour governance : The International Labour Organization (ILO) and decent work in global supply chains. Human Relations, 71 (4), 536-559.

Tosstorff, R. (2013). Workers’ resistance against Nazi Germany at the International Labour Conference 1933.
Geneva : ILO.

Verma, A., & Elman, G. (2007). Labour standards for a fair globalization for workers of the world. The Good Society, 16 (2), 57-64

Vosko, L. F. (2002). Decent Work' The Shifting Role of the ILO and the Struggle for Global Social Justice. Global Social Policy, 2 (1), 19-46.

Wet, E. D. (1995). Labor standards in the globalized economy: The inclusion of a social clause in the general
agreement on tariff and trade/ world trade organization. Human rights Quarterly, 17 (3), 443-462.

Wilkinson, R., & Hughes, S. (2000). Labor standards and global governance: examining the dimensions of institutional engagement. Global Governance, 6 (2), 259-277.

World Bank. (2001). World development report 2000/2001: Attacking Poverty. Retrieved from http://documents. worldbank.org/curated/en/230351468332946759/pdf/226840WDR00PUB0ng0poverty0200002001.pdf